Prusa Mk3s Review - Review of the Original Prusa i3 Mk3s 3D Printer Kit

in printing3d •  26 days ago 

Original Prusa i3 Mk3s 3D Printer Kit review

prusa i3 mk3s

Prusa Mk3s reviews are often by popular YouTubers who get 3D printers for free, sometimes sent by Josef Prusa himself. Not so here, I am not popular, and I bought both my Prusa printers (Mk2 and now Mk3s) myself!

Obviously, I wouldn't buy a second Prusa if I didn't enjoy the first, but they are far from perfect.

While my reviews are always honest and independent, I know there is a common rumor in the 3d printing community about reviewers having bias toward Prusa.

I can't speak to the validity of that, I can only say I am not biased in any way, despite running one of the more popular Prusa-based Facebook groups and also supplementing my income with affiliate sales (this means my links earn me a small commission, but don't change the price you pay).

In fact I often get static for maybe being overly critical about Prusa, as we will discuss in this here review.

Prusa Kit or Pre-Made?

The first decision when looking at the Prusa Mk3s is if you want to buy the kit or have them build it for you.

Prusa Mk3s Kit is $749, or you can buy assembled for $999. Assembled has a lead-time of 3 weeks, while the kit is usually in stock.

Remember to add shipping and import duty ($110-$130) to these prices! The final price for the Prusa Mk3s kit to my door was CAD$1,227.94

The kit arrived well-packaged, I would guess the assembled version would too, just in a larger box.

Prusa Mk3s box

Building the Prusa Mk3S kit is NOT like building an Ender 3, where it is partially assembled.

You have to assemble almost every tiny piece, and it is a chore. Perhaps I was overly vocal about what a pain it was to build, but I would even suggest it is a bit more involved than assembling the Mk2 was, due to the newer extruder assembly.

I have day job and family responsibilities, so It took me weeks (25 weeks to be precise) of grabbing 10mins or an hour here and there, and I didn't enjoy it at all. It's fiddly, and with 3D printed parts with rough overhangs, things don't always go together well first time. Expect to have tiny nuts falling and rolling under furniture constantly.

Now, obviously, at the end you will understand your 3D printer intimately, which does have value.

Just don't go for the kit purely to save you money if you value your time at all, because it is going to take you a long time, which could cause you to resent the printer like I did - especially if your hobby time is limited.

Prusa Mk3s Specs and Features

Once assembled, what do you get?

  • 250mm x 210mm x 200mm Heated (120ºC), Removable, PEI Coated bed (I went for smooth, I have no idea why someone would want their prints to be textured!)
  • E3D Extruder (max temperature 300ºC) with Bondtech gears
  • Filament runout sensor
  • Power out recovery
  • Trinamic2130 stepper drivers detect skipped steps
  • Quiet Noctua fan
  • Auto bed level compensation

Understandably, given the long and proud history of the Prusa, it has a solid reputation in the community. While the Mk3 had some wobbles on release, with complaints about print quality, beds, filament runout sensor, power supply hum, and so on, the Mk3s seems to have resolved those issues.

By appearances the Prusa is very much a hobbyist, tinkerer machine. It looks home-made, and of course, it usually is.

Color touch screens are more the norm at this price point in 2019

It's also quite old-fashioned in some respects, being made of 3D printed parts, no enclosure, an 8-bit main board, and sporting a monochrome LCD.

It's not exactly the fashion challenger for the 2019/2020 season.

Of the machines in my hobby room, it appears the cheapest, while being the second most expensive after my monster-sized Craftbot XL.

Yes, zip ties. Really.

It is, however, mostly built out of top-quality parts.

Sure, there are no linear rails that you might find in similarly priced machines, and there are still zip ties holding some vital parts in. Yes, zip ties. In 2019.

That said, the components, and particularly the machine's firmware, are amongst the best in this sub-$1,000 segment of the market.

In operation, even in 'normal' mode, it is super quiet.

Oddly, while Prusa make a bit marketing buzz around their expensive Prusament 3d printing filament ... the filament included with your purchase is some cheap no-brand stuff that many group-members have complained endlessly about.

Prusa Software Stack

To an extent, Prusa is a lot like Ultimaker, in that they control the hardware and software design, and even the filament if you are willing to pay double your usual cost, so everything is tuned together.

The slicer, based on a fork of Slic3r, is excellent, but oddly, the built-in profiles for the Mk3s caused me some issues, such as stringing and very difficult to remove supports that caused bad surface quality.

Even the Marvin demo file included on the SD card printed badly, which I put down to the gcode being tuned for Prusa's own filament rather than the crappy stuff they included.

Prusa Mk3s Marvin

Fortunately, the community provides. I am now using the Pretty PLA profiles by Chris W.

While my Mk2 has been abandoned by Prusa for firmware updates, when you slice a model in Prusaslicer it will post a message in the Gcode to remind you to update firmware when running a more recent machine like the Mk3s. This is annoying on my Mk2 but a boon on the Mk3s where I will get the benefit of incremental improvements.

Prusa Mk3s Print Quality

As would be expected for a ~$1,000 printer, the print quality is great.

The Prusa mk3s is supposedly capable of 200mm/sec. It does seem capable of good speeds, but someone with more science than me would have to confirm the actual capability in practice.

What makes the Prusa an exception in this price-range, however, is the fact you can get this level of print quality without making any modifications or tuning.

So, really you are buying ease of use and convenience. While you could get multiple Ender 3 printers for the same price, and get close to the same output quality, you are going to have to put more effort and maintenance into the Ender 3.

Don't get me wrong, you are not going to get resin-quality minis right out of the box, though I did try!

Who is the Prusa Mk3s good for?

The Prusa Mk3s is in an oddly unique spot in the market. It's not a budget printer, for that I would recommend the Ender 3.

You could have multiple printers, a makerspace or print-farm starter set for the price of one Prusa, and you would get them faster because you can probably get the Ender 3 either locally or from Amazon.

If you are into 3D printing or electronics as a hobby, and you want to learn and tinker, then again I would go with the Ender 3. Especially if you are in the 3D printed tabletop community and want FDM for terrain etc.

But it is also not a prosumer printer, or a printer ideal for education, either. For those functions you ideally need an enclosure. In those markets I would look at Craftbot and Ultimaker.

Which brings us to another point for makerspaces or other environments where printers get worn-out and abused. Keep in mind, unlike the generic parts in the Ender 3, you can only get official Prusa parts from Prusa, and the shipping is expensive and slow (no Amazon Prime).

For pure print quality, for example small, detailed items like tabletop minis, I wouldn't even suggest FDM, I would go for the Elegoo Mars, 100%. Note, Prusa does sell a resin printer, but it is over priced versus the Elegoo from what I can see.

The Prusa Mk3S is not the go-to for printing wearable props for larger cosplay items such as helmets and full armor pieces, due to the price and the print bed not being big enough. For that I would look to the Creality CR-10 range.

At this point we are left with the home or small office market of people who want to just hit print but don't want to spend Ultimaker prices. For those people, the Prusa Mk3s excels.

Original Prusa i3 Mk3S

Check out the Prusa Mk3S at Prusa Research

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Great work man, this is just the sort of stuff I like to see on #stem.