Install = Nginx + SSL Certificates Certbot + Docker + Docker-compose (For build a node) Ubuntu 16.04steemCreated with Sketch.

in docker-compose •  10 days ago

Install Nginx (Virtual Hosts) on Ubuntu 16.04

Now go

 sudo ufw status
 Status: inactive

Inactive is ok.

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install curl
sudo apt-get install nginx

for check

 curl -4 (*Ip from the server where you want to install Nginx)

Go to your Browser Firefox for example and go to

 http://(*Ip from the server install Nginx)

You should see Nginx page like

Screenshot from 2018-04-12 05-30-53.png

configure your host for nginx respond to domain you like.

for the nex step i used VIM use nano is you like more.

create file defaul.conf in
sudo vi default.conf

 # You should look at the following URL's in order to grasp a solid understanding
 # of Nginx configuration files in order to fully unleash the power of Nginx.
 # @melea_trader 
 # Generally, you will want to move this file somewhere, and start with a clean
 # file but keep this around for reference. Or just disable in sites-enabled.
 # Please see /usr/share/doc/nginx-doc/examples/ for more detailed examples.

 # Default server configuration
 server {
         listen 80;
         root /var/www/YOURhostnameHERE;   #domain for ssl certificate
         server_name YOURhostnameHERE;    #domain for ssl certificate

         location / {
            # First attempt to serve request as file, then
            # as directory, then fall back to displaying a 404.
            try_files $uri $uri/ =404;

    # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on
    #location ~ \.php$ {
    #       include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;
    #       # With php7.0-cgi alone:
    #       fastcgi_pass;
    #       # With php7.0-fpm:
    #       fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php/php7.0-fpm.sock;

    # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
    # concurs with nginx's one
    #location ~ /\.ht {
    #       deny all;

 # Virtual Host configuration for
 # You can move that to a different file under sites-available/ and symlink that
 # to sites-enabled/ to enable it.
 #server {
 #       listen 80;
 #       listen [::]:80;
 #       server_name;
 #       root /var/www/;
 #       index index.html;
 #       location / {
 #               try_files $uri $uri/ =404;
 #       }

NGINX can check is the sintx inside .conf file is ok

 sudo nginx -t

 nginx: the configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf syntax is ok
 nginx: configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf test is successful

Is ok?

Any time you change any file for NGINX

 service nginx reload

so now go to your browser like netscape and go again to your http://yourhostname

if you see welcome page again you are worn here. check your .conf, in the other hand if you see:

Screenshot from 2018-04-12 06-36-43.png

Keep Calm, Dont worry

404 like this is OK and you are fine.

If you want to go to HTTPS:
try now in your browser = dont work because you dont have ssl for that host-name.
So is time to make one Certificate SSL for your Domain.

Now lets Install install python-certbot-nginx
for run SSL certificates.

Install Automate Mode for Ngnix on Ubuntu 16.04

 sudo apt-get update
 sudo apt-get install software-properties-common
 sudo add-apt-repository ppa:certbot/certbot
 sudo apt-get update
 sudo apt-get install python-certbot-nginx

go for

 sudo certbot --nginx

Running this command will get a certificate for you and have Certbot edit your Nginx configuration automatically to serve it

Screenshot from 2018-04-12 08-09-10.png

Screenshot from 2018-04-12 05-48-19.png

Screenshot from 2018-04-12 08-16-03.png


Screenshot from 2018-04-12 08-19-05.png

Screenshot from 2018-04-12 08-23-18.png

keep calm after 5-8 minutes or more, you just wait

Screenshot from 2018-04-12 08-22-53.png

now if you try https://yourhost

Screenshot from 2018-04-12 08-27-16.png

one more time 404 is ok. And SSL is working in your domain.

now go to

 /etc/nginx/sites-enabled$ vi default.conf

now you can see the automate mode write your file and put the path to ssl keys in

listen 443 ssl; # managed by Certbot

like the pic.

Screenshot from 2018-04-12 08-31-23.png

close vim and

see this

Screenshot from 2018-04-12 08-33-26.png

inside /etc/letsencrypt/live/yourhost/

Screenshot from 2018-04-12 07-16-02.png

Here you have the keys make a copy for your security.

Copy Done,
for automate renew the ssl cert

 sudo certbot renew --dry-run


now you have here :/etc/letsencrypt/live
for your ssl certificate this files,


You make a copy to other dir Before from this file , in case you need for your node the files


go to Dir where you make the copy and:

 sudo cp -p cert.pem domain.crt 
 sudo cat privkey.pem fullchain.pem > domain.key

Now you have


Intalling Docker

In case you need docker and docker-compose for your node or Dapp install

Install Docker

 sudo apt-get update
 curl -fsSL -o

Add your user to Docker Group

 sudo usermod -aG docker $(whoami)

Add more user to Docker Group like

 sudo usermod -aG docker username

Install Docker-Compose

 sudo curl -L`uname -s`-uname -m -o /usr/local/bin/docker-compose


     sudo curl -L$(uname -s)-$(uname -m) -o /usr/local/bin/docker-compose

Docker-compose install ok

 sudo chmod +x /usr/local/bin/docker-compose

 docker-compose —version

Out like

 docker-compose version 1.xx.1, build xxxxxx
 docker-py version: xxxxx
 CPython version: xxxxx
 OpenSSL version: xxxxx

now you have Docker and Docker-compose Install ok.

For You Know:
It is not my responsibility to explain security issues for your node in this post. That you know that you are responsible for taking the appropriate measures to make your node safe from hackers.

Note 2: Firewall from ubuntu have NGINX on Dapp list so

 sudo ufw app list

   Available applications:
   Nginx Full
   Nginx HTTP
   Nginx HTTPS

Nginx Full: This profile opens both port 80 and 443 for ssl
Nginx HTTP: only por 80
Nginx HTTPS: only por 443 for ssl.

if you activate your ufw firewall, you need

 sudo ufw allow 'Nginx Full'

For example. and done!

i hope this can help!

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Cheers Happy Building.

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