Conversion Does Dot Follow The SBD Design

in #steem3 years ago (edited)

SBD will never be worth $1 USD

I tried the conversion with a small value. To try the process, I changed some STEEM to SBD using the internal market and converted it, waiting 3.5 days.

Here is some information about SBD and a report of the experience.

What is a conversion?

Conversion is a way to change SBD to STEEM.

What is Steem Dollar?

By design, Steem Backed Dollar (SBD) is a token that is meant to be worth $1 USD. Its value is more stable compared to STEEM. A Steem Dollar is a promise to pay one USD dollar worth of STEEM when it's redeemed.

Creation of SBD

The unique way to create more SBD is through the content creation.

Destruction of SBD

There are 2 ways to destroy SBD

  • burn it
  • convert it

Burning SBD

Burning is sending SBD to @null. You can put an @author/permlink in memo to promote a post.

Converting SBD

Conversion is a process during 3.5 days that destroys the SBD and creates new STEEM worth $1 USD.

Screenshot  20.10.2019  19:58:14.png

The rate of conversion is calculated using the price in the market. If STEEM course is at 10 cents, one Steem Dollar could be redeemed for 10 STEEM. When STEEM is at 2 USD, a Steem Dollar would redeem for 0.5 STEEM. In this order its price tries to be stable and pegged to 1 USD.

A Steem Dollar is a promise to pay one dollars worth of Steem when it's redeemed.

If the price of SBD is less than 1 USD, the people can redeem it for Steem worth in 1 USD. In this order, its price will rise.


The price of SBD

The price is published by the witnesses. The price redeemed by conversion is normally different from SBD price on the market due to speculation.

In August 2017 it lowered to $0.8 USD, in December 2017 it raised to $12 USD. Now it is very low at $0.69 USD.

The experiment

I tried the conversion to make the price rise. Additionally, I should make a profit if the price of STEEM or SBD do not change significantly during these 3.5 days.

I sold 0.123 STEEM for 0.024 SBD on the internal market and converted it.
Screenshot  17.10.2019  19:39:23.png

3.5 days later, I received only 0.117 STEEM, loosing 4.8%.
Screenshot  17.10.2019  19:40:42.png

I was paid $0.68 USD worth of STEEM instead of $1 USD

The prices on Coinmarketcap the 17th October at 01:29:
1 SBD $0.687120
1 STEEM $0.141205

0.117 STEEM at $0.141205 is worth $0.016521. I received $0.016521 for 0.024 SBD.

False promise

A Steem Dollar is a promise to pay one USD dollar worth of STEEM when it's redeemed.

The promise to pay one USD worth of Steem when it's redeemed is false.

What is the point here? Why wasn't I be paid at the rate of $1 USD per SBD?

This way SBD will never be worth $1 USD


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You did not need to do this experiment. The peg to 1 USD is only supported if the debt ratio is below 10% of the virtual supply. If the debt ratio exceeds 10% then the haircut rule is enforced.

Thank you for the link to this good explanation.

Current supply: 7,456,172 SBD (
Virtual supply: 328,833,197 STEEM (
STEEM price: $0.138619 USD (

The debt ratio:
7,456,172 / ( 328,833,197 x 0.138619 ) = 0.163575
The debt ratio is 16.36%. Is my calculation right?

Is there still a mechanism to keep SBD price near to $1 USD when the dept ratio is over 10%?

The existence of SBD is pointless if the regulation works only in a stable or bull market.

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