Even though Mustafa Kemal Pasha was appointed to the left by Sanders of the group commandos of the lightning armies on the day of the signing of the armistice by Mondros instead of Marshal Liman, there was nothing left for him to do. On November 7, 1918, the Sultan abolished the group command, and on November 13, 1918, Mustafa Kemal Pasha was summoned to Istanbul at the request of the desen. Now Turkey suffered under the armistice conditions.
The terms of the agreement were difficult for the country and the nation. After a great war as a defeated state, the so-called "Mondros Armistice Agreement" was signed on 30 October 1918.
As a result of this agreement, many regions of the country were occupied by the victorious states, the turkish army was divided, all weapons and ammunition were handed over to the victors. Since the Ottoman lands were completely destroyed, the main residence of the Turks was divided among the victorious states in Anatolia. Italians came to Antalya. Iskenderun, Adana, Mersin, Antep, Maras, Urfa were under their occupation. In Kars the British took over. Thrace (Trakya) was also under their occupation. The enemy fleet was anchored in the waters of Istanbul. Çanakkale and the Strait of Istanbul were occupied. The government of Istanbul and the population were under the pressure and control of the Allies.
The Sultan and the government were surprised at the enemy's takeover, how humiliating they treated the country and the people, and frustrated and disoriented they sought a way to save themselves. In almost every city in Anatolia foreign officers traveled and gave instructions as representatives of the Entente states. The Greeks were also busy preparing for the occupation of Izmir; they had tried hard to persuade the Entente states to get Izmir and so on 15 May 1919 they finally entered Izmir.
Mustafa Kemal had expected events to develop in this way. In fact, 5 days after the Mondros armistice of 5 November 1918, the Turkish military began to dismiss their armies by order of the Ministry of War, on the orders of the British, of course.
On November 5, 1918, Atatürk sent the first warning telegram from Adana to Grand Vizier Ahmet Izzet Pasha: "I seriously state that you will not have the army if you do not take the necessary measures! If we no longer have the armies and submit to every word of the British, we will not be able to avoid the enemy's ambitions."
This warning also went to the 5 great army commanders of the Great Vizier at a time when everything would be over if Atatürk's hope of salvation had not been extinguished.
It was painful, however, that all Mustafa Kemal Pasha's objections were correct, but his words were unheeded and ineffective, so that the dismissal of the army continued rapidly. Because the general opinion of the occupied government was that the Turks should not fight with the Entente states, because such a revolt would be suicide. So they should not insult the Entente States and the Mondros ceasefire requirements should be met. That was the opinion and behaviour of the government of Istanbul.
Despite this desperation of the Sultan and his government, the still Turkish nation is making every effort to defend itself against unjust invasions and the occupiers. In various regions of the country, clashes have occurred between the enemy and the local armed forces. On the other hand, there were national organizations in Anatolia to counteract and remedy the aggressive enemy. However, all these organisations could not be effective to the desired extent due to their individual work, they could not show movement and unity covering the whole country.
At that time it became very complicated in Turkey, because it was not Turkey that one knew. everything sank in the Kaos. Beside the national societies like the defence of rights, the law of law and others, which were the pioneers of regional resistance movements, many societies were founded especially in Istanbul, which were looking for means of liberation.
Not only did companies emerge that were founded by Turks, there were also numerous companies that were founded by British and French inhabitants and nobles. Some of them wanted the patronage of the British, some of them French, some of them had proposed the American mandate. Some people also thought that the Ottoman Empire could continue to live in a small region where the Sultan and the Caliph could obtain sovereignty rights. Some of the separatist societies that wanted to take advantage of the difficult situation in the country had also noticed the activities of national unity in the homeland and had taken it upon themselves to destroy it from within, as they had already done with the government of the country.
The question that the Turks asked themselves here was, what could be a serious and directed solution to this situation? Mustafa Kemal Pasha, who had a historical culture and could draw very good conclusions from history, had very quickly recognized the right solution.
In this situation there was only one solution.
Mustafa Kemal Pasha was of the opinion "to create a new independent Turkish state based on national sovereignty without reservation". According to Mustafa Kemal Pasha, it was important that the Turkish nation lived on as a dignified and honourable nation, without occupation and without a guardian of the allied deposed states. No matter how rich and prosperous a nation is, if it is deprived of its independence, it cannot be regarded as worthy of action, and such a state is not a servant of a civilized nation, and certainly cannot serve mankind as a whole. To accept patronage and submission to a foreign nation, to accept it as masters, was nothing other than to admit a lack of humanity, a lack of helplessness and misery.
However, the Turk's honour and pride were very high and great. Such a nation, which was to live on its knees, was to be beaten and destroyed rather than to live in bondage. Everything was better than a nation in captivity and slaves of others. This only solution should be called "Either independence or death" in the National Resistance.
Now the flag of the National Resistance Fight had to be opened to Anatolia.
To remove Mustafa Kemal Pasha from Istanbul because he was against the occupiers, he was offered the post of Inspector General of the Ninth Army. The occupiers did not want to humiliate the hero of the Turks before the people and planned to win Mustafa Kemal Pasha for themselves and their plans, but they were not aware of the glorious mistake they were making.
Mustafa Kemal Pasha accepted this duty, which gave him far-reaching powers.