Pocket Protocol

in pocket •  3 months ago

POCKET Protocol Specification

Please see the POCKET announcement on Steemit and the POCKET Genesis Post.


Introduction

The POCKET, or Proof Of Concept Electronic Token (the K is silent), is a sub-token designed to operate on the Steem blockchain and interact with its users through a simple set of commands which users can invoke via interfaces such as Steemit.com and Busy.org.

Users can transfer POCKET tokens from their account to any other Steem account by including a specially-formatted command in a Steem post (a comment operation). In order to provide incentives for third parties to maintain copies of the POCKET database, a small fee is taken from each transaction and is paid to the first Steem account which posts a confirmation of the validity of the transaction to the Steem blockchain. This confirmation is posted as a reply to the post which originated the transfer, thus providing users feedback about their actions and making the system useful without an explicit need for 3rd-party block explorers or local client software.

The protocol is designed to be as simple as possible while ensuring robust protections against double-spending.

Purpose of the Protocol

Any blockchain-based cryptocurrency must possess two conceptual elements: a consensus mechanism which generates a blockchain, and a deterministic protocol which translates a history of blockchain operations into record of "who owns what." In many ways, the first is the more difficult problem; however, we consider it to be sufficiently solved by the Steem blockchain. That is, we will consider the Steem blockchain to be an immutable history of messages.

Given the assumption of an immutable Steem blockchain, the POCKET protocol is a specification of the second part of the cryptocurrency problem: it is a deterministic protocol which translates the history of messages in the Steem blockchain into the state of the POCKET system. Users of POCKET can pass messages to the POCKET protocol by including them in properly-formatted Steem transactions.

Note that the POCKET protocol is not owned by anyone. It is not controlled by anyone. Participants in the POCKET system have implicitly agreed that the tokens defined by the protocol have meaning and possibly value; the tokens are not issued by any person or entity.

Database

The core of the POCKET database is a specification of which accounts control which tokens.

A small amount of auxiliary data is stored by the POCKET database as well, and this will be made clear in subsequent sections.

Account

A POCKET account has two properties:

  • name: String corresponding to the Steem account name which is associated with this Pocket account. A POCKET account name is considered valid if it adheres to the standard Steem account name specifications (i.e., in terms of allowed formats and characters).
  • balance: Non-negative integer storing the number of transferable POCKET tokens belonging to the account.

Throughout this document, the balance property of an account named account will be referenced as account.balance.

Pending Confirmations

Send Confirmations

When a valid POCKET send operation is executed, information about the operation is temporarily stored as a pending_confirmation. This information is then posted by a third-party back to the Steem blockchain as a means to confirm to the sender that the operation was successful, and provide some useful information. A pending_confirmation has the following properties:

  • identifier: "@author/permlink" string associated with the Steem post which included the original send command.
  • amount: integer amount of the original send.
  • from_account: sending account.
  1. to_account: receiving account.
  2. new_from_balance: Balance of sending account immediately after the send operation.
  3. new_to_balance: Balance of receiving account immediately after the send operation.
  4. fee: Fee reserved for the first account to post the confirmation information as a reply to the steem post identified by identifier.
  5. trxid: The Steem transaction ID associated with the exact comment operation which contained this send command.

Claim Confirmations

After a Steem account claims their POCKET stake during the genesis interval, they can request a confirmation that their stake was claimed. This is done by replying to the Genesis Post with a single word "confirm", as described later in this document. When this is done, the POCKET database must again record that a confirmation has been requested until the intended confirmation is posted. A genesis confirmation requires much less information to be stored than a send confirmation:

  • identifier: "@author/permlink" string associated with the Steem post which included the original confirm command.
  • account: account that requested genesis confirmation
  • fee: Fee reserved for the first account to post the confirmation information as a reply to the steem post identified by identifier.
  • trxid: The Steem transaction ID associated with the exact comment operation which contained this confirm command.

DB Activity State and Eligible accounts

At Steem block 1, POCKET is initialized to be inactive. When inactive, there exist no POCKET tokens, and thus no transfers are possible. Nonetheless, the Steem blockchain is still scanned by the POCKET protocol. During the inactivity period, all Steem accounts are monitored to determine their eligibility to receive POCKET tokens in the initial distribution. An account is considered eligible if, before POCKET activates, it has posted at least 5 comment operations to the Steem blockchain. There is no bonus for more, and no partial credits for less. Every time a comment operation by <author> is posted to the blockchain, <author>'s running total is incremented; when the total hits 5, <author> is eligible. The total is not decremented if <author> deletes a comment. Note that a comment operation that edits a previously-published post is considered a valid comment for purposes of eligibility. Votes, reblogs, follows, and any other type of transaction is irrelevant to determining eligibility.

Activating POCKET

POCKET becomes active when a special comment operation is included in the Steem blockchain with these properties:

  • author = biophil
  • title = genesis-pocket

Once published, this post is known as the "Genesis Post." Users of POCKET will interact with it to claim their tokens.

Note that the title of this post can be changed later, but its permlink will always remain genesis-pocket.

Miscellaneous

After an eligible account has claimed its POCKET stake, they may request exactly one confirmation of this stake. Thus, a list must be maintained of accounts that have not yet requested this confirmation.

POCKET Operations

An "operation" is defined as an interaction with the POCKET system that is accomplished by posting a comment (in most cases) to the Steem blockchain. These operations are designed in such a way that POCKET tokens can be transferred between accounts using nothing more than a typical Steem front-end such as steemit.com.

A "command" is (in most cases) defined as a string included in the body of a Steem comment. A "command" is parsed to form an "operation", a message which is passed to the POCKET database for validation.

There are two special operations that are only associated with the first 14 days of POCKET, also known as the "genesis interval":

  • genesis: This is a specialized operation that is executed only once by a single pre-specified account, and it "turns on" the POCKET system.
  • claim: This is how eligible POCKET accounts agree to participate in the POCKET protocol and receive their genesis stake of tokens.

Other than the two genesis-related operations, there are three core operations possible in the POCKET system:

  • send: This operation allows the owner of POCKET tokens to send them to another Pocket account.
  • confirm: This operation allows the owner of POCKET tokens to request a confirmation that they claimed their genesis stake. Each POCKET account is allowed exactly one confirm operation.
  • confirmation: This operation allows a database-maintainer to collect a fee for reporting the success of a POCKET send or confirm operation.

genesis operation

The genesis operation is executed exactly once ever. It is the signal to the POCKET database that POCKET has begun.

Command Syntax: The genesis operation is executed when the genesis account (biophil) publishes a top-level post with the title genesis-pocket.

  • author = biophil
  • title = genesis-pocket

Validity: If the database is inactive, then the genesis operation is valid. Otherwise, it is not.

Result: Upon execution of a valid genesis, the database state is switched to "active." The set of eligible accounts is frozen, and the record of accounts with 4 or less total Steem comment operations can be deleted as they are now positively confirmed to be ineligible.

The genesis account is granted a genesis credit (even if not technically eligible):

biophil.balance += 1000001

Finally, suppose genesis was executed in Steem block number genesis_block_num. Then a new field is added to the POCKET database called genesis_last_block and initialized to the value genesis_block_num + 403200. 403200 is the approximate number of Steem blocks that are processed in 14 days.

claim operation

The claim operation is special; it is the only POCKET operation that is executed by doing something other than commenting.

Command Syntax: To execute claim, an account account must reblog the POCKET genesis post. That is, submit a Steem custom_json transaction with json payload as follows:

["reblog",{"author":"biophil","permlink":"genesis-pocket"}]

Validity: The claim operation is valid if:

  1. The Genesis Post has been posted already; i.e., the database state is "active."
  2. The reblog command is included in a Steem block with number less than or equal to genesis_last_block.
  3. account posted 5 or more comment operations before the Genesis Post was first published (that is, account is "eligible" for genesis stake).
  4. account has not executed the claim operation before.

Result: If valid, claim results in a credit of the Genesis Stake to account. That is, the following database update:

account.balance += 1000001

account is now eligible to receive a single genesis confirmation.

send operation

A send operation executed by account from_account has two arguments:

  • amount: The number of tokens to be transferred.
  • to_account: The account the tokens are to be transferred to.

Command Syntax A send operation is submitted to the POCKET system by including a specially-formatted Steem comment operation into the Steem blockchain. Any comment is eligible to contain a send operation if its body begins with

pocketsend:amount@to_account

For example, if I want to send 1000 POCKET to account biophil, I post a comment (either top-level or reply to some other post) to Steem with body="pocketsend:1000@biophil" (where the quotation marks " indicate that this is a string, but are not to be included in the body itself).

Additionally, if a comma (",") is included immediately following to_account, everything following the comma is considered a "memo" and is not parsed by the POCKET validator. For example, the above command is equivalent to

pocketsend:1000@biophil,this part is a memo.

If a memo is desired, the comma must be included and there cannot be a space between to_account and the comma.

The proper format of a send command can be verified by matching the post body against the following regular expression:

^pocketsend:\d+@[a-z][a-z0-9\-.]{2,15}(,|$)

That is, "pocketsend:" followed by a non-empty integer, followed by "@", followed by valid account name, followed either by nothing or a "," and an arbitrary string.

In parsing the command, everything between the ":" and the "@" is recorded as amount, and everything between "@" and "," or "EOL" is recorded as to_account.

Validity: A send operation is considered valid (with respect to the current database state) if and only if amount>0 and from_account.balance >= amount. Note that POCKET does not check whether to_account is actually a registered Steem account; this allows for the "creation" of POCKET accounts whose tokens are not currently spendable, but would be made so if someone registers the associated name as a Steem account.

Result: If a send operation is valid, it results in the following database update:

  1. from_account.balance -= amount
  2. to_account.balance += amount - 1
  3. A new pending confirmation is added to the database, including the following information:
  • ident: The Steem post identifier (that is, @accountname/permlink) corresponding to the Steem post containing the original POCKET send message
  • trxid: The Steem transaction ID corresponding to the transaction in which the associated Steem post was included.
  • from_account
  • to_account
  • amount
  • new_from_balance: the new total balance of the receiving account, computed after the transaction (i.e., reflecting the send)
  • new_to_balance: the new total balance of the sending account, again computed after the transaction
  • fee: the fee reserved for the confirming account

confirm operation

A confirm operation executed by account account has no arguments.

Command Syntax

A confirm operation is submitted to the POCKET system by including a specially-formatted Steem comment operation into the Steem blockchain. The comment operation must have parent_permlink equal to the genesis permlink (genesis-pocket), parent_author equal to the genesis account (biophil), and the body must be exactly equal to

confirm.

Validity

To be valid, the following two conditions must be met:

  1. account must have claimed their POCKET genesis stake.
  2. account must not have executed a confirm operation yet.

That is, you can only confirm after you claim genesis, and you cannot confirm more than once.

Result If valid, confirm results in the following database update:

  1. account.balance -= 1
  2. A new pending confirmation is added to the database, including the following information:
  • ident: The Steem post identifier (that is, @accountname/permlink) corresponding to the Steem post containing the original POCKET confirm message
  • trxid: The Steem transaction ID corresponding to the transaction in which the associated Steem post was included.
  • account
  • fee: the fee reserved for the confirming account

confirmation operation for send

In the following, we will assume the database contains a pending_confirmation object called pc. A confirmation operation associated with pc executed by account confirmer has these arguments:

  • identifier
  • amount
  • from_account
  • to_account
  • new_from_balance
  • new_to_balance
  • fee
  • trxid

Command Syntax

A proper confirmation command is posted to the Steem blockchain as a reply to the post identified by pc.identifier. That is, the confirmation command is included in the body of a comment with parent_author = pc.from_account and parent_permlink obtained from pc.identifier. The body of the comment, properly formatted, is given by (every line, including the last, ends with a linefeed \n character):

Successful Send of pc.amount
Sending Account: pc.from_account
Receiving Account: pc.to_account
New sending account balance: pc.new_from_balance
New receiving account balance: pc.new_to_balance
Fee: pc.fee
Steem trxid: pc.trxid

The command is considered properly formatted if the body of its associated comment matches the following regular expression:

^Successful Send of \d+\nSending Account: [a-z][a-z0-9\-.]{2,15}\nReceiving Account: [a-z][a-z0-9\-.]{2,15}\nNew sending account balance: \d+\nNew receiving account balance: \d+\nFee: \d+\nSteem trxid: [a-f0-9]{40}\n

Note that any arbitrary string is allowed after the final LF \n character, which allows confirmers to include other valuable information if desired.

Validity: A confirmation operation op is considered valid if there is a pending_confirmation object pc in the database to which op exactly corresponds. That is, op must meet the following criteria:

  1. The Steem transaction op.trxid must include the comment operation resulting in the associated send command.
  2. The command resulting in op must be in the body of a reply to pc.identifier.
  3. op.amount = pc.amount
  4. op.from_account = pc.from_account
  5. op.to_account = pc.to_account
  6. op.new_from_balance = pc.new_from_balance
  7. op.new_to_balance = pc.new_to_balance
  8. op.fee = pc.fee
  9. op.trxid = pc.trxid

Result: If a confirmation operation is valid, it results in the following database update:

  1. confirmer.balance += op.fee
  2. Pending confirmation pc is removed from the database.

confirmation operation for confirm

The setup for posting a confirmation to a confirm operation is much simpler. In the following, we will assume the database contains a pending_confirmation object called pc. A confirmation operation associated with pc executed by account confirmer has these properties:

  • identifier
  • account
  • fee
  • trxid

Command Syntax

A proper confirmation command is posted to the Steem blockchain as a reply to the post identified by pc.identifier. That is, the confirmation command is included in the body of a comment with parent_author = pc.account and parent_permlink obtained from pc.identifier. The body of the comment, properly formatted, begins with (note that every line, including the last, ends with a linefeed \n character):

Success! You claimed a genesis stake of 1000001.
trxid:pc.trxid

Note that any arbitrary string is allowed after the final LF \n character, which allows confirmers to include other valuable information if desired.

Validity: A confirmation operation op is considered valid if there is a pending_confirmation object pc in the database to which op exactly corresponds. That is, op must meet the following criteria:

  1. The Steem transaction op.trxid must include the comment operation resulting in the inclusion of this confirm operation associated with pc.identifier in the Steem blockchain.
  2. The command resulting in op must be in the body of a reply to pc.identifier.
  3. op.account = pc.account
  4. op.trxid = pc.trxid

Result: If a confirmation operation is valid, it results in the following database update:

  1. confirmer.balance += op.fee
  2. Pending confirmation pc is removed from the database.

delete_confirmation operation

It may happen that a POCKET user wishes to send tokens, but does not wish to pay the associated fee for the confirmation. If this is the case, the sender may execute the send command in a post, and then immediately execute the Steem delete_comment operation on the associated post. The original post's data will be included in the blockchain, so the send operation will be considered valid, but because the post will have been deleted there will be no way to post a reply to confirm the send. In this case, POCKET credits the associated fee to the receiving account.

Command Syntax: Every Steem delete_comment, denoted del_comm, operation must be checked for validity as a POCKET delete_confirmation operation, denoted del_conf. This operation has a single property, identifier, which is equal to the identifier associated with del_comm.

Validity:
Operation del_conf is considered valid if there exists one or more pending_confirmation objects in the POCKET database with identifier = del_conf.identifier.

Result: If a del_conf operation is valid, let pending_confs denote the set of pending_confirmation objects in the POCKET database such that for all pc in pending_confs, pc.identifier == del_conf.identifier. Note that an identifier can be associated with more than one send operation because the POCKET protocol does not distinguish between newly-posted comments and edited comments.

The result of del_conf is

for pc in pending_confs :
    pc.to_account.balance += pc.fee
    delete pc from database
end_for

Note for confirm operations:

All of the above applies as well for POCKET accounts who delete their confirm posts. If a post containing a confirm request is deleted before its associated confirmation can be posted, then the associated pending confirmation is also deleted. In this case, the fee is returned to the original account.

The POCKET Protocol in pseudocode

### Database initialization
DB.active = False
DB.eligible_accounts = empty    # this will be populated with author account names


### Constants
C.GENESIS_ACCOUNT = biophil
C.GENESIS_TITLE = genesis-pocket
C.GENESIS_PERMLINK = genesis-pocket
C.GENESIS_CREDIT = 1000001
C.GENESIS_INTERVAL = 403200
C.FEE = 1

for STEEM operation op in block :
    if DB.active == False :
        if op is comment com :
            if com.author == C.GENESIS_ACCOUNT :
                if com.title == C.GENESIS_TITLE :
                    DB.active = True
                    DB.gensis_last_block = 403200
                    DB.GENESIS_ACCOUNT.balance += C.GENESIS_CREDIT
            if com.author not in DB.eligible_accounts :
                if com.author has posted fewer than 4 comments, add 1 to its comment count
                else if com.author has posted exactly 4 comments, add com.author to DB.eligible_accounts
    else if DB.active == True :
        if op is comment com :
            # watch for genesis confirmation requests and send transactions
            if (com.parent_author == C.GENESIS_ACCOUNT) & (com.parent_permlink == C.GENESIS_PERMLINK) : # i.e., comment is a reply to the genesis post
                if com.body == ‘confirm’ :
                    if DB.(com.author).needs_genesis_confirmation == True :
                        DB.pending_confirmations.add(confirmation info)
                    DB.(com.author).needs_genesis_confirmation = False
            if com.body.startswith(‘pocketsend:’) :
                if com.body parses to a send operation (to to_account) and com.author has sufficient balance :
                    DB.(com.author).balance -= send amount
                    DB.to_account.balance += send amount – C.FEE 
                    DB.pending_confirmations.add(confirmation info)
            # watch for send/genesis confirmations
            if com.parent_identifier is in DB.pending_confirmations :
                if com.body parses as the correct confirmation message :
                    remove this pending confirmation from DB.pending_confirmations
        if op is delete_comment :
            if deleted comment is associated with one or more pending confirmations :
                for each associated send confirmation, delete the pending confirmation and credit the fee to the receiving account
                for each associated genesis-confirm confirmation, delete the pending confirmation and credit the fee to the original account
        if block <= DB.genesis_last_block :
            if op is reblog :
                if post being reblogged is genesis post :
                    if reblogger is in DB.eligible_accounts :
                        DB.reblogger.balance += C.GENESIS_CREDIT
                        DB.reblogger.needs_genesis_confirmation = True
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pocketsend:1@postpromoter

Great experiment, thats what I like about steemit, lots of side projects that are built and building on the protocol.

·

I agree about this. Much project build on the right track

This is so freaking cool to see. Well done, Phil! I love seeing innovation experiments on the STEEM blockchain.

Thx, great idea, experiment.

Una traducción de lo esencial para la comunidad de habla hispana.
https://steemit.com/spanish/@rojassartorio/token-pocket-lanzamiento

·

¡Muchas Gracias! Leí su post y voy a enviar fichas.

Awesome

that is an awesome project! i am just starting to get my head through it, but the simplicity to use it is an amazing approach!

·

Thanks! It was pretty fun to build. And I'm learning a lot, which is kind of the point.

wow...great post...tnx for the information

I'm still grasping what exactly a Pocket Token actually IS. Here's the closet thing I could find, if it could be translated into english:

A sub-token designed to operate on the Steem blockchain and interact with its users through a simple set of commands which users can invoke via interfaces such as Steemit.com and Busy.org.

Ok, so I have 1,000,000 POCKET Tokens. Now what? What can I do with them? @ironshield

·

What can I do with them?

At the moment? You can send them to someone else. I guess you could send them to yourself, if you're into that kind of thing. But we'll have to see what the community comes up with.

Oh, you could run a confirmer account like @pocket-a and collect fees. That's actually a pretty important thing to do with pocket.

·
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I read your post announcing Pocket and it cleared things up quite a bit. https://steemit.com/pocket/@biophil/pocket-announcement

I was curious about something. You said the first account to confirm a transaction gets the fee. Right now that seems pretty straight forward but if it becomes successful and say there are 200 confirmers running a large number of them are all going to try to confirm at exactly the same time. So that would mean 199 useless messages posted to the blockchain or am I missing something there.

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Yeah, that would be a mess, wouldn't it? Maybe by then we'll decide that pocket needs an upgrade to a better system.

damn i am sadly too late but it sounds nice

·

pocketsend:501@bitcurrencies, well here are a few tokens anyway.

·
·

Successful Send of 501
Sending Account: biophil
Receiving Account: bitcurrencies
New sending account balance: 1259902
New receiving account balance: 500
Fee: 1
Steem trxid: 69913b46e5ae9798d11e0d500001902817b6670e
Thanks for using POCKET! I am a confirmer bot for fun, view my source confirmer code here. Don't know what a POCKET Token is? Here is a link to the official announcement post.

·
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pretty cool thx i check

I'll be very interested to see how successful this experiment is and how far it goes.

Please continue to keep us posted.

boinc
Courtesy of @joshoeah

Perhaps I'm misunderstanding something because I'm new here, but why create a sub-currency on top of a blockchain that already has a currency? Why not just use the native currency?

Edit: I understand how Dapps built on top of blockchains can have their own tokens and whatnot, but I guess I'm just wondering what Pocket is supposed to do that Steem doesn't already do. If you're just using it to transfer value, why not just tip people w/SBD? This isn't a knock on the idea, I'm just trying to understand what I'm not comprehending.

·

I did it because it's a simple Dapp that people would already understand. The point of Pocket is threefold:

  1. Show that it can be done, particularly without the involvement of anybody at Steemit
  2. Learn what to do, what not to do (etc.) with subchains.
  3. Have fun trying out a cool project.

Not really intending to change the world with Pocket per se; but I'm hoping it will inspire and spawn some really interesting stuff.

·
·

Cool, makes sense. Thank you.

pocketsend:1000@biophil, thanks for creating pockets :)

·

Successful Send of 1000
Sending Account: slavix
Receiving Account: biophil
New sending account balance: 999000
New receiving account balance: 978749
Fee: 1
Steem trxid: 4b25afa8687cd91686f61e727fcbf81123e5f8b2
Thanks for using POCKET! I am running this confirmer code.

·
·

pocketsend:1000@lovejoy, I am trying out new tokens that can be transferred with messages.
Claim your 1 million of POCKETs by resteeming post at https://steemit.com/pocket/@biophil/genesis-pocket
before it gets 14 days old.

·
·
·

Successful Send of 1000
Sending Account: slavix
Receiving Account: lovejoy
New sending account balance: 998000
New receiving account balance: 999
Fee: 1
Steem trxid: 829abfe7a70df8f4f56b4da7693b306ec76ee6ef
Thanks for using POCKET! I am running this confirmer code.

is there any wallet for this token ?
really ....

confirm

Beautiful my beloved friend

·

Successful Send of 1000
Sending Account: bless
Receiving Account: biophil
New sending account balance: 999001
New receiving account balance: 978658
Fee: 1
Steem trxid: 3f3ca1037e108e04b68f86817bba3128d03180c5
Thanks for using POCKET! I am running this confirmer code.

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hi nice post very informative..