用steem官方docker镜像中的命令行钱包cli_wallet将账号提升为见证人witness账号

in #zzanlast year (edited)

用steem官方docker镜像中的命令行钱包cli_wallet将账号提升为见证人witness账号

目录

1. 目标
2. 主要流程
3. 搭建本地环境
4. 获取官方镜像
5. docker方式运行 cli_wallet
6. 导入账号的密钥
7. 生成见证人需要的密钥对
8. 更新见证人到steem链上
9. 投票给新发布的见证人

1. 目标


steem中的见证人witness账号,只是普通账号,最一个特别的声明.但可惜的是,网络上找不到完整有效的最新中文教程,怎么把普通账号升级为见证人账号.

目前steem刚完成硬分叉22,在源代码中的代号为HF22,网络上的英文教程和以及第三方工具都已经无法操作.

所以本文不依赖第三方工具,直接利用steem官方docker镜像中的命令行钱包 cli_wallet,将账号提升为见证人账号.这样做,更加安全.

cli_wallet 是 Steem 的命令行钱包,可直接和 Steem 节点交互,完成很多重要的钱包相关的操作;升级账号为见证人,也可以通过这个钱包实现.

不过cli_wallet需要Steem节点支持WebSocket RPC(ws/wss),暂时以比较容易访问的wss://steemd.privex.io作为交互节点服务器.后续可以出专门的教程,搭建自己的节点服务器.

2. 主要流程

  1. 搭建本地环境
  2. 获取官方镜像
  3. docker方式运行 cli_wallet
  4. 导入账号的密钥
  5. 生成见证人需要的密钥对
  6. 更新见证人到steem链上
  7. 投票给新发布的见证人

3. 搭建本地环境

ubuntu18.04 安装 docker

这里以ubuntu18.04为例,安装docker包:
$ sudo apt update && sudo apt install git containerd docker.io -y
启动服务:$ service docker restart
查看日志:$ systemctl status docker.service

添加专用系统账户 steemd

添加专用系统账户 steemd,并加入到 docker 组,steemd用户可直接运行docker:

$ sudo adduser steemd
$ sudo usermod -aG sudo steemd
$ sudo usermod -aG docker steemd
$ sudo su - steemd 

4. 获取官方镜像


使用steem官方的 docker 镜像(也可以自己从github上下载源码编译):
$ docker pull steemit/steem
查看获取情况 :
$ docker images | grep steemit

steemit/steem       latest      1326e0        1 weeks ago         2.24GB

如果无法访问官方 docker.com/docker.io ,可修改镜像源:
$ sudo vi /etc/docker/daemon.json

{
"registry-mirrors":  ["https://registry.docker-cn.com","http://hub-mirror.c.163.com"]
}

其他可选:

  1. 中国科技大学:https://docker.mirrors.ustc.edu.cn
  2. Docker 官方中国区:https://registry.docker-cn.com
  3. 网易:http://hub-mirror.c.163.com
  4. 阿里云:https://pee6w651.mirror.aliyuncs.com

5. docker方式运行 cli_wallet


以docker镜像方式运行 cli_wallet:
$ docker run -it steemit/steem /usr/local/steemd-default/bin/cli_wallet -s wss://steemd.privex.io
返回信息:

Logging RPC to file: logs/rpc/rpc.log
Starting a new wallet
36ms main.cpp:169                  main                 ] wdata.ws_server: wss://steemd.privex.io 
Please use the set_password method to initialize a new wallet before continuing
new >>> 

首次使用,需要设置本地钱包密码:
new >>> set_password yourpwd
返回信息:

new >>> set_password yourpwd
set_password yourpwd
null
locked >>> 

解锁钱包:
locked >>> unlock yourpwd
返回信息:

locked >>> unlock yourpwd
unlock yourpwd
null
unlocked >>> 

如无反应,可能是 cli_wallet 断开了和steem节点间的连接;则ctrl+d退出,重新登录 cli_wallet

6. 导入账号的密钥


导入账号的钱包密钥(active key):
unlocked >>> import_key 5J-account-active-key
返回信息:

import_key 5J-account-active-key
3571ms wallet.cpp:42    save_wallet_file ] saving wallet to file wallet.json
true
unlocked >>> 

7. 生成见证人需要的密钥对


生成见证人打包区块所需要的密钥对:
unlocked >>> suggest_brain_key

suggest_brain_key
{
  "brain_priv_key": "WACE be your words COGNATE",
  "wif_priv_key": "5J-wif_priv_key-str",
  "pub_key": "STM-pub_key-str"
}
unlocked >>> 

其中:

  1. wif_priv_key 为私钥,见证人节点服务器运行steemd时需要配置的密钥,用来生产区块时的签名;
  2. pub_key 为公钥,需要发布到steem区块链上,供全网应用。

8. 更新见证人到steem链上


用 'update_witness' 命令将公钥 pub_key 发布到链上:
unlocked >>> update_witness "tex.fund" "https://tex.fund" "STM-pub_key-str" {"account_creation_fee":"3.000 STEEM","maximum_block_size":655360,"sbd_interest_rate":0} true
其中:

  1. "tex.fund" : 为见证人账号
  2. "https://tex.fund": 为见证人链接,可以是独立官网,也可以是steemit官网 #witness-category 标签下的见证人公告贴子,方便别人了解.

返回信息:

{
  "ref_block_num": 26255,
  "ref_block_prefix": 597975414,
  "expiration": "2019-10-13T15:03:09",
  "operations": [[
      "witness_update",{
        "owner": "tex.fund",
        "url": "https://tex.fund",
        "block_signing_key": "STM6MiTh",
        "props": {
          "account_creation_fee": "3.000 STEEM",
          "maximum_block_size": 655360,
          "sbd_interest_rate": 0,
          "account_subsidy_budget": 797,
          "account_subsidy_decay": 347321
        },
        "fee": "0.000 STEEM"
      }
    ]
  ],
  "extensions": [],
  "signatures": [
    "1f6b5aba87d2da1"
  ],
  "transaction_id": "fe24df02c",
  "block_num": 37250704,
  "transaction_num": 14
}

9. 投票给新发布的见证人


自己先给自己的见证人投一票吧:浏览器打开 https://steemitwallet.com/~witnesses .
投票给新发布的见证人

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太详细了,很多教程都是把账号的active key作为见证人的密钥,很显然不符合逻辑.还是这篇文章讲密钥对,比较合理.

因为详细,所以被毙了(downvote),呵呵

老大,咱是不是也搞一个?很高大上啊

靠,你们搞帮派啦?还是拖拉机啊!

高啊搞啊!shop

你好鸭,manabot3!

@manabank给您叫了一份外卖!

@annepink 萍萍 迎着闪电 徒步 给您送来
四喜丸子

吃饱了吗?跟我猜拳吧! 石头,剪刀,布~

如果您对我的服务满意,请不要吝啬您的点赞~
@onepagex

需要啊,节点服务不需要见证人账号(但是不能生产区块数据了).见证人账号也设置到节点服务的配置中,全网才能计算有效时间,还需要投票数量,连着累积,才能出块,获得奖励呢.

这样啊,我明天搭一个见证人试试!thumbup

除非用于研发,否则没有人投票,很难参与区块生产吧?很费钱?

那要是不要了,能取消见证人吗?

Hello @acu.fund! You are amazing!


command: !thumbup is powered by witness @justyy and his contributions are: https://steemyy.com
More commands are coming!

你好鸭,acu.fund!

@sherryzhou给您叫了一份外卖!

@honoru 米高 迎着台风 骑着飞鸽 给您送来
高端大气巧克力

吃饱了吗?跟我猜拳吧! 石头,剪刀,布~

如果您对我的服务满意,请不要吝啬您的点赞~
@onepagex

进不了TOP20,好像都亏钱呢,目前steem都跌倒TOP 88了,谁敢投啊?

就当一个博客内容的备份平台,不花钱,不是挺好的?

进TOP20不太容易呢,中文区一个也没有,没见过不重视中文市场,能搞好的区块链项目.

靠这个挣钱?想钱想疯了吧?你

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  • collusive voting
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我也想搭建一个见证人服务器呢,要不我帮你把这个教程翻译英文版?

是应该扩大中文社区的世界影响力,好文就要走出世界,应该组织一个翻译队,也翻译成韩文、日文.

可惜,我也只会英文.
很期待会日韩文,是什么样子?:)美女比较多吧?
steem上中文社区美女不多吧?

学习了.
那些老外文章,真心看不懂

写得真够详细,想操作错误,都难:)

中文区有哪些见证人啊?应该有个中文区的群组,大家即时交流互动.

别用WX了,都FQ了,还用!discord最好

中文区有几个见证人大牛啊?有TOP20的吗?扶持一下新手吗:(

老大,怎么被downvote了?默哀一下!呵呵

@ocdb25 @threespeak
能知道你们为何为这篇文章downvote吗?这是篇原创文章啊?!内容有问题吗?谢谢
Can I know why you downvote for this article? This is an original article?! Is there a problem with the content?thanks

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支持您的DIY贴子

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是啊,所有中文区都投同样的扶持中文社区的见证人,总有一个能进TOP20吧?

steem如果中文区搞不起来,也不会有什么大的前途.

搞一个中文区的见证人联盟:)!BEER

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  • vote farming
    You're churning out content (often low quality), in quick successions with abnormal number and/or upvote size.

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