The question of the relationship between philosophy and religion is one of the most considered because it is difficult. The main views are three:
1.Religion versus Philosophie. Faith is established in opposing reason and rejects the philosophy that is superfluous and even harmful. It is the intention to get to know and explain the world with the help of reason. Such claims and tasks can only be put by a person who does not accept the answers to God's mind - he does not accept the divine Revelation. Consequently, philosophy, in principle, contains within itself, basically, rationalism. It contains the sinful self-confidence of man that only reason can explain all the fields of existence with the achievements of science. And in its results philosophy is superfluous and harmful. If the achievements coincide with the divine truths of religion, then philosophy is redundant, because slowly and with great effort it achieves what religion receives directly from the divinely proclaimed truths.
If the conclusions of philosophy contradict the godly truths, then philosophy is just detrimental because it undermines and discourages faith in the Revelation. It is quite logical that it leads to its ultimate conclusions to the sacrificium intellectus ("refusal of reason"). Such is the perception of ultimate fideism and one-sided religious mysticism. According to them, using philosophy, when God's revelation is present, it is as if we want to serve a candle or a lantern in a dazzling sunlight. Philosophie contra Religion. The opposite is the notion that religion is superfluous and harmful, and it can be replaced by philosophy with its purely rational explanation and scientific picture of the world. Philosophy seeks to discard religion as contradictory to reason. Like classics of modern religious criticism, point out L. Feyerbach: God is the beyond projection of inter-human love; K.Marks: religion is an opium for the people; Fr. Nietzsche: The Death of God Makes Superman Most Possible;
Z. Froud: Religion is a relationship between "me" and "over-the-top" and is a projection of the "father-son" attitude. Is it possible to assume that one of the two concepts is that religion replaces and invalidates philosophy and science in general, or that science and more private philosophy cancels and eliminates religion? Neither the one nor the other can be accepted. The absolute opposition to a wrong position or its total denial is usually not the truth but only the other side of extremism and delusion.
The first conception can not be accepted for the following reasons:
a / The human mind according to the very revelation of God is the creation of God, as well as everything in man as his spiritual and physical potential and given. God Himself has set the task of knowing all that is within his ability. The Christian religion does not deny, but blesses and demands constant and systematic improvement and use of rational knowledge in the trinity of Truth, Goodness and Beauty. The theoretical cognitive interest and the pursuit of man is as natural as the religious, moral, aesthetic and purely biological aspirations are inexorable. Every attempt to ignore and deny the activity of reason contradicts human nature and God's will.