The importance of educational psychology
The importance of educational psychology
Is educational psychology a theoretical and applied branches at one of the branches of general psychology , which is defined as the study and understanding of the behavioral patterns of individuals in different educational situations, where he is interested in studies psychological psychological theory and how to turn them into action and practical steps in the educational field group, ie the application of the laws and principles of psychology in the educational aspects, adapted to the educational environment in which they relate to the effective upbringing of positive and influential, so as to raise the level of capabilities and competencies, skills and personalities of the student group involved in the process Altali Yeh.
Educational psychology focuses on the elements of the educational process, in addition to the processes of learning and education. It can also be defined as understanding the educational syllabuses, studies and scientific understanding of the human behaviors that appear during the educational process. In addition, psychology provides methods, methods and therapeutic strategies to solve educational problems General and problems related to the field of education in particular. 
Topics Educational Psychology
Different topics educational psychology according to scientists and researchers in it, and the emergence of differences in their views of history, and attributed the multiplicity of subjects educational psychology to the diversity and the different problems that may occur during the learning process and learning, and outcomes resulting from them, researchers and scientists collecting topics of psychology The most frequent educational and scientific literature and psychological, and these topics: 
Knowledge and understanding of developmental characteristics in all its aspects; physical, emotional, moral, social and cognitive.
Modern and effective methods and methods of teaching, as well as control of educational situations in different educational environments.
IQ tests and mental abilities that measure students' abilities and mental abilities, as well as ways to understand personality traits and patterns.
Methods and conditions for the establishment of psychological and educational tests , and the principles and bases for the development of tests of achievement through effective methods that confirm the achievement of the goal of the educational process.
Social and interactive life that arises between students and between students and teachers.
Educational theories that deal with the process of learning, scientific methods of learning process and measurement, and factors affecting them negatively and positively.
The process of social and school adjustment in the educational environment of individuals, in addition to the mental health of students and their levels during the educational process .
The importance of educational psychology
Learning and learning processes are complex processes, where the teacher needs continuous and continuous development of his or her educational skills and teaching methods to suit general and specific educational goals, to achieve these goals and to ensure that the educational process is successful in performing them.
The educational psychology benefits from the experiences of psychologists and their experiences in the field of education and education, in order to develop unique theories of learning and methods, and to present the basic principles and laws for the application of these theories, and show the importance and role of educational psychology through the placement of tests of psychological measurement and educational and educational, and taking into account individual differences between the student groups In different stages, and it is possible to mention the importance of educational psychology through the following points:   
To enrich the teacher with the laws and fundamentals of the theories that explain the educational process and control them, in order to apply them scientifically and objectively in the school environment and classroom , and provide these theories possible suggestions for some problems that may be exposed to the teacher or student during different educational situations.
The most important information and skills provided by educational psychology to the educational staff; exclusion and exclusion of educational theories and opinions based on personal impressions and inaccurate and subjective observations. Some of these opinions were based on personal experiences and subjective viewpoints and often contradict the foundations of facts and theories Scientific, and evaluate these theories by subjecting them to scientific research organized educational and thoughtful.
Provide assistance to individuals in charge of the educational process, in order to identify the inputs and elements of the educational process, such as the characteristics of the learners and the educational environment, and their outputs from evaluation and measurement tools, and educational and educational tests. Provide the teacher with the skills of scientific description, and the theoretical understanding of the educational process of education, and this through the achievement of the goals of general educational psychology of understanding the educational process and its components, and predict their output, and try to control.
To instruct the teaching staff to take advantage of the relevant psychological theories in the process of growth and developmental characteristics that follow the age stages, in addition to studying the learning motivations, mental skills, intelligence, thinking, remembering and problem solving to understand the mechanism of learning and teaching , Appropriate in all these areas.
To provide the teacher with a foundation of the correct rules and laws of the theories of learning and education, which enables him to choose the applications of psychological psychological principles and their suitability to a particular educational position, so that the teacher to assess the appropriate method according to the school environment and psychological characteristics of the teacher and student.
To help the teacher in determining the strengths and weaknesses in the mechanism of the work of the educational process and its results, and thus highlights the importance of studying the factors affecting the success or failure of the educational process and the achievement of its objectives. The most important of these factors: methods and strategies of learning and suitability for the categories of students, The student's personality, social circumstances and level of mental and cognitive maturity, as well as the amount of motivation for the learning process. The general and emotional atmosphere of the classroom has a great impact on the functioning of the educational process correctly and effectively. Rai, which was touched by educational psychology with theoretical and applied scientific research.
Educational psychology offers strategies and methods that will help the teacher to understand the student's psychology and psychology through the development of educational curricula in the light of the students' abilities and aptitudes so as not to overload them and to research the psychological problems facing the student at different age levels. To research the motivation of students to the process of learning and employment to reach students to the stage of acceptance and positive interaction , and thus to achieve the success of the educational process.
1- ↑ Virtue Mqran, Karima Siam, Abdel Rahim Balaroussi, Educational Psychology , page 2.5.
2- ↑ Abdul Majid Nashwati (2003), Educational Psychology (4th Edition), Amman: Dar Al Furqan Publishing and Distribution, p.
3- ↑ "The importance of educational psychology for the teacher" , University of Babylon - Faculty of Basic Sciences , see it on 13-6-2017.
4- ↑ Virtue Mqran, Karima Siam, Abdel Rahim Balaroussi, Educational Psychology , page 8-10.
5- ↑ "Educational Psychology" , University of Dongola , see it on 13-6-2017.
By Mohamed Marwan