The Dialectics of Liberation: Anarchism, Existentialism and Decentralism
What is Anarchism? - Parte 1 - Philosophical Introduction
"Anarchy is a realizable utopia, we can build every day." - charlie77pt
1 - Introduction
Anarchy comes from the ancient Greek ἀναρχία (anarchia), meaning "without leaders or rulers."
Anarchy, anarchism, anarchist means human coordination in equal grounds, without dominance and conformism, by cooperation without coercion and with horizontal and small structures in the organizations, ideally and in practice.
“Liberty consists in doing what one desires” – John Stuart Mill"Each person working for One" is the most difficult concept and human value to accept, because it transcends the social-economic binomial of "usage value and exchange value" and must be replaced by humanistic goals as the perfect ideal to a flourishing humanity.
The concentration of power in the States, as the only fountain for the fight for survival, and it is inversely proportional to the the individual's psychological drive to rely on communities as a support for a more wealthy life.
The big question is if anarchism can be used today in practical terms, based on empirical and an ideological diversity of theories and authors.
The biggest obstacle to the implementation of anarchism is limited by its own principles of unorganized leadership that tends to dissolve its permanence in time. Anarchist theories and proposals for solutions are normally considered lunatic, impractical and a non-realizable utopia for the current modern world, of course from the point of view and invisible powers of the centralized web of influence over people's destinies.
"For to be free is not merely to cast off one's chains, but to live in a way that respects and enhances the freedom of others." - Nelson Mandela
2 - Anarchy and Reality
"Anarchy is Order." - Pierre Joseph Proudhon - the first self-proclaimed anarchist.Anarchism and decentralization are the only solutions for the chaos and disorder of centralized systems.
People or groups that refuse to behave normally or fight against the moral standards of society, were (and are) considered subversive, "anarchist", terrorist or "mad-men" and possibly can finish by falling in the dark well of the Law, Psychiatry, and Psychology, as the "Police" of abnormal deviant behaviors disrupting or chanllenging "Social Order".
Anarchy is defined in the balance of three fundamental human values:
Autonomy, Responsibility, and Liberty as the pillars of living with ourselves and the community.
Anarchist theories seem to have common points of focus in the change of ecological relationship with nature, based in decentralization, community, and individual autonomy, with personal responsibility.
Anarchists see the total participation of the citizens as the stakeholders to create a flourishing equilibrated society, instead of the chaotic one generated by the actual concentration of power as the main cause of social unbalances.
Anarchists agree that big organization, the concentration of power, and the moral and centralized constraints are the obstacles to an individual freedom of choice and action.
Most anarchists agree that we have the right to defend ourselves even violently when we are attacked or harmed, and that a free society would be better psychologically and collectively and would facilitate the global reasoning to solve actual environmental problems.
Anarchism can be involved in the change of the signs of our times, as an utopian message of a future reality that cames true.
Let's all participate.!!!
I'm not going to make this post longer because I need to leave here a very long and interesting quote of Aldous Huxley, surprisingly in 60's, but it is a mirror of the actual state of Things.
"Rapid and accelerating population increase that will nullify the best efforts of underdeveloped societies to better their lot and will keep two-thirds of the human race in a condition of misery in anarchy or of misery under dictatorship, and the intensive preparations for a new kind of war that, if it breaks out, may bring irretrievable ruin to the one-third of the human race now living prosperously in highly industrialized societies - these are the two main threats to democracy now confronting us. Can these threats be eliminated? Or, if not eliminated, at least reduced?To read this fantastic essay follow this link: Aldous Huxley - 1962 - Politics of Ecology : Aldous Huxley :
My own view is that only by shifting our collective attention from the merely political to the basic biological aspects of the human situation can we hope to mitigate and shorten the time of troubles into which, it would seem, we are now moving. We cannot do without politics; but we can no longer afford to indulge in bad, unrealistic politics.
To work for the survival of the species as a whole and for the actualization in the greatest possible number of individual men and women of their potentialities for goodwill, intelligence, and creativity - this, in the world of today, is good, realistic politics.
To cultivate the religion of idolatrous nationalism, to subordinate the interests of the species and its individual members to the interests of a single national state and its ruling minority - in the context of the population explosion, missiles, and atomic warheads, this is bad and thoroughly unrealistic politics. Unfortunately, it is too bad and unrealistic politics that our rulers are now committed." - Aldous Huxley
We never see the press showing good reviews of anarchism, but only campaigns about destructive fanatics, subversion, terrorism, and extremism.
The example media use to point an anarchist regime is the political chaos the civilized world created in Somália, to confuse chaos and "gangstery" with anarchy.
People must protect their autonomy and ﬁght for liberty, social trust, solidarity, and find people to share our ideas and join the struggle.
We don't need big corporations, large federations, state bureaucracy compliance and surveillance for control.
Anarchy can work!...
In the next post, we will keep on talking about the concepts and theories of Anarchism, followed by an analysis of the types of Anarchism.
“Anarchism is democracy taken seriously.” ― Edward Abbey
The Dialectics of Liberation: Anarchism, Existentialism and Decentralism.Introduction to the Dialectics of Liberation: Anarchism, Existentialism and Decentralism
Next posts on the Series:
I - Anarchism
- What is Anarchism?
- Part 1 - Philosophical Introduction- this post
- Part 2 - The Concept of Anarchism
- Part 3 - Types of Anarchism
- The History of Anarchism
- Anarchy today
II - Existentialism
- What is Existentialism?
- The "Existentialisms"
- Humanism and Existentialism
- Existentialism and Anarchism
III - Decentralism
- What is Decentralism?
- The Philosophy of decentralism
- Blockchain and Decentralization
- Anarchism, Existentialism,and Decentralism
IV - Dialectic for Self-Liberation
- The Dialectics of Liberation Congress
- Psychoanalysis and existentialism
- strong>The Anti-psychiatry movement
Further Reading:Anarchism-- Wkipedia
Anarchist schools of thought - Wikipedia
Existentialist anarchism - wikipedia
References:Rothbard, Murray N., The Ethics of Liberty (1982)
Rothbard, Murray N., For a New Liberty The Libertarian Manifesto Revised Edition
Bey, Hakim (1991) 7:A.Z.: the Temporary Autonomous Zone, Ontological Anarchy, Poetic Terrorism, Brooklyn, NY: Autonomedia.
OIZERMAN, Teodor.O Existencialismo e a Sociedade.In: OIZERMAN, Teodor; SÈVE, Lucien;GEDOE, Andreas.Problemas Filosóficos.2a edição, Lisboa, Prelo, 1974.
Teodor Oizerman was Russian contemporary philosopher (May 14, 1914, Petrovirivka, Ukraine Died: March 25, 2017, Moscow, Russia)