Homemade Ollas: Thinking About Water Use in The Garden Part 2

in earthdeeds •  6 months ago

One of the things I love about gardening is that it requires creative practice for problems. In my post on water a few days ago, I mused about water as a resource, and how I was thinking about ways to prepare my garden for coming dry weather. I wrote that:

I was determined that I was right - that there was FAR more water wasted on products and services than would be wasted on my vegetables. Research found that for every dollar spent at the supermarket, you could count on 28 litres of water being embedded in these products. Production, agriculture, packaging, transport - they were using far more water than I was using to grown my own organic vegetables. Agricultural is response for about 80 percent of all water used.

These reflections on water as a precious commodity, and worry about the possibility of drought, led me to something I'd never heard about before - ollas!

Ollas are unglazed clay - or terracotta - pots used for water irrigation. They're used most often in Brazil, Iran and India, and I'm wondering why we don't use them here! You'll find a really comprehensive article here if you'd like to hear more about their use in permaculture.



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The article informs us that:

The microporous (unglazed) walls that do “not allow water to flow freely from the pot, but guides water seepage from it in the direction where suction develops. When buried neck deep into the ground, filled with water, and crops planted adjacent to it, the clay pot effects sub-surface irrigation as water oozes out of it due to the suction force which attracts water molecules to the plant roots. The suction force is created by soil moisture tension and/or plant roots themselves.” (AE Daka – 2001.) The plant roots grow around the pots and only “pull” moisture when needed, never wasting a single drop. “Ollas virtually eliminate the runoff and evaporation common in modern irrigation systems, allowing the plant to absorb nearly 100 percent of water.” (City of Austin Water Conservation, 2006.) To use ollas in a garden or farm, one buries the olla in the soil leaving the top slightly protruding from the soil (ideally the neck of the olla is glazed to prevent evaporation or it should be reasonable to apply a surface mulch that covers the neck of the olla without spilling into the opening). The olla is filled with water and the opening is then capped (with a rock, clay plate or other available material to prevent mosquito breeding, soil intrusion and evaporation).

Wow. That's pretty cool! It means that you can ensure a water supply to your plants, especially young seedlings which can really suffer if you get a dry day and forget to water! You can also add fertilizer to the ollas for slow release nutrients. The use of ollas and their size will depend on whether you're using a container or what type of plants you have.



Image from Permaculture News online.

Of course, not living in Brazil or India, I wondered how I'd get access to ollas pots, whereupon I stumbled on this brilliant little gem:

She uses ordinary terracotta pots with the saucer as a lid, and blu tac to prevent the water coming out. This did NOT work for me - perhaps I didn't clean the bottom of the pot very well. In the end, I took three old terracotta pots that were lying around, and mixed up some concrete and placed at the bottom of the pot.

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Too easy, right? Then, I dug holes and placed them where I was planting some eggplant and capsicum. I didn't have saucers, but I used lids from some gallon buckets that worked well. I imagine a rock or any kind of covering would work fine, and as the plants grow up, I'll mulch over the top of it to prevent further evaporation.

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I'm really interested to see how long water will last in these pots on a hot day, and I'm interested to see how this will go in comparision to the wicking beds (I'll talk about these in another post) - basically, I'm setting up a garden experiment so that I have the same plant growing in 3 situations - no method (just mulch and the hose), the ollas, and the wicking beds. By the end of summer, I'll be able to tell you how they went!

This particular post was written in response to @elamental's Earth Deeds initiative, which you can find here. @elamental writes:

I challenge everyone to start documenting their Earth conscious efforts on Steemit in a short post AT LEAST once a week. The more of us that show the rest of the world how easy it is to help the environment, the more people will also start taking action in their every day lives, and the impact you have with your otherwise "small" eco-friendly actions, will become even greater.

It's a great initiative and I encourage you to consider what you are doing to make a small difference on both local and global environments, write about it, and use the hashtag #earthdeeds so we can all find each other.



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@nateonsteemit this is great THANKS XXX you are such a great person!

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It's a tiny swale!!! 😍😍😍😍

Wow, I love that! Can't wait to see how it works for you :D

@buckaroo, check this out! It may be a help for you in your drought!

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Hey cool huh??? Saying this after a great downpour in last 24 hours!!! Drought not 100 percent certain but definitely summer will get dry. But yeah @buckaroo could be worth looking into??

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That's very interesting @riverflows!
I am living in an area that the past few years is entering in a drought period and water is always my concern. I'll try this out in small scale to see how it works here with the pots I can find.
Thank you for sharing!

I used to see Olla (in Arabic Ollah) at my grandparents'. But instead of being used in agriculture, They were being used for cooling and filtering drinking water. The water is poured into the ollah which is placed in a large pot. Then you drink the water that seeps to the pot. It used to taste fresh and cool even in hot summer.

They were being made of burnt clay and it is said to be first used by Pharaohs. I don't remember seeing any of them over almost the past 20 years, except for a visit to Fayoum Pottery school where they are produced for decoration.

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Ohhhh so do you think the word is Arabic!!!! I was wondering today. And yeah we have heard of these cooling systems before! Brilliant xxx

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I was surprised you used almost the same name being used in Egypt. Even different Arabian countries use different names. According to many online English dictionaries its origin is Spanish. It is also exist in Arabic dictionaries which means it is not colloquial, but with no mentioning of the origin. I am inclined to believe that both Arabians and Spanish took it from Egyptian hieroglyphs as it was first used by Pharaohs as far as I know.

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That's really cool. I love etymology!

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Ollas have always intrigued me! I can't wait to hear if yours work. Wicking bed is a new concept to me. Unless I don't know the term. I love your gardening experiments. I'm sure @nateonsteemit will appreciate them! Did you see the challenge to homesteaders for different projects? My response was how do you choose which?!! Loved this water post, again, @riverflows

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Oh I will check that out for sure... thanks!!! I'll be posting a DTUBE on wicking beds this weekend for you!!!

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Yeah! Keeping my eyes peeled. I'm very curious

Having dealt with constant standing water this year and the attendant mosquitoes, my first thought on the ollas was to cover the top of the neck with fine screening to keep the mosquitoes from breeding. If using flowerpots, the cover would work.

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Oh gosh yes kids for sure!!! Absolutely. We have mosquitos here too. Very important to cover!!!

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I hear ya @goldenoakfarm! We've had a very wet year and plenty of mosquitoes so that is a good point you bought up to get them covered also so the water doesn't evaporate of course.

Oh! This is a great idea! I have lots of rain in my island but I will remember this when the dry season starts again!

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Love it River! This is something I will have a hard time remembering to do in our garden next spring, but I will try! Thought if it's as rainy as it was this year I won't need it. I never heard of the 8 year drought.. that's crazy! Better be ready for it again, even here.

It looks like it should work just fine. You put concret at the bottom of the pot you said? I guess it looks like clay, but that wouldn't work with clay.

Thanks and I hope it will be good for the summer!

Good stuff to know to prepare for drought! So far we have been having very wet years but I might try them in my covered garden for it doesn't get the natural rainfall. I tried another idea that was similar to this with repurposing 1 liter bottles that you placed a spike on that had holes for the water to slowly drip out of to your plants. It worked okay but I like this idea better. I have more clay posts than plastic bottles.

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You may as well use what you have. And you can use them inside too!

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Here in the California desert, it is dry most of the year. I've tried many different solutions, but none of them were successful. This one looks promising. My last resort was to install a drip system. I think I'll try this first.

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Gosh they're a big parallels between our climate and California. Check out online because some people drill holes between the parts and connect them with pipes to me sounds like an awesome idea as it is combining a irrigation with pipes with the Pops which would store more water and slow release it so if you do try this method please let me know how it goes

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Have you tried wicking beds???

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I think a wicking bed would be a good solution for some... Sadly. I just don't have the space or the yard configuration to do something like that.

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Hi how big is your yard? I have seen some pretty amazing wicking setups just using buckets. Especially for tomatoes because it is very similar to maybe for a hydroponics setup I am lucky to have the space and where I have them is a place where the gum tree roots draining nutrients from the soil anyway so I can utilise that that space

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I love this, I have seen it in practice over here, it is such a clever idea and I think it will work wonders for your garden. I have thought about using pipes in a similar way for trees, you have to seal the end and make tiny holes in the side, bury it horizontally in the ground with the top having a lid and you top up the pipe with water weekly, it is best to do when you first plant your trees as you will not damage the roots, but it can go a few feet down and the small holes allows for slow drainage into the soil. All the trees where I am are mature so don't really want to dig around them but it would be great to get the water to the roots. xxxx

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Oh that's a really cool idea!!! Less evaporation. The roots might break the pots eventually??

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exactly, that's why I would use pipes instead, I know the pots are better as they are natural, but you can get good quality pipes too, have to try it out I guess xxx

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It's a great idea! Love it.

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I have read about Ollas about a year ago but never got to make some myself. I was thinking of combining Ollas to some automated watering system what would fill them when needed.

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Fascinating information. I never thought about doing something like this, but how it works totally makes sense. I am glad you were able to successfully implement this into your garden. I also think mulching over the soil will be advantageous. Thank you for a wonderful #EarthDeeds entry.

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No worries. Mulching goes without saying... so important!

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This is the first time I see this and it sure does look interesting. I hope it works for you, keeping my fingers crossed honey, much love! 💚

I LOVE this post. Conscious, practical, personal. Something repeatable. Doable. Needed. Thank you for being part of the change and being responsible for your water use.

this is a great post @riverflows and we will definitely want to try this out for vegetable farming during this dry season period in our country.

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This is amazing! I love the idea of having a slow constant watering system. Do you have to have a particular soil type for this to work?

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Not that I know of! It's working well so far in a sandy loam. We had a 28 degree day yesterday and I didn't water. The pumpkin seedlings near the ollas survived and the ones without didn't @ghscollective .. I am sooo thrilled!!!

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