How to Increase Student Activity in the Classroom [Billingual]

in steemiteducation •  2 months ago


As we have explained from the beginning, that teachers have a very important role in living the learning environment. Teachers as motivators must be able to build interaction with their students. In this case the teacher has the duty to be able to attract sympathy from his students. Method after method may need to be applied to support more effective learning to achieve educational goals.

What's more in Indonesia, the implementation of the 2013 Curriculum has driven the role of the teacher to be able to make the learning atmosphere more active. This achievement can be obtained if there is an active nature of students. Because student activity is a very important factor in achieving educational goals. One of the forms carried out by the government in achieving this is the 2013 curriculum.

2013 curriculum is a form of renewal of the education system to increase student activity in the classroom. In achieving this, of course, the optimal role of teachers is needed to make students more active in participating in classrooms. Although there are several obstacles in implementing the 2013 curriculum as a whole, however, it is not a significant problem. Because the achievement of the education system is not merely focused on the curriculum.

To be able to raise the students' sensitivity in the classroom is certainly needed a systematic concept. Teachers must be able to develop approaches to approaches with their students. In achieving this goal, maybe the following steps can be a new guide for the teacher.

1. There is an Intergroup Discussion Activity

The method of adopting the concept of discussion as usual. In learning discussion activities will be very effective to be applied to generate student learning spirit. Thus, this method will provoke the activeness of students in the classroom. The teacher must encourage students to run the discussion process to run smoothly. All students can be pressured to express their opinions to their friends. This method will also build students' way of thinking critically.

2. The existence of practical activities in the field

Not all learning must take place in the classroom, some subject matter must be supported by practical activities. For example, in analyzing the life of grasshoppers, it would require observations to be made outdoors. With practicum activities, students are required to be able to actively search for sources so that they can solve problems given by the teacher. In order to achieve success in practicum activities, of course students will be more active to ask both the teacher and his friends. With practicum activities, gradually the teacher has increased student activity.

3 Combining Discussion with the Question and Answer Method

Increasing student activity can be built by combining these two methods. In discussion activities make sure there is a question and answer activity between their fellow students. This question and answer activity can be done after the activity in the last session of the discussion. Try to open a question session both after the discussion and during normal learning. Make students provoked to ask questions about a problem being studied. The teacher can also require students to ask questions. The teacher does not have to have to answer the question directly, ask for help from other students to first answer questions from his friends. In the end the teacher will conclude it into a complete answer.

We can openly see that the renewal of the education system is an effort to improve the quality of education. Education now requires a goal to improve insight, technology, and improve intellectual quality. By applying the method above will be able to produce generations of students who are active, brave, and stimulate the performance of thinking patterns.



[INDONESIA]

Seperti yang sudah kita jelaskan sejak awal, bahwa guru memiliki peran yang sangat penting dalam menghidupkan susasana pembelajaran. Guru sebagai motivator harus dapat membangun interaksi dengan siswanya. Dalam hal ini sudah menjadi tugas guru untuk mampu menarik simpati dari siswanya. Metode demi metode mungkin perlu diterapkan untuk menunjang pembelajran yang lebih efektif guna mencapai tujuan pendidikan.

Terlebih lagi di Indonesia, penerapan Kurikulum 2013 telah menggerakkan peran guru untuk dapat membuat suasana belajar menjadi lebih aktif. Pencapaian tersebut akan dapat diperoleh bila adanya sifat keaktifan dari siswa. Karena keaktifan siswa merupakan salah satu faktor yang sangat penting dalam mencapai tujuan pendidikan. Salah satu wujud yang dilakukan oleh pemerintah dalam mencapai hal tersebut adalah dengan diterapkan kurikulum 2013.

Kurikulum 2013 merupakan suatu bentuk pembaharuan sistem pendidikan untuk meningkatkan keaktifan siswa di dalam kelas. Dalam mencapai hal ini tentunya dibutuhkan peran guru yang lebih optimal untuk membuat siswanya menjadi lebih aktif dalam mengikuti pembelajaran di ruang kelas. Meskipun terdapat beberapa kendala dalam menerapkan kurikulum 2013 secara keseluruhan namun, hal tersebut bukanlah menjadi suatu masalah yang berarti. Karena pencapaian sistem pendidikan bukan semata hanya terfokus kepada kurikulum.

Untuk dapat membangkitkan kektifan siswa di dalam kelas tentunya dibutuhkan suatau konsep yang tersistematika. Guru harus dapat membangun pendekatan demi pendekatan dengan siswanya. Dalam mencapai tujuan tersebut mungkin saja beberapa kangkah berikut ini bisa menjadi pedoman baru guru.

1. Adanya Kegiatan Diskusi Antar Kelompok

Metode menganut konsep diskusi seperti biasanya. Dalam pembelajaran kegiatan diskusi akan sangat efektif diterapkan untuk membangkit semangat belajar siswa. Dengan demikian, metode ini akan memancingkan memancing keaktifan siswa di dalam kelas. Guru harus mendorong siswa unntuk menjalankan proses diskusi agar berjalan dengan lancar. Seluruh siswa bisa ditekan untuk dapat mengemukakan pendapat mereka kepada temannya. Metode ini juga akan membangun cara berpikir siswa secara kritis.

2. Adanya Kegiatan Praktikum di Lapangan

Tidak semua pembelajaran harus berlangsung di dalam kelas, beberapa materi pelajaran harus didukung dengan kegiatan praktikum. Misalnya saja dalam menganalisa tentang kehidupan belalang, tentu dibutuhkan pengamatan yang akan dilakukan di luar ruangan. Dengan adanya kegiatan praktikum, siswa dituntut untuk dapat aktif mencari sumber agar dapat memecahkan masalah yang diberikan oleh guru. Agar tercapainya keberhasilan dalam kegiatan praktikum, tentu juga siswa akan lebih aktif untuk bertanya baik kepada guru maupun temannya. Dengan adanya kegiatan praktikum, secara bertahap guru telah meningkat keaktifan siswa.

3. Menggabungkan Diskusi Dengan Metode Tanya Jawab

Meningkat keaktifan siswa dapat dibangun dengan menggabungkan dua mertode ini. Dalam kegaiatan diskusi pastikan ada terjadinya aktivitas tanya jawab antara mereka sesama siswa. Kegiatan tanya jawab ini dapat dilakukan setelah kegiatan pada sese terakhir dari kegiatan diskusi. Cobalah untuk membuka sesi tanya baik setelah diskusi maupun saat pembelajaran biasa. Buatlah agar siswa terpancing untuk bertanya terhadap suatu masalah yang sedang dipelajari. Guru juga dapat menghendaki agar siswa diwajibkan untuk bertanya. Guru tidak mesti harus langsung menjawab pertanyan, mintalah bantuan dari siswa lain untuk terlebih dahulu menjawab pertanyaandari temannya. Pada akhirnya guru akan menyimpulkannya menjadi suatu jawaban yang lengkap.

Secara terbuka kita dapat melihat bahwa pembaharuan sistem pendidikan adalah sebagai suatu upaya untuk meningkatkan kualitas pendidikan. Pendidikan saat ini telah menghendaki sebauah tujuan untuk meningkatkan wawasan, teknologi, dan peningkatan kualitas intelektual. Dengan menerapkan metode di atas akan dapat menghasilkan generasi peserta didik yang aktif, berani, dan merangsang kinerja pola berpikir.


Posted from my blog with SteemPress : http://ponpase.com/2018/10/07/how-to-increase-student-activity-in-the-classroom/

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