Do you know what kind of soil you can grow?

in #farms5 years ago

Hello friends before planting in your farm you must do an analysis of the type of soil and determine what type of plants grow best to have a good fruit and harvest.

Knowing the peculiarities of each type of soil is important in agriculture. Depending on the type of soil, some crops or others may be planted, and there are also soils that are more vulnerable to pollution and drought. In Tendenzias we tell you more about the different types of soil.

Among the different Soil Types we have the sandy, the silty, the clayey, the peat and the saline. Knowing the peculiarities of each of the Soil types can be of great help in agriculture because depending on the type of soil you have is that you can plant some crops, there are also more vulnerable to drought and pollution.

Know the Soils that you must to Sow

Sandy ground


In this soil the water drains quickly, directly to places where roots, particularly those of seedlings, can not reach. The plants do not have the opportunity to use the nutrients in the sandy soil in a very efficient way, as they are quickly carried away by the runoff.

The advantage of sandy soil is that it is light to work with and heats up more quickly in the spring. A characteristic test to know if you are working with a type of sandy soil is to moisten the soil and try to make a ball with your hands to check the predominant particle of the soil.

If the slightly moist soil can not be molded in the palms of your hands, then this soil is sandy, no ball should form, rather this earth will crumble through your fingers very easily.

These sandy soils are not the best quality for agricultural purposes because they do not retain the nutrients and the plants do not have the opportunity to use the nutrients efficiently due to the speed with which the water drains.



The silty soil has much smaller particles than the sandy soil so it is soft to the touch. When this type of soil gets wet, it is soapy and stains. When you try to roll it between your fingers, a big dirt comes off leaving it on your skin.

Silty soils can retain water and nutrients for longer. Its color is dark brown, and consists of a mixture of fine sand and clay forming a kind of clay mud and plant debris. These soils tend to be on the banks of rivers and are usually very fertile soils due to their degree of moisture and nutrients.

Within Soil Types, this is the easiest to grow in comparison with sandy soils or clay soils.

We also recommend that you read. . . Learn To Create A Bank Of Ecological Seeds In Your Home

Clay floor


It has the smallest particles so it has good water storage qualities. It is sticky to the touch when wet, but smooth when dry.

Due to the small size of its particles and its tendency to settle, little air passes through its spaces. Because it is also slower to drain, it has a stricter retention of nutrients for plants.

This type of soil is cold and in the spring it takes time to warm up because the waterlogging can become considerable. The disadvantage is that the clay soil could be too heavy to work when it dries. Especially during the summer months, it could become very hard and.

Peat soil.


This type of soil is excellent for cultivation, it is used mostly in agriculture as a substrate for cultivation. The type of peat soil is dark brown or black in color, has a smooth texture and contains a lot of water and nutrients. These soils are usually saturated with water, however, once drained they are very "good to grow".

One of the most valuable characteristics of peat soils is their ability to retain water in the months of drought and their ability to protect the roots of low temperatures in the winter seasons. This type of soil has an acidic pH with values between 3.5 and 4 and farmers use it to regulate the chemistry of the soil and as a pest control agent in the soil.

If you want to plant in seedbeds, the peat soil is perfect because it is porous and retains moisture very well.

Five Saline.


Poteristic of the dry regions, have a high content of salts that influence the plants, in reality they are not very good soils for agriculture because they cause difficulties in their efficient growth. In saline soils the crops grow little because the soluble salts accumulate in the root part.

It can be distinguished by the cultivation of weak and stunted plants, as well as by the presence of some white crusts of salt on its surface.

The salinity of this soil is moderate and can often go unnoticed because it does not cause such obvious effects but in plants with smaller leaves and with a bluish green color (darker than normal) it can have more influence on growth. The most saline soils contain high amounts of gypsum and their saturated PH value is usually less than 8.2.

Saline soils are indicative of improper drainage to leach salt from the soil or salt from water. These soils can be naturally saline or sodium if they have been formed on a material high in salts such.

How can we know what kind of soil we have?

There is a very simple manual method that will allow us to immediately find out what is the type of soil in our garden or orchard. We do not need any additional utensils and it is a precise method. This method consists of taking a handful of soil from our soil, moistening it with water (enough to make a paste that we can knead). Next we will try to mold the paste in the following way:

1 We will form a ball. If it is impossible to reach this form we can determine that the soil is sandy. In case of obtaining it we will proceed to the following form.
2We will crush the ball. In case of breakage our soil will be limerorenoso. If it remains, we continue to mold.
3We will continue to crush the ball until it is shaped like a sausage. At this point the soil will be loamy.
4 If we have a sausage so fine that we can give it the shape of a horseshoe, we will determine that our soil is clay.

ne of the main elements of any ecological garden or urban garden is, undoubtedly, the soil. But all soils are not the same and it is important to know what kind of soil is ours to ensure good development of our plants.

Knowing the type of soil we have we can improve it to make it a more fertile environment. The first thing is to learn the components that make it up. All soil is composed of five types of elements: water (which acts as a solvent), inorganic matter or mineral residues, air pockets (located in solid spaces where water does not reach), microorganisms that inhabit the soil and organic matter derived from these living beings.

When growing plants in our soil, the proportion of water, air and organic matter is modified. The most superficial layer is the most subject to variations and over which we can have more control. A quality surface layer must continuously provide nutrients, water and air to the roots of our crops.

I hope it will help you at the time of making a farm identify the type of soil and evaluate what you can plant.


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