What is a Population Census for?
Is it important to carry out population censuses?
I remember that in Venezuela these national days were always held. Before it was carried out there was an information campaign through the media and people were always attentive to the visit of the pollsters representing the "National Institute of Statistics", who were kindly received at home and thus provided the information. required.
Currently, in Venezuela, no population census campaigns are carried out. The last census was carried out in 2011.
The most recent "attempts" by the national administration to carry out a census received great rejection by the population, since, under the cover of a facade of "statistical study", what the authorities really seek is to have the knowledge more precise of the ideological and political preferences of the population.
What is a Population Census for?
According to the United Nations Principles and Recommendations for population and housing censuses, a population census is understood to be "the set of operations consisting of collecting, collecting, evaluating, analyzing and publishing or purging demographic data in one way or another. , economic and social relative to all the inhabitants of a country, or to a well-delimited part of a country, in a determined moment "; and by housing census "the set of operations consisting of collecting, compiling, evaluating, analyzing and Thumb in some way or another corresponding statistical data, on a given date, to all housing premises and their occupants in a country, or in a well-defined part of it. "Source
Based on the above, we can conclude the importance of conducting periodic censuses for the integral development of a nation.
Projections on population growth must be made, in order to adapt the expansion of the infrastructures necessary for the provision of basic services such as electricity generation, drinking water, education and health.
With the figures obtained, governments should make the necessary budgetary modifications for the investment of financial resources that allow a better provision of services and avoid the future collapse of the structure of society in general.
Photograph of February 11, 2021 where a man is observed carrying two plastic containers of 25 liters of water each, in Caracas (Venezuela´s Capital).
Case of use
According to the data obtained in the population censuses of Germany, the authorities were able to conclude that life expectancies continue to rise. According to the recently released data, those born in 2010 will reach an average of 77.4 years in the case of boys, while girls may reach 82.6 years. At least statistically.
These data have alarmed its authorities, which could conclude that, for the planning of income for the elderly, it must be considered that pensions have to reach no longer for 20 but for 30 years.
For this reason, the German industry is preparing to accommodate the elderly in jobs, since the retirement age has been raised to 67 years, understanding in this way that this sector of the population represents a segment of consumers whose needs must be addressed.
Population studies in Germany allow estimating that the lower the birth rate and the higher the life expectancy, the population will age despite immigration since the proportion of people under 20 years of age has decreased since the decade of the 50 from 30 to 18 percent.
In 1950 only one in 100 Germans was over 80 years old, today one in 15 is already an octogenarian, and by 2040, it could be one in 10.
Having more elderly people will be a challenge for the social and health system since the number of taxpayers will decrease.