Development of psyche, consciousness and personality. Phylogenesis, ontogenesis, anthropogenesis. Development Factors. /part 2/
Self-awareness is the highest form of consciousness and mental reflection in general, in which the individual / individual / society is differentiated, separates and opposes the object, the nature, the world. Mutual property of the psychic, for example, is the experience - emotional "decoration", "tone", "charge", etc. of the whole mental life and stimulating all of our mental activity. The ideal is a unique sign of every subjective image - visual or abstract, real or fantastic, memory or longing.
The problem of the genesis of the psyche and the problem of its development are closely related. For this, when theoretically, the question of the emergence of the psyche is immediately characterized in the process of mental development. In its development, matter passes through different forms of movement in order to reach the biological one, which in turn, as a result of the constantly changing changes in the reflection, differentiate into forms which express both the essence of the biological reflection and the changes in the organic nature. The psychic appears as a connection of great importance between the organism and the environment, conditionally presented as a bridge its importance to the existence of the living organism is extremely great. In this sense, the psyche emerging on a certain level of biological evolution itself assumes itself as one of its factors. In animals, the presence of the CNS is associated with a marked outgrowth of one or other receptors, at the expense of others in the base of which there is some differentiation of particular sections of the cerebral cortex.
Higher degree of functional formation with fixed forms of reaction is instincts. They are a system of unconditional reflexes, the deployment of which occurs within the genus and under appropriate conditions. Instincts are limited within the framework of the program previously set in the Genetics of the Living Being. The instincts as a system of unconditional reflexes run in conjunction with conditional reflexes. That's why instincts develop on the basis of experience, not just innate programs. But conditional reflexes are formed only within the limits of instinctive behavioral programs. A higher form of development in living beings is habits. The evolution of the nervous system evolves depending on the environment in which the animal lives and lives according to the peculiarities of its organism. Together with the complications of the functions and receptors, as well as the signal activity, the behavior of the animals, in general, of the living creatures develops. Their behavior has a relatively wide range of forms of expression.
Language and sounds are forms of expression of psyche and behavior. While there are 2500 languages in the person, the languages of the lower human being are not too small, though most of them express nuances of sounds, poses. The higher the level of life is, the more the forms of behavior are more complex. The historical approach to studying the human psyche contains many and unspecified problems. This includes the problems of: the biological and social in the human psyche; the role of the environment and society for the development of the psyche; the role of the created and created by man and a number of others who expect complete clarification. A problem that should be the subject of a study is about the action of biological laws in human development and its capacity to develop to a greater extent on the basis of these laws.