The Mentality of the Obese steemCreated with Sketch.

in health •  3 months ago 

Psychological issues can not only foreshadow the development of obesity, but they can also follow ongoing struggles to control weight.
Food is often used as a coping mechanism by those with weight problems, particularly when they are sad, anxious, stressed, lonely, and frustrated.

Tired, bad fitness condition, dadbod, fat under the arms?

To put it simply is not sexy to be carrying around extra useless weight.

Let me warn you first that if you think you’re going to find the secret to constant weight loss in this or any other post, well here you have it “being in a constant caloric deficit”.

Of course, this sounds so good to be true.

Why even if the answer is so clear people are yet having trouble with their weight control and what can we do about it?

Back in the day when I was in college we always talked about the multidimensional factors that could lead someone into living a sedentary lifestyle.

There are lots of things that I as a personal trainer can’t control such as my client's environment, genetics, socioeconomic status (yes, money or your income levels play a big part in how likely are you to become obese), etc.

In this post, you’ll read about the internal and external aspects of obesity, fitness strategies and mental shifts you should be doing in order to maintain optimal fitness levels.

Table of contents

  1. A brief story of human fat
    a. Obesity
  2. The popular risks we all know
  3. A complex problem
  4. It’s about a lifestyle
  5. Highlights

1. A brief story of human fat

Fats are one of the three main macronutrients, along with carbohydrates and proteins.

Fat molecules consist of primarily carbon and hydrogen atoms and are therefore hydrophobic and are soluble in organic solvents and insoluble in water.

Examples include cholesterol, phospholipids, and triglycerides.

We need fat, whether we like it or not. To assimilate vitamins, keep adequate hormonal levels, survival, etc.

Vitamins A, D, E, and K are fat-soluble, meaning they can only be digested, absorbed, and transported in conjunction with fats.

In animals, adipose tissue, or fatty tissue is the body's means of storing metabolic energy over extended periods of time.

Fats are also sources of essential fatty acids, an important dietary requirement.

a. Obesity

Obesity is a condition in which the natural energy reserve, stored in the fatty tissue of humans and other mammals, is increased to a point where it is a risk factor for certain health conditions or increased mortality.

Body mass index (BMI) is a tool that doctors use to assess if a person is at an appropriate weight for their age, sex, and height. The measurement combines height and weight.

A BMI between 25 and 29.9 indicates that a person is carrying excess weight. A BMI of 30 or over suggests that a person may have obesity.

When a person consumes more calories than they use as energy, their body will store the extra calories as fat. This can lead to excess weight and obesity.

2. The popular risks we all know

During the last 40 years, the prevalence of childhood obesity in America has nearly tripled, leading to alarming increases in both type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD).

In fact, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention predict 1 in every 3 Americans born in 2000 will develop type 2 diabetes, while a recent study published in The Journal of Pediatrics found 40% of obese children already have 2 or more risk factors for CVD.

When a person consumes more calories than they use as energy, their body will store the extra calories as fat. This can lead to excess weight and obesity.

Also, some types of foods are more likely to lead to weight gain, especially those that are high in fats and sugars.

3. A complex problem

According to this study people living in communities with higher socioeconomic disadvantages are more likely to have higher BMI.

Other factors come into play such as age, race, smoking, physical activity, stress, and social support.

Because the evidence suggests that the determinants of obesity are multiple and multilevel, attempts to address this growing social problem will similarly require a multi-faceted and multilevel approach.

Obesity is as much a psychological as a physical problem.

Psychological issues can not only foreshadow the development of obesity, but they can also follow ongoing struggles to control weight.

Food is often used as a coping mechanism by those with weight problems, particularly when they are sad, anxious, stressed, lonely, and frustrated.

In many obese individuals, there appears to be a perpetual cycle of mood disturbance, overeating, and weight gain.

4. It’s about a lifestyle and an inner-battle.

Behavioral and/or cognitive therapy can be used as part of a program of lifestyle modification with diet and exercise for individuals who do not meet criteria for or do not want bariatric surgery.

According to these studies (1, 2) limiting mealtimes may increase exercise motivation.

The previously mentioned findings suggest that ghrelin may play an important role in the motivation for both feeding and exercise, in response to restricted eating plans.

We should also have in mind that a personalized program must be conceptualized departing from the lifestyle of the client, otherwise sustained results will perish after a short period of time.

However, there’s no such thing as the one variable that will get you lean.

You are more likely to stay with an activity if it's something you enjoy. If having people exercise with you is important, then join a class, club, or form your own group.

When working out with a partner, be sure to choose someone with a similar fitness level.

This soreness will pass as you continue to work the muscles. If you overdo it the first day, you may be so sore that it turns you off from exercising later. Intensity is important but safety comes first.

A good program incorporates aerobic, strength, and flexibility components. Try for all-around conditioning, not just one aspect.

5. Highlights

• Many factors play a role in the development of obesity. Genetic traits can increase the risk in some people.
• Physical activity need not be training in the gym. Physical work, walking or cycling, climbing stairs, and household tasks all contribute.
• Monitor your refined sugar intake. Scientists believe there is a link between high consumption of refined sugars and obesity and metabolic syndrome.
• Start right now! It seems that the more fat a person has, the more sLR11 their body will produce. The protein blocks the body's ability to burn fat, making it harder to shed the extra weight.
• Sleep like a baby or learn to do so. When a person does not sleep enough, their body produces ghrelin, a hormone that stimulates the appetite. At the same time, a lack of sleep also results in a lower production of leptin, a hormone that suppresses the appetite.
• Meditate or learn to do so. Obesity is a symptom of a more underlying deep-rotted problem.
• Get a mentor. People are more likely to get results if they are guided by experienced individuals.

What do you think?

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Edward Casanova, Fitness Coach at ZenFit

Bibliography:
  1. "A Brief History Of Fat, And Why We Hate It". 2019. Youtube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vinqph-g5QI
  2. "Fat". 2019. En.Wikipedia.Org. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fat.
  3. "Https://Www.Health.Com". 2019. Health. https://www.health.com/health/article/0,,20411723,00.html .
  4. "Https://Www.Health.Com". 2019. Health. https://www.health.com/obesity/childhood-obesity-poverty.
  5. "Journal Of Lancaster General Health - Behavioral And Psychological Factors In Obesity". 2019. Jlgh.Org. http://www.jlgh.org/Past-Issues/Volume-4---Issue-4/Behavioral-and-Psychological-Factors-in-Obesity.aspx .
  6. "Natural Bodybuilding: Become The Best Version Of Yourself | Mischa Janiec | Tedxhsg". 2019. Youtube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CR5krXHkr2I
  7. "Obesity". 2019. Sciencedaily. https://www.sciencedaily.com/terms/obesity.htm .
  8. "Obesity: What Is It And What Causes It?". 2019. Medical News Today. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/323551.php .
  9. EN, Robert. 2019. "A Multilevel Analysis Of Race, Community Disadvantage, And Body Mass Index Among Adults In The US. - Pubmed - NCBI". Ncbi.Nlm.Nih.Gov. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15474198 .
  10. Marker, Caroline, Timo Gnambs, and Markus Appel. 2019. "Exploring The Myth Of The Chubby Gamer: A Meta-Analysis On Sedentary Video Gaming And Body Mass". Social Science & Medicine, 112325. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2019.05.030.
  11. TED-Ed, YouTube. 2019. What Is Obesity? - Mia Nacamulli. Video. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-vNVG7XJpVE
  12. TEDx Talks, YouTube. 2019. Food For Thought: How Your Belly Controls Your Brain | Ruairi Robertson | Tedxfulbrightsantamonica. Video. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=awtmTJW9ic8
  13. TEDx Talks, YouTube. 2019. Winning The Mental Battle Of Physical Fitness And Obesity | Ogie Shaw | Tedxspokane. Video. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K60xHx836T0&t=12s
  14. Velickovic, Ksenija, Declan Wayne, Hilda Anaid Lugo Leija, Ian Bloor, David E. Morris, James Law, Helen Budge, Harold Sacks, Michael E. Symonds, and Virginie Sottile. 2019. "Caffeine Exposure Induces Browning Features In Adipose Tissue In Vitro And In Vivo". Scientific Reports 9 (1). doi:10.1038/s41598-019-45540-1.
  15. Yoon, Nan-He, and Soonman Kwon. 2014. "The Effects Of Community Environment Factors On Obesity Among Korean Adults: A Multi-Level Analysis". Epidemiology And Health, e2014036. doi:10.4178/epih/e2014036.
  16. You, Wenpeng, and Maciej Henneberg. 2016. "Meat Consumption Providing A Surplus Energy In Modern Diet Contributes To Obesity Prevalence: An Ecological Analysis". BMC Nutrition 2 (1). doi:10.1186/s40795-016-0063-9.
  17. "How Does Obesity Cause Cancer?". 2019. Youtube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kIxiI9eiAgk
  18. "Anti-Obesity Vaccine Reduces Food Consumption In Animals". 2019. Medicalxpress.Com. https://medicalxpress.com/news/2011-06-anti-obesity-vaccine-food-consumption-animals.html.
  19. "Exrx.Net : Starting On The Right Foot". 2019. Exrx.Net. https://www.exrx.net/ExInfo/StartingRight.
  20. "Ghrelin". 2019. En.Wikipedia.Org. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ghrelin.
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  23. "Obesity: What Is It And What Causes It?". 2019. Medical News Today. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/323551.php.

The health information on this site is provided as an information resource only and is not to be used or relied on for any diagnostic or treatment purposes. This information is not intended to be patient nor client education does not create any patient-coach relationship, and should not be used as a substitute for professional diagnosis and treatment. Please consult your health care provider, before making any healthcare decisions or for guidance about a specific medical condition. Edward Casanova shall have no liability, for any damages, loss, injury, or liability whatsoever suffered as a result of your reliance on the information contained in this site.

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Whilst being fat or obese might not be sexy for me, it is for some - but I don't FEEL sexy when I'm uncomfortable from carrying around that little bit of extra weight, that's for sure. I just always try to eat good food and make sure I exercise - I'll never be svelte, but so far that's worked for me. Luckily I was raised with some good understanding of diet and exercise, but others struggle a lot more - what a rewarding career you have!

thx man, always eager to motivate people. Especially the ones that need it the most.

Glad you came by, stay tuned for more posts

An interesting look-see at obesity and also a great sales pitch for a HUGELY important product-service. :) I think your post is excellent on the research and physical side, but in my experience obesity is almost always an EMOTIONAL condition. Really hoping we can have a LOT more content - also on @naturalmedicine - about obesity, metabolism and weight loss. In many ways the "Big is Beautiful" is right, but has sold us a lie - and being obese is dangerous, harmful and both reduces life quality and shortens lifespan.

I'm still a trim, fit and slim 68kg at almost 56 years of age (Im 187cm tall - 6 foot 2 inch) and never really "diet" to stay that way. It's a lifestyle that is learned. Appreciate having some good teachers out here on the frontlines of what could be argued is the western world's greatest health problem.

Have always been intrigued by your steem ID. :) Following you.

Thanks for the comment. I chose ZenFit (Zen Fitness) because of the oriental influence on my fitness philosophy, almost minimalist.

It's never about fancy pharmaceutical products for weight loss or miracle supplements, being fit should be as intuitive as going to take a shit.

The challenge is modifying our lifestyle considering the technological advances that are being done every day in order to make our life more efficient and less active (this is not about bashing technology, I'm in fact a progressist, but about finding the balance for each of us).

Indeed obesity is closely related to emotions, that's why changes will only last as long as the mind of the individual remains at higher awareness levels.

@ zen.fit excellent presentation very complete.
Obesity is a disease and must be treated as such, the obese should be aware of that and act responsibly.
I wish you a great day

absolutely and we should be helping them as well. as an obesity survivor, i know that shit plays with your mind. thx for coming by

Very concise article , thanks for the read

you welcome m8, working towards spreading science-based practical fitness education

A good write to start working on your body, and mind.

By the way, obesity is not a disease. It is a condition.

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you got that right, my bad. thx for the comment

Wow, this seems to be an exceptionally well researched post. It is certain well written. As for the content, I've been quite familiar with these things from my sister, who is a nutritionist and a bit of a health fanatic. I'm especially happy about seeing you mention psychological factors contributing to obesity.

yeah, don't know why with within all the fitness marketing realm almost nobody thinks about the perception of the mind.

almost like trying to get rid of a computer virus by switching the keyboard or screen. the problem is deeper and complex