Getting ready for my Chinese proficiency test! # 1

in whale-academy •  3 months ago  (edited)


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It finally is time to test all the hard work made the last year mastering Mandarin Chinese! There is a little more than one month left for my proficiency test. Thus I will start posting my daily progress reviewing the vocabulary and key grammatical features that I have to master for July 13th challenge.

The learning material of this series can be found in the HSK4 textbook (汉语水平考试四级课本)。


Unit 1 & 2 of 20

Vocabulary

  • Nouns: 法律,印象,性格,生活,缺点,爱情,星星,原因,脾气,平时,短信,聚会,友谊,周围,镜子
  • Verbs: 熟悉,开玩笑,适合,够,接受,羡慕,加班,亮,感动,吸引,适应,交,逛,联系,毕业,麻烦,丰富,交流,理解,困难,陪
  • Adjectives: 深,共同,幸福,浪漫,幽默,真正,无聊,讨厌
  • Adverbs: 从来,最好,刚,自然,互相,正好,差不多,专门,好像,重新,却,及时
  • Conjunctions: 不仅,即使,尽管,而
  • Preposition:
  • Classifier:

Grammar points

  • The conjunction 不仅 is used in the first clause of a sentence, often followed by 而/还/而且 in the second clause, indicating a further meaning in addition to what has been said in the first clause. 不仅 is written after the subject if the two clauses share the same subject and are written before the subject when the first and second clause has different subjects.

    例如:她不仅每天努力工作,而且对她说话的人总是很善良。


  • The adverb 从来 indicates that something has remained unaltered from the initial point to the present, it is often used in negative sentences.

    例如:从来他不喜欢晚睡觉。

    The adverb 刚 indicates that an action took place not long ago, it is used after the subject and before the verb.

    There is a similar structure (刚才) and it is necessary to emphasize their similarities and differences: 刚 can only be used after the subject and before the verb since it is an adverb; 刚才 is a temporal noun and it can be placed either before or after the subject. 刚 can be preceded by a temporal noun or can be followed by a word of duration; 刚才 cannot. 刚 cannot be used alongside with a negative word while 刚才 can.

    例如:你阿姨刚才出去商店麦写东西。


  • The conjunction 即使 is used in the first clause of a sentence coordinating with 也 in the second clause. It indicates a hypothetical concession or something that has already happened or been in existence.

    例如:每天早上都你要练习语法和发音,还即使只十几个汉字你也要学会些生词。


  • The noun locality 上 is used after another noun to indicate "the surface of an object" or "within a certain scope regarding certain aspect".

    例如:桌子上的饮料是我在回家的路上买的。


  • 正好 can be used as an adjective to mean "just right", indicating a certain condition (in terms of location, time, position, size, quantity or degree) is met.

    正好 can also be used as an adverb to mean that "it is the right time or opportunity to do something".

    例如:非常感谢你,你正好来了,突然我眼镜找不到,麻烦你帮助我一下。


  • 差不多 can be used as an adjective to mean "approximate" and "without much difference".

    差不多 can also be used as an adverb to indicate being close in terms of degree, scope, time, distance or quantity.

    There is another similar structure (几乎), let's see their differences: 差不多 can be used right before a monosyllabic adjective, while before or after 几乎 there must be other words. 差不多 can proceed numeral-classifier compound to express proximity to a quantity, 几乎 has not such usage. 差不多 can also be used as an adjective to serve as the predicate, in such a case it indicates being similar and without much difference. 几乎 can is often used when something undesirable almost happened, yet finally it didn't; 差不多 cannot be used in this way.

    例如:这件事你几乎忘了,那你马上再给他发一条短信。


  • The conjunction 尽管 is often used in the first clause of a sentence to state a fact, then it is usually preceded by one of the following coordinating words 但是,可是,却,还是 in the second clause which introduce a result that won't occur under normal circumstances.

    例如:尽管不认真的人很多,我还是相信每个人能够成为对社会有用的人。


  • The adverb 却 is often used to indicacte a transition in meaning in a softer tone.

    例如:虽然每天都你忙努力工作,你却应该锻炼身体。


  • The conjuction 而 can be used to connect two coordinating clauses. It can also be used to indicate an adversative relation.

    例如:我认为最重要的事就是尊重和与被尊重而理解和被理解。

Word Count 62 / Grammar points 9

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Wow! You seem to be doing great!
I tried my hand at languages several years ago and remember that everybody moaned that Mandarin is very difficult.
So I avoided it.
Well done here!

I hope it might end well for me the day I get the results from the test. Thank you for your kind words. Later I will post today's practice.

amazing work with the language Joel.

Hopefully I can make a great celebration post on July 13th after I successfully approve the exam with highest possible score. Thank you for encouraging me :)

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Cómo vas con el mandarín?

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