Asking the Right Question

in #cardano4 years ago

Charles Hoskinson took some time to respond my post on Cardano's consensus algorithm Ouroboros.

In his response he sets out a process that one must follow:

  1. Start out with a Definition of Security, which apparently is the Foundation upon which all consensus protocols ought to be judged in our space. It defines what a secure Ledger is.

  2. Next you need to prove that Proof of Work satisfies this so you have a benchmark.

  3. Then you need to prove proof of stake satisfies this.

Proof of Work is not a Good Benchmark

According to Charles, the proof of work satisfies his definition of secure ledgers. In my opinion, proof of work provides terrible security based upon real world centralization in mining pools, misalignment of incentives, successful double spends, empty blocks, selfish mining, fee extortion, etc. Following the process laid out by Charles is an example of asking the wrong question: "How do we create a proof of stake algorithm with security properties of proof of work?". It will produce a proof-of-stake algorithm that fails to account for the problems present in proof of work because those problems are completely outside the scope of his definition of security.


For next time, consider making your post with Burn Reward option instead of Decline. You're more likely to get proportional attention to what your content is worth.


Ps: An alternative solution would be have more people interested in a view that only show Declined payout posts.

This would be far better for the Steem economy, thanks for mentioning it and for continuing to attend to improving this platform.

This is great information as I am on the Verge of looking for solution on how to Decline my payouts as well.

I know this is a bot, but when you reply to "SOMEONE WHO CREATED THE PLATFORM" I am sure they understand the difference between Decline Payout and Burn Author Rewards. Since they or someone sitting next to them made the options.

Transisto is not a bot. Steemliberator is a project built by Netuoso after Dan left. It includes features (such as Burn Reward) which the Steemit version of condensor does not have.

So only the curators will get the rewards?

Yes and it reduce the supply of steem benefiting every steem owner.
It also in a negligible way not competing with the voting power it's redistributing to other posts.

Oh, I have no problem with the suggestion, or if it was a true bot or not. It struck me as funny with someone suggesting to Dan how something on Steemit works or what it does.

Great Suggestion!

but the burn author rewards is not in my option it only power up, default and decline it because am using steemit beta?

No it's a feature implemented only on

It's simply setting the main beneficiary as NULL. It's not possible to set other beneficiaries from Steemit. (it is on

Also steemplus addon allows it.

or you could accept the payment and transfer it to me...I need money because I spend a lot in wine and prostitues

In his Reddit response to Dan's post, Charles refers to the EOS ERC-20 token distribution as an ICO, which is completely wrong.

In his cardano telegram response that has been posted to Reddit, he comments thus in response to the outrage at his failure to acknowledge his use of Dan's ideas without citation.....

  • As for citations our protocol is distinctly different * Delegated proof of stake is basically paxos with a voting system bolted on * Somehow Dan forgot to cite Leslie Lamport * He stoled work from the 1970s * We have nothing in common with this idea *

This response, clearly rushed, reveals Charles's inconsistency. He says his protocol is distinctly different, then says DPOS is paxos with a voting very similar other than voting then.

Then he accuses Dan of the same failure to cite, without any proof....which is what he is guilty of himself with respect to Dan's DPOS innovation.

Finally, he claims there is nothing in common between the ideas when he's just said DPOS is paxos with a voting system.

Dan isn't the one stealing ideas. He doesn't claim to have invented everything and does not claim everything else is junk.

Ethereum is an interesting computer science experiment. Does it scale without becoming something else entirely? No.

Instead of deflecting, I hope Charles can accept fair criticism and start acknowledging that he isnt the fountain of authority in this space. The world doesn't need any more egotistical academics, it needs real solutions to real problems as quickly as possible.

That Charles has no respect for Dan is clear. Why is that? What has Dan done other than what he said he would. Build tools that protect life liberty and property. Bitshares and Steem....two of the very best tools for accomplishing that. Yea, nothing to respect there.

That Charles has no respect for Dan is clear.

I had a chat with Charles yesterday, well more an exchange of words in which Charles rants about his grevancies... I posted a little about this yesterday, and today Charles has begun hurling abuse at me over it.

If, as Charles claims, Dan called Charles a sociopath, I think he must have good cause for making such an assement. Charles isn't exactly demonstrating a rational behavior to the contrary.

Charles seems to be demanding respect and asserts that Dan has extremly little respect for him. The at times narcissistic ranting albiet humorously missfortunate was somewhat disturbing.

I don't know about you but I evaluate a project part on interaction with team members and community so when a team leader displays these types of characteristics it's going to naturally make me think twice about evaluating further.

Whatever, Charles claims to someday be adding to Cardano is really just empty words at this point academic peer review or not.

You know when you cannot argue, attack ad hominem...

Absolutely, goes without question and pretty much sums up why I ended that post with the video interview of Charles ranting about supposed addition ADA capabilities that Ethereum simply doesn't have, listen for Crypt0's response! "wooowhaaaa..t " it's hilarious about 1:13:00 in

Charle's argument seems to be that peer review somehow ensures the quality of your idea or solution. The problem is, there is significant evidence (ironically often in the form of peer reviewed papers) that this is not the case:

so they... shouldn't try so hard? And just release rushed buggy hackable code that may have far reaching consequences not easily foreseen. Good point.

Thanks for sharing John, I wonder about Hashgraph, not so sure about @alexpmorris hehe :P

I'd probably hurl abuse at you too if you were to profit from making me look bad.

He makes himself look bad acting that way. I just shared the truth, as I saw, no big secret in that. If he disagrees or has issue fine but to the point there is no need to be abusive it just invites negativity.

You make yourself look bad. He takes the time to do an interview for you. To give you value by getting you views and you stab him in the back by trying to ruin his reputation.

I hope your EOS investment sets you up for life so you wont have to do any more backstabby interviews.

Well, you are entitled to form your own opinion. I don't agree with it for a number of reasons but have no qualm giving you the time of day.

Mind you, as the saying goes; looks can be deceiving and don't believe everything you read.

He takes the time to do an interview for you.

Incorrect, I did not interview Charles (I think you are confusing the hilarious video interview between Charles Hoskinson and @crypt0 (which I linked in my post)

Backstabbing!, also incorrect, Charles (the character in the mentioned Cardano Telegram chat) and I are not friends.

If there is anything else you would like to add, feel free to take this over to my post here and I'll gladly give you more time, I freely, do what I enjoy!

Most people may have a hard time controlling the initial feeling they have when they hear something they consider a verbal attack, but we do have control over how we react. Charles' reaction shows low emotional intelligence.

I like Cardano but I prefer Gina that works in a street close to mine...the problem is that she charges 50 euros....Vanessa charges 20 but she has no teeth

No teeth every time😂

Thank you, Dan, for inventing this tool that allows me to show what I need to the world without being censored. I really appreciate this Alternative Economy and it's an honor to be around so many smart people

Why are you attacking Charles seemingly without provocation?

BTC and BCH people go back and forth but they have legitimate reason to. Maybe I'm just new to the space but I haven't seen any other crypto leaders go out of their way to attack another project. It just looks very catty and immature.

If EOS is really better, then the market will follow eventually. So stop crying like a baby and actually do your job.

Peer review is not catty or immature, nor is creating a discussion based on facts. Reacting to having your hard work used without recognition is completely understandable and actually very necessary.

"Peer review" has a definition and this is not it. Competitors bad mouthing each other in public is only good business in WWE.
If he's genuinely upset at having his work stolen, just focus on proving that point and that's enough to sway public opinion I would think. Having a lecture about 'why I think my competitor sucks' is pretty sad. If I saw a lecture from McDonalds about how KFC's chicken sucks, am I really going to pay attention? If it's really bad, then surely someone besides a direct competitor should be able to point it out.

I agree, in the current academic space, far too many individuals ask the questions they can most easily (quickly) and uncontroversially answer. They need one to three papers a year in the right journals to get tenure. Meanwhile, in business, anything longer than three years is accounted as a write off or a hedge. There are almost always less risky investments with same return in most cases.

I suspect most know they are asking the wrong questions. Which does not mean they will ask different questions in the current environment.

Most scientists of the 18th, 19th, and early 20th centuries were independently wealthy. Ludwig Mises said it. Science was something they did because they enjoyed doing it. Result? No rush. More on point.

Alan Kay has a lecture at Carnegie Mellon, where he talks about the important problems in computer science.

Audience: That's great! Super! Now how do we get paid for working on these problems? How do we get paid for asking these questions? The answer, that science and income are different things, did not seem to satisfy the audience. Awkward silence.

I am unsure that we need to use any definition of security. We might take it as something to be solved for in the relevant problem context. We might not need to define our terms in advance. (Wheeler suggested this approach.) We might ask questions about decentralized systems without narrowing scope by using tacit definitions. ("N" is secure if "N interacting with M" is secure when "M" is also secure. That sort of thing.) We discover our proper scope in the relevant problem context gestalt.

By the way, Phys. Rev. E, not Nature, is now the place to look if you are interested in network phenomena, complex systems, etc, what is relevant today.

Thank you dan for the article, and i must say, i like the way how 19th century's scientist think :D

I agree!

Why did you let this dude premine?
No idea how busy you are and if you are aware of this:
Your old friend went on a crusade to destroy the STEEM blockchain.
I do believe you control either thejohalfiles, or freedom, and your account which still carries quite a clout.

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This pos very interesting to me..I salute of [email protected] visit my post please give me your [email protected]

I understand Charles' point about the benefits of peer review but on some level it just feels like clever marketing for Cardano. Ultimately software is validated and verified through testing. The game theory element of these systems is so complex now that the only way to test that portion is to set it loose and let evolution take place.

So we shouldn't peer review the architecture? Even I have to send my arhitecture plans for a review and I am not creating a multi billion dollar currency.

As I said, peer review has its benefits. Peer review possibly could catch flaws prior to investing a lot of time and money in a project. However, Charles making the assumption that Cardano is the only project that is doing peer review or doing peer review in the only correct way using the particular conference and boards they happen to select and then bashing every other project on the point seems to me more like marketing for Cardano then it does anything else.

No he is also talking about other peer reviewed papers/projects like zcash and others if you ever listen to his talks. Also talks about good things that other coins are doing, like dash treasury model. Also if you dont know IOHK has ETC team and Daedalus will support ETC so they are seeing a lot of potential in other projects. But of course he is trying to raise standards in crypto space. But in the end markets will do what markets do. And who would blame him the standards are awful so many scams and shitcoins.

@dan Good evening. Interesting point from Mr.Hoskinson, and is human nature to make the point he did. This are great times. Yet there's much to be proven, but people like you and others are creating a new road. (hope that makes sense). Best wishes.

You hit the nail on the head dan. Kudos for this.

I wrote so many articles in the past about this backward thinking from academia and why I actually avoid to invest in anything that comes from the space. Indeed, the mentality of the academic space is to find something that fits the narrative.

Most experiments from the space are not falsifiable. Anything goes as long as others have created the shell upon which their assumptions can be based. This is why we see fields like psychology invent disorders at will and an entire medical industry being based on it.

Cardano will fall onto its face and probably find the same excuse as with academia. Extended timelines and waste of resources.

YES... The "divide" between Academia AND REAL Life ( business ) can sometimes be so incredibly immense that the two never even have a chance of a finding place in the middle to compromise to allow a possible solution...

Thank You Dan for Your ever-expansion of REAL Life business usage of Blockchain Technology.

Here's wishing You AND the EOS Team only the Very Best in 2018 !!

Cheers !!

Post Script: Your Father, Stan, has done some great interviews with Crypto Connie... Keep Up the Great Work...

Cheers, once Again !!

Haha, I love the second comic.
Randall is just a genius with his stickman comics.
Thanks for the laugh:)

My hope is that as a community Crypto will start to realize proof of work needs to go away for us to move forward. It got us where we are today, but stake and voting is were we need to head.

I agree. Definitely staking + governance controls make for a healthy, natural progression. It would be a shame to see chains "governing" themselves to oblivion at the expense of the token owners.

I agree, proof of work attacks the problem from a very narrow angle, our only evidence so far is that it seemingly works in the very primitive computing scenarios we are currently placing the new technologies in.

In many ways I look at ledgering as our new technology being able to provide the simple ledgering calculation mechanisms the first computers did, when we supersede the implementation techniques that we currently rely on we'll raise the bar on what the technology is capable of.

reading your posts is always informative to me

enjoy i agree with u

"modern" scientist: how can I use my "research" to make money?

Dan, what's the purpose of criticizing Cardano/Charles publicly? I suggest you focus on your project(s), and let Charles and the Cardano team do the same. If you have suggestions/concerns about Cardano, why don't you hit them up privately?

To me it seems like both of you feel like you've been treated unfairly by the other person and are now throwing shit under the guise of constructive criticism.

As a huge fan of both of you I'd much rather see you work together than this back and forth nonsense that benefits nobody.

You're both working towards the same goal, right? Now we've heard your critique of Cardano, I challenge you to make a post about what you think they're doing right, and if you do, I hope Charles can send some compliments back at you.

Keep up the good work, both of you! :)

He got kicked out of Ethereum, Bitshares etc with bad blood. That's quite a streak - and also quite worrying. Seems like Charles is just difficult to work with :/

19th century scientist were the real scientist, dedicated and relentless


I always learn something important reading your post and i always have fun too. Regards

I dont work on the science production (lets Just call It that for now) but i have some friends on It, and i gotta say.... The First picture states exactly what these friends complain about.

It weird to see that a field that was supposed to answer question and/or discover new good questions is just treated as a 19th century production line of papers and papers...

I see the science production of today not much different than a Facebook popularity contest.

Its weird to see that in general science production is measured as How many papers someone can produce in a given time.

And to add to that situation, the confirmation bias have a strong influence on most of the nowdays scientists.

Its a weird world we live now.....

I thoroughly enjoy your sense of humor @dan

i agree today we are modern,, many year ago people were simple,,, best nice post,, it is nice information,,, thanks sir

Dear dan
This comment has nothing to do with this article, I just wanted to let you know that you are absolutely awesome.

Can somebody explain to me what is proof of work and proof of stake, please?

POW (Proof of Work) is explained in the original Bitcoin whitepaper:
DPOS (Delegated Proof of Stake) is explained here: DPOS Consensus Algorithm - The Missing White Paper

Yes, it's a lot of reading. Yes, it's worth it. The future will be decided by those who spend the time to understand things from first principles, not those who ask for things to be explained to them.

Thanks for that. Really appreciated.👍🏻

@dan : I think u miss the point. Value holding (POW) algorithm will be different from value creating algorithm (pos)

With so many discussions on Proof of Work v/s Proof of Stake, I'm still caught in between on what a common user like me (whose technical knowledge is mostly basic w.r.t Blockchain) should really stand up for.

wonderful post
good job dear
a helpful post
thank you for sharing
dear @dan 👌👌

Lets see how these things play out. The future market will decide.

Dan cooking show baby!


So true! So many things I've been told growing up has been a lie!

My first post here. I have to say reading through the comments... there is probably more information from reading the comments than the article. Positively interesting experience.

The ideals of open source is noble but the present narrative is more of 'herd mentality' and 'appeal to authority'.... An academic debate is more a troll fantasy and trying to define parameters is a fool's game but its left entirely up to the creators of the project to give reference but I highly doubt this would ever happen, there is to much money and ego involve now


Proof of work provides terrible security based upon real world centralization in mining pools, misalignment of incentives, successful double spends, empty blocks, selfish mining, fee extortion.

Which is why I love DPOS. And would love to see Steem completely decentralized.

I like the way how 19th century's scientist think. Anything goes as long as others have created the shell upon which their assumptions can be based. This is why we see fields like psychology invent disorders at will and an entire medical industry being based on it. @dan

Thinking is difficult but more difficult for 21st century scientist. In fact, thinking is punishment to him.

Cardano is a bunch of academic papers and no working product. It's rare for academics to actually bring something useful out to market. That's why I'm not impressed with all their 'peer review' talk. No peer review with spacex or tesla.

Are these your accounts and yours steem are real.???!!

Proof of work is broken?? Then why hasn't Bitcoin/Ethereum been hacked till now?

LOL, those two pics... says it all.

generally your post are creativity thinking.

Hahahahah - Good one - love

Nice work, i love the comics.

For you, a good definition of security must involve the decentralization part?

Natural science is making a comeback ;) & the logic it of it is so sound it works in coding as well. I love that cartoon ❤️

Dan, I'm reaching out to invite you for a Skype Interview on the Vin Armani Show about liberty, EOS and scaling a third-generation cryptocurrency. Email me at [email protected]

I dont get why everyone is picking on Charles. It is a free market. You can publish papers or not. It's the same in science and everywhere.

Im now read your post..Thanks for this good post sir ,nice view angles and analyzes.... @dan Keep it up !

Never question or criticize the answer you ask after asking a question. Making fun of other people is never smart, but it would be especially stupid to mock him after someone showed you how to respond to the problem. Because that person will not respond to any more problems. @dan

I don't know, proof of work always seemed like a good benchmark to me!

"21st century scientist" haha I like the humor!

@dan @charles, look, I have put money in both of Y'all products so instead of going at each other, the better solution is to get to work. and get things done. Both of y'all products are not complete so i am really wondering how you can invest so much time before you deliver a complete product. If i wanted entertainment then i would get entertained i invested in Cardano and in EOS because i want to get paid. So... let's get to work ok, and leave this immature BS for the children.

Hello sir, one of my friend have missed his Steemit master password on 11 January something 11:20 pm how can he recover his account or how can I support him?

Thank you

We all hope that Charles could explain the ideas about Ouroboros as I think this is just an academic discussion. Unfortunately he didn't.

Those cartoons aptly sum up the causation which lead to the state, in which we find ourselves today.

this conversation enriches the crypto-community.