Gigolar

in #esteem3 years ago

Kriyāpadagaḷu ondu bhāṣeya ondu pramukha bhāgavāgide ēkendare avaru kriyeyannu (kriyāpada) hēge māḍalāguttade embudannu vyaktapaḍisuttāre. Kriyeyannu eṣṭu bāri māḍabēkendu nāvu vivarisalu bayasidāga, āvartanada kriyāviśēṣaṇagaḷannu nāvu baḷasabēkāgide. Ādare hēge avu bhinnavāgiruttave mattu elli nīvu elliyū hēḷuvudu kaṇḍ'̔uhiḍiyalu ōdi.

Āvartanada kriyāviśēṣaṇagaḷu yāvuvu?

Āvartanada ondu kriyāviśēṣaṇavu kriyeyu eṣṭu bāri naḍeyuttade embudannu vivarisuttade. Nāvu āṅgla bhāṣeyalli baḷasuva āvartanada āru pramukha kriyāviśēṣaṇagaḷive: Yāvāgalū, sāmān'yavāgi (athavā sāmān'yavāgi), kelavom'me, kelavom'me, viraḷavāgi, mattu endigū. Avaru āvartana maṭṭadalli bhinnavāgiruttave, .

'Viraḷavāgi' paryāyavāgi nāvu'aparūpavāgi' baḷasabahudu, ādare ādhunika iṅgliṣnalli idu tumbā sāmān'yavalla.

Āvartanada kriyāpadagaḷa sthāna

mēliruva kōṣṭakadalli nīvu nōḍuvante, āvartanada kriyāviśēṣaṇagaḷa sāmān'ya sthānavu viṣaya mattu kriyāpadada naḍuve iruttade.Illi kelavu itara udāharaṇegaḷu:

Śani yāvāgalū śanivāra san̄je hōguttāne.

Ākeya geḷeya sāmān'yavāgi avaḷannu ettikoṇḍu nagara kēndrakke ōḍuttāne.

Avaru heccāgi snēhitarannu bhēṭiyāguttāre mattu oṭṭige pānīyavannu hondiruttāre.

Caḷigāladalli avaru kelavom'me sinemākke hōguttāre.

Bēsigeyalli avaru viraḷavāgi hōguttāre ēkendare avaru horagaḍe uḷiyalu bayasuttāre.

Avaru madhyarātri modalu manege hōguvudilla.

Ī niyamakke vināyiti'to be' ge kriyāpadavāgide.' Endu āgiruva kriyāpadavannu baḷasuva vākyagaḷannu baḷasikoṇḍu āvartanada kriyāviśēṣaṇavu kriyāpadada nantara baruttade. Udāharaṇege:

Nagara kēndradalli śanivāra rātri anēka janariruttāre.

Udyānavanada sthaḷavannu kaṇḍ'̔uhiḍiyuvudu kaṣṭa.

Ādare nam'ma snēhitaru kālānantaradalliruvudilla, āddarinda nāvu taḍavāgi iddalli adu aprastutavāguttade.

Sāmān'yavāgi iṅgliṣnalliruvante, ī niyamakke vyatyāsagaḷive.Udāharaṇege, ondu vākyada ārambhadalli kriyāviśēṣaṇagaḷannu'kelavom'me' mattu'sāmān'yavāgi' hākalu sādhyavide:

Kelavom'me avaru snēhitarondige tam'ma manegelasavannu māḍuttāre.

Sāmān'yavāgi avaru tam'madē āda bagge adhyayana māḍuttāre.

Ādare viṣaya mattu kriyāpadada naḍuve āvartanada ellā kriyāviśayagaḷannu hākuva niyamavannu anusarisuvudu sulabhavāgide. 'Endu' kriyāpadavannu vibhinnavāgi nenapisi nantara adara kriyāviśēṣaṇavannu irisi.

Praśne phārm

āvartanada bagge praśnegaḷannu māḍalu, nāvu sāmān'yavāgi'eṣṭu bāri...?' Annu baḷasuttēve udāharaṇege:

Nīvu eṣṭu bāri calanacitragaḷannu nōḍuttīri?

Avaru eṣṭu bāri ṭennis āḍuttāre?

Railugaḷu taḍavāgi eṣṭu bāri taluputtave?

Ādare āvartanada kriyāviśēṣaṇadinda praśnegaḷannu kēḷalu sādhyavide. Udāharaṇege:

Nīvu illige baruttīrā?

Avaḷu yāvāgalū tumbā kaṣṭapaṭṭu kelasa māḍuttiddīrā?

Avaru yāvāgalādarū samayakke pāvatisuttīrā? (Praśnegaḷige'endigū' badalige'endigū')

mōḍal kriyāpadagaḷu mattu āksiliyari kriyāpadagaḷondige āvartanada kriyāviśēṣaṇagaḷu

vākyadalli ondu mādari kriyāpada iddare, adara nantara mattu āṅgla kriyāpadada modalu āvartanada kriyāviśēṣaṇavannu nāvu hākuttēve. Udāharaṇege:

Nīvu yāvāgalū nim'ma atyuttama prayatnavannu māḍabēku.

Nam'ma railinalli nāvu sāmān'yavāgi āsanavannu kaṇḍ'̔uhiḍiyabahudu.

Avaru endigū grāhakarige asabhyarāgirabāradu.

Adē niyamavu sahāyaka kriyāpadakke anvayisuttade - āvartanada kriyāviśēṣaṇavu sahāyaka kriyāpada mattu mukhya kriyāpadada naḍuve iruttade. Udāharaṇege:

Nānu endigū ṭarkige bhēṭi nīḍalilla.

Avaru yāvāgalū nanna mējininda viṣayagaḷannu tegedukoḷḷuttiddāre. Idu nijakkū kirikiri.

Ninne tanaka kelasadalli taḍavāgi nīvu aparūpakke talupiddīri.

Abhyāsa

phrīkvensi kelasada kriyāviśēṣaṇagaḷu hēge āvartanada kriyāviśēṣaṇagaḷannu baḷasikoṇḍu ī praśnegaḷige uttarisuva mūlaka avugaḷannu abhyāsa māḍalu nīvu nōḍiddīri: image

Nīvu sāmān'yavāgi śanivāra rātri ēnu māḍuttīri?

Nim'ma uttama snēhitanannu nīvu eṣṭu bāri nōḍuttīri?

Nīvu endādarū raṅgabhūmige hōguttīrā?

Eṣṭu bāri nīvu krīḍeyannu āḍuttīri athavā jimge hōguttīri?

Nīvu endādarū iṅgliṣnalli calanacitragaḷu athavā ṭivi kāryakramagaḷannu vīkṣisuttīrā?

Nīvu sāmān'yavāgi malagalu yāva samaya?

Nīvu resṭāreṇṭnalli eṣṭu bāri tinnuttiddīri?

Kelasa athavā śālege nīvu kelavom'me viḷambavāguttīrā?

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