The first camera was invented by Alexander Wolcott and camera design was patented on 8 may, 1840. With the invention of Alexander Wolcott it was possible to click candid pictures that did not fade away with time.
The use of photographic film was possible by George Eastman, who started manufacturing paper film in 1885 before switching to celluloid in 1888-1889. His first camera, which he called the "Kodak," was first offered for sale in 1888.
This is remarkable achievement.
Let's talk about modern camera, way back in 1974, a young engineer at Kodak named Steven Sasson was given a project: examining the imaging performance of CCDs (charge-coupled devices). Sasson quickly realized the potential of the device, and about a year later, he took the first digital camera image ever. His device had a resolution of 0.01 megapixels, weighed 8 pounds, and took 23 seconds to record a single image to a cassette tape, just compare with your phone camera we are evolve cameras alot.