Some articles on Steemit have impressive USD figures shown below them. But what does this amount really mean?
In order to answer this question we need to distinguish between USD and Steem Dollars (also called Steem-Backed Dollars (SBD)). You will only receive Steem Dollars for your article and you can then convert those into USD using an exchange. We will explore how many Steem Dollars Authors receive per article and what value Steem Dollars have.
Amount of Steem Dollars per Article
The figure displayed below each post is not the amount of steem dollars that you will actually receive. The following shows how the shown amount is split.
Pay Your Curation Reward
The amount displayed is the dollar value of the combined rewards split between curators and the author. Author only gets 50%. Starting July 4th, authors get 75%.
While authors get a 75% guaranteed reward the rest goes to the curators. Curators are users which up-vote your article. However, due to a recent change in the curation reward algorithm authors will also get some of the curation reward. The amount of that an author receives from the curation reward is shown on steemd in the value
50:50 - Steem Dollars and Steem Power
After you deducted the curation reward the amount that you will receive is:
- 50% as Steem Dollars: Steem Dollar are supposed to have a 1:1 exchange rate to the USD. However, the actual exchange rate depends on various factors as outlined in the next section.
- 50% as Steem Power: Steem Power are like RSUs in the Steem platform and can over time be converted to STEEM
Value of Steem Dollars in USD
If an exchange were offering a Steem Dollar to Dollar conversion than this would likely be near 1 USD. Unfortunately, there exists no exchange for Steem Dollar to USD conversion. As a result the only way to liquidate Steem Dollar at the moment is to convert them to STEEM on the blockchain. STEEM is traded on exchanges and can eventually be converted to USD.
Steem Dollar -> STEEM
You can convert Steem Dollar to STEEM in two ways: Internal Market or BlockChain Conversion.
The internal market is the fairest solution if there is Steem Dollar/USD parity. The advantage is that there in not waiting period of 7 days and you know the price at which you convert. According to @dantheman the internal market has existed since launch and connects to the real blockchain.
A list of trusted witnesses publishes a feed of price information for STEEM to USD converions multiple times a day. If you want to convert Steem Dollar to STEEM then you will have to wait one week. At the end of this waiting period your Steem Dollars are converted to Steem based upon the average price.
Holding Steem Dollars
Holding Steem Dollars gives interest is advantageuos as it is higher than the USD interest rate. The current interest rate is specified on steemd in the value
sbd_interest_rate which is 10%
STEEM -> BitCoin -> USD
The process to convert STEEM to USD is outlined in various articles. The key part in terms of value depreciation is that you will need to pay commission and withdrawal fees to the exchange.
Example Calculation (July 7th and forward)
My first article on Steemit shows the pay-out
Steem Power : Steem Dollar
86 Steem Dollars (75%) for being author, This splits into
43 Steem Dollars and
43$ worth of Steem Power.
Steemd shows that my part in curation reward is
24.79%. This is
$7.10 worth of Steem Power. The rest goes to the curators.
Steem Power can only be converted to STEEM (and thus USD) over a longer period of time. They are similar to RSUs.
Steem Dollar to Steem Conversion
Option A) Blockchain Conversion Volatility
If I were to convert
43 Steem Dollars to USD then I would have to wait for 7 days according to the average of the price feed.
- Price rises (Average $0.35 / Final $0.40): I convert my steem to USD at $0.35 while the actual price is $0.40. I would receive about
- Price falls (Average $0.25 / Final $0.20): I convert my steem to USD at $0.25 while the actual price is $0.20. I would receive about
- Price is stagnant then I receive
Option B) Internal Market
When trading on the internal market than your conversion depends on the market price. If we assume a price STEEM/Steem Dollar such that it matches a 1:1 Steem Dollar/USD rate, then we will receive
$43. Risks are that there is an unfavourable conversion rate or not enough buy support.
We still have to deduct other costs such as commission and transfer costs. For example:
- Commission for STEEM to BTC conversion (e.g. 0.25%):
$0.05 – $0.08
- Possibly transfer BTC to a different exchange about
$0.01Bitcoin Transaction Fee
- Commission for BTC to USD conversion (e.g. 0.25%):
$0.05 – $0.08
- USD withdrawal fee (e.g. 0.1%):
$0.02 – $0.03
My pay-out of "$114.69" in Steem is:
- $50.10 worth of Steem Power AND
- A) Blockchain conversion ($0.10 volatility): ~$34.40 - $49.14 cash OR
- B) Internal Market (optimal exchange rate): ~$43.00 cash