Characteristics of cognitive processes sensation, perception / part 5/
Embracing the direction - is one of the most important elements of spatial differentiation. The direction in which we see the object is determined by the place of its image on the retina of the eye and the position of our body with respect to the surrounding objects. Direction can be perceived not only by the visual but also by the olfactory analysts; - perception of time - is a representation of the objective duration of the phenomena from reality. They are: perceptions of the sequence of phenomena - it is based on a clear distinction and the exchange of one phenomenon with others; perception of the duration of the phenomena - the underlying idea is the beginning and the end of the phenomena; perception of peace - reflects the rate at which the individual incentives of the process that takes place over time are changed; perception of rhythm - is any even alternative of incentives; - perception of motion - is a representation of the change in the position of objects in space.
The motion object's parameters are the speed, acceleration and direction of movement. Ways to obtain information about moving the objects are two - the immediate perception of the move, and - the conclusion of the movement of the object that was elsewhere in relation to other objects. Ways to obtain movement information through vision: Through a relatively fixed view - the moving object causes a rapid change of its image on the retina of the eye. When a person moves, and the subject - no, it is realized as a movement of its own; through subsequent eye movements - active, voluminous eye movement. The perceptions of motion are real and seeming. Stroboscopic effect - because of the inertia of the eye, the visual sensation does not occur immediately with the onset of the stimulus and does not disappear immediately with the end of the stimulus. The Mechanism of Cinema. The movement can also be perceived by the hearing analyst. Of course, it should be said that the perception of movement is a very complex process whose nature is not yet fully understood.
The concept can be defined as a representation in the form of an image of an object or a phenomenon in the person's mind, which does not affect at one time its sensory organs. The notion can also be defined as a secondary image in the system of mental cognitive processes. Images can be seen as a symbol of activity that helps one to recreate and therefore mentally manipulate the perceptual properties of the environment. Imagins are a system whose rules are rooted in perceptual knowledge. The image is a characteristic spatial panorama, concluding that the overall reproduction of the spatial structure of the object is not limited by the volume of the perceptual field, but extends beyond its limits. The notion is the degree of transition from perception to thinking. The dialectics of the sensory and the logical include the notion of the transition from the concrete to the abstract. From a structural point of view, the concepts are complex psychic processes, encompassing the whole variety of internal manifestations of reality, and in their composition are included signs and phenomena of reality that can not be revealed by themselves.