Thirty-nine treasures of the town 154
Chinese civilization has a long history of 5,000 years and shines brightly in the world, and the vast cultural books and ingenious cultural relics constitute a section of Chinese history. In these many cultural relics and treasures there are many national treasures, I recommend those national treasures for you, they are either the most of a category, or the king of a category, or the best, or the only, or rare, or rare in the world ......
The Houmuwu Tripod, unearthed in 1939 in Wuguan Village, Anyang, Henan Province, was named Houmuwu Tripod because of the three characters "Houmuwu" cast on the inner wall of its belly. The Houmuwu Tripod, with a height of 133 cm, a mouth length of 112 cm, a mouth width of 79.2 cm, and a weight of 832.84 kg, is a masterpiece of bronzes of the Shang and Zhou dynasties and a national cultural relic. The Hou Mu Wu Tripod is the largest and heaviest bronze ever unearthed in the world, and is known as the "King of Bronzes" and the "Treasure of the State".
Four Sheep Square Dzun
The Four Sheep Square Dzun, a bronze ritual vessel of the late Shang Dynasty, was unearthed in 1938 on the hillside of Shuelun, Yuezanpu, Huangcai Town, Ningxiang County, Hunan Province. It is collected in the National Museum of China. The Four Sheep Square Dzong is the largest surviving Shang Dynasty bronze square dzong in China, with each side measuring 52.4 cm, 58.3 cm in height, and weighing 34.5 kg, and has been described by historians as "the ultimate bronze example" and ranked as one of the top ten national treasures.
Mao Gong Ding
The Mao Gong Ding, a bronze vessel cast by Mao Gong in the late Western Zhou Dynasty, was unearthed in Qishan, Shaanxi Province in 1843 and is now in the National Palace Museum in Taipei. The tripod is 53.8 cm in height and 47.9 cm in diameter. It is round, with two standing ears, a deep abdomen and a three-hoofed foot, and the mouth is decorated with a band of heavy rings. The inscription inside the tripod is four hundred and ninety-nine characters long, recording Mao Gong's heartfelt dedication to King Xuan of Zhou for his country, which is regarded as "worthy of a Shang Shu". The calligraphy is a mature style of Western Zhou gold writing, which is characterized by its fanciful movement, majestic weather, round and strong brushwork, and long and square form. It is an important historical source for the study of the political history of the late Western Zhou.
The San dish, also known as racks, is a bronze vessel of the late Western Zhou Dynasty, so named because of the inscription "San's". It was unearthed in Fengxiang, Shaanxi Province (Fengxiang County, Baoji City) in the early Qianlong period of the Qing Dynasty and is now in the National Palace Museum in Taipei. The dish is 20.6 cm in height and 54.6 cm in diameter. Round, shallow belly, double-attached ears, and high footrim. The belly is decorated with a kui decoration and the footrim is decorated with a beast's face. The inner base is cast with an inscription of 19 lines and 357 characters. It is an important historical source for studying the land system of the Western Zhou Dynasty. Together with the Mao Gong Ding and the Guo Jizi White Plate, the San's Plate is known as one of the three major bronze vessels of the Western Zhou Dynasty, and together with the Mao Gong Ding, the Dayu Ding and the Guo Jizi White Plate, they are known as the four national treasures of the late Qing Dynasty, all of which are famous for their long inscriptions and exquisite calligraphy.
Spring and Autumn King Goujian Sword
The sword of King Goujian of Yue, a late Spring and Autumn Period bronze vessel of the State of Yue, was unearthed in 1965 from Tomb No. 1 in Wangshan, Jiangling County, Hubei Province. The sword is 55.7 cm in height, 4.6 cm in width, 8.4 cm in hilt length, and 875 grams in weight, and is extremely sharp. The sword is known as the "No. 1 sword in the world" because it has been plated with a layer of chromium-containing metal and will not rust for a thousand years.
Western Zhou He Zun
He Zun (He Zun), a national cultural relic, is a sacrificial vessel made by a Western Zhou nobleman named He in the early Western Zhou Dynasty of China, and was unearthed in 1963 in Jiacun Town, Baoji County, Baoji City, Shaanxi Province (now Chencang District, Baoji City). The zun is 38.8 cm high, 28.8 cm in diameter, and weighs 14.6 kg. There are 12 lines and 122 characters of inscriptions cast on the bottom of the zun, among which Zhazi China is the earliest written record of the word "China".
Zeng Houyi Chime was unearthed in 1978 in Suixian, Hubei Province (present-day Suizhou City). The Zenghouyi Chime, 748CM long, 335CM wide and 273CM high, is a huge instrument composed of sixty-five bronze chimes, with a range of five and a half octaves and twelve semitones. Its superb casting technology and good musical performance have rewritten the history of music in the world, and it has been called a "rare treasure" by Chinese and foreign experts and scholars.
Western Zhou Dake Tripod
The Western Zhou Dake Tripod was unearthed in 1890 in Fufeng, Shaanxi Province (present-day Ren Village, Famen Town, Fufeng County, Baoji City), and is in the Shanghai Museum. The tripod is 93.1 cm high, weighing 201.5 kg, with a caliber of 75.6 cm. The Dake Tripod is 93.1 cm in height, 75.6 cm in caliber, 74.9 cm in diameter, 43 cm in depth, and weighs 201.5 kg. The Dake Tripod is known as one of the "Three Treasures of Bronze Ware in China", together with the Dapu Tripod (now in the National Museum of China) and the Mao Gong Tripod (now in the National Palace Museum, Taipei).
The Great Bronze Tripod, also known as the 23rd sacrificial tripod, was unearthed in 1849 in Lixian Village, Mui County, Shaanxi Province (now Meixian County, Baoji City), and was collected in the Shanghai Museum in 1952 and transferred to the National Museum of Chinese History (now the National Museum of China) in 1959. The tripod is 101.9 cm high, 77.8 cm in diameter, and weighs 153.5 kg. The 291-character inscription records King Kang of Zhou's enjoining of the pellet in Zongzhou. It is a true reflection of the social conditions of the time and is of great historical value. The inscription is an important historical source for historians studying the feudal system of the Zhou dynasty and the relationship between the king and his vassals, and has always been valued by historians. In terms of calligraphic achievement, the Dabauding is a masterpiece of gold calligraphy from the early Western Zhou Dynasty, as it was the first of its kind in the Chengkang period.
Western Zhou Guo Jizi White Plate
The White Plate of Guo Jizi, an artifact from the reign of King Xuan of the Western Zhou Dynasty, was excavated during the Daoguang period of the Qing Dynasty in Baoji, Shaanxi Province, and is now housed in the National Museum of China. It is now in the National Museum of China. The Guo Jizi White Plate is considered to be one of the finest pieces of Western Zhou gold writing. It is 137.2 cm long, 86.5 cm wide, 39.5 cm high, and weighs 215.3 kg. The Guo Jizi White Plate is considered a masterpiece of Western Zhou gold inscriptions.
Bronze sacred trees
Bronze sacred trees, eight in total, late Xia Dynasty bronzes, were excavated in 1986 at the Sanxingdui site in Guanghan, Sichuan, and collected in the Sichuan Sanxingdui Museum. One of the large sacred trees is 3.96 meters high, with a trunk residual height of 3.84 meters. This bronze sacred tree, cast 3000 years ago, is extremely spectacular and unique and rare in the world.
Western Zhou Li Gui
The Li Gui, also known as "King Wu's conquest of the Shang Dynasty", "Zhou Dynasty's Heavenly Destruction Gui" or "Tangong Gui", is a bronze vessel from the early Western Zhou Dynasty, unearthed in 1976 in Zero Kou Town, Lintong County, Shaanxi Province, and collected in the National Museum of China. National Museum of China. Li Gu is 28 cm in height, 22 cm in diameter, and weighs 7.95 kg. Li Gui is the earliest known Western Zhou bronze vessel, and is a state bronze vessel. It is typical of the early Western Zhou bronze gui, and is also a reflection of the ancient Chinese concept of the circle of heaven and earth.
Zeng Houyi Zun Plate
The Zeng Houyi Zun Plate is a relic of the early Warring States period, excavated in 1978 from the tomb of Zeng Houyi in Suizhou City, Hubei Province, and housed in the Hubei Provincial Museum. The whole set is 42 cm in height, 58 cm in diameter, and weighs about 30 kg. The Zenghouyi zun plate is the most complex and exquisite bronze piece of the Spring and Autumn and Warring States period. It confirms that in the early Warring States period, 2,400 years ago, Chinese lost-wax casting technology had reached an extremely high level.
Bronze Prancing Horse
The bronze galloping horse, also known as the "Flying Swallow", was unearthed in 1969 at the Lei Tai Han Tomb in Wuwei, Gansu Province, and is now in the Gansu Provincial Museum. "It is 34.5 cm in height, 45 cm in length and 13 cm in width. Since its excavation, it has been regarded as a symbol of ancient China's superb casting industry, and the horse is also a wonder of Chinese bronze art.
Phoenix Crown of Empress Xiaojing of the Ming Dynasty
The phoenix crown of Empress Xiaojing of the Ming Dynasty, excavated from the Dingling Mausoleum in Changping County, Beijing in 1957, is now in the National Museum of China. The phoenix crown of Empress Xiaojing of the Ming Dynasty, with over 100 rubies and sapphires and more than 5,000 pearls, weighs a total of 2,320 grams (four pounds and six taels). In comparison, the helmets of our soldiers weighed under 1.45 kg (less than three pounds).
Five stars out of the East to benefit China" shoulder guard
The "Five Stars Out of the East for China" arm guard, a Han Dynasty Shu brocade arm guard, is a national cultural relic and has been hailed as one of the greatest discoveries in Chinese archaeology in the 20th century, having been found in an ancient tomb at the Nia site in Minfeng County, Hotan District, Xinjiang in October 1995 by members of a Sino-Japanese academic expedition to the Nia site. It is now in the Xinjiang Museum. The brocade is rectangular with rounded corners, 18.5 cm long and 12.5 cm wide, and is woven with eight Chinese characters: "Five stars come out of the East to benefit China". Through the study of the "Five Star Gathering", scientists have projected that a rare astronomical spectacle of the Five Star Gathering will occur on September 9, 2040.
Red Mountain Culture Goddess Statue
The Red Mountain Culture Goddess statue, unearthed in 1983 at the Red Mountain Culture "Goddess Temple" in Niuheliang, Liaoning Province, is the earliest Goddess statue in China, and is now in the Liaoning Archaeological Institute.
Liu Sheng Witch Hazel Cloth
Liu Sheng's jade coat is a relic of the Western Han Dynasty, unearthed in May 1968 in Mancheng County, Hebei Province, and collected in the Hebei Museum. This complete witch hazel jade clothes burial suit, the first major discovery known in China and abroad, is a very precious historical relic and is considered a national treasure. Liu Sheng's jade suit is 1.88 meters long, with 2,498 pieces of jade and about 1,100 grams of gold wire, and its appearance is the same as the shape of the human body. In the "jade clothes" also found jade jade bi eighteen pieces, as well as rice containing, wearing things.
Warring States crystal cup
The crystal cup, a Warring States relic, was unearthed in 1990 at the Warring States tomb in Shitang Village, Hanshan Town, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province. The Warring States crystal cup, 15.4 cm in height, 7.8 cm in caliber and 5.4 cm in base diameter, is the largest of the early crystal products excavated in China to date, and is an unparalleled treasure. This cup is now in the Hangzhou History Museum.
Shang Dynasty Sun God Bird Gold Ornament
The Sun God Bird Gold Ornament, a relic of the Shang and Zhou dynasties, was unearthed on February 25, 2001, at the Jinsha Site in Chengdu and is now in the Chengdu Jinsha Site Museum. The gold ornament of the Sun God Bird, with an outer diameter of 12.5 and an inner diameter of 5.29 and a thickness of 0.02 (cm) weighing 20 grams, has a gold foil content of 94.2% and is made of natural alluvial gold. The Sun God Bird Gold Ornament is a representative of the brilliant achievements of gold craftsmanship in ancient Shu, symbolizing the dream of flying in the sky three thousand years ago.
Jade phoenix from the tomb of Feminine Good in Anyang, Henan
A jade phoenix from the tomb of Wenhao in Anyang, Henan Province, unearthed in 1976, 13.6 cm long and 0.7 cm thick, is now in the National Museum of China. This is the earliest jade phoenix shape ever found and the most exquisite of the decorative objects from the tomb of Wenhao.
Jade Seal of the Empress of the Western Han Dynasty
The "Seal of the Empress" jade seal, a relic of the Western Han Dynasty, was unearthed in 1968 in the village of Woljiagou, Hanjiawan, Xianyang City, Shaanxi Province. The jade seal of the Empress's Seal of the Western Han Dynasty, 2 cm high and 2.8 cm long, is now in the Shaanxi History Museum. To date, the seal of the Empress remains the highest-ranking and only imperial jade seal of the two Han dynasties that we have found, and is a national cultural relic. Experts believe that the discovery of this jade seal has created two national bests: first, it is the earliest imperial seal found in China; and second, the owner of the jade seal is the earliest dated empress.
A jade ceremonial vessel from the early Shang Dynasty, a national cultural relic unearthed in 1974 from the No. 3 tomb of Lijiazui in Panlongcheng, Huangpi, and housed in the Hubei Museum. It is 94 cm long, 14 cm wide and only 1 cm thick, which is very rare among the jade vessels of the Shang Dynasty, and is the longest among the jade golems excavated so far.
Liangzhu culture jade scepter
This is the first of the jade scepters of Liangzhu culture from the Neolithic period. It is collected in Zhejiang Provincial Museum. This jade saker is 8.9 cm in height, 17.1-17.6 cm in upper projection, 16.5-17.5 cm in lower projection, 5 cm in outer diameter and 3.8 cm in inner diameter of the hole. It is the largest, heaviest, and most beautifully crafted of all the jade scepters found in Liangzhu, and is known as the "King of Cong".
Yan Zhenqing's Manuscript for Offering Nephews
Yan Zhenqing's Manuscript for Offering Nephews is a calligraphy postscript of Yan Zhenqing. The original is in cursive ink, 28.2 cm in length, 72.3 cm in width, 25 lines, 230 characters in total. This is Yan Zhenqing's nephew Ji Ming and his father Gao Qing in the first year of virtue (756) between the martyrdom of the An Shi Rebellion, Yan Zhenqing in the first year of Qian (785) before the nephew's spirit, in extreme grief and anger to write this manuscript. This manuscript is not a book, but an automatic one in the sky, with the seal method in the line, like molten gold out of the smelting, flowing anywhere, a thousand miles, sometimes out of the vigor, mixed with flowing beauty. As Su Dongpo said, "The calligraphy is excellent because it is unintentional", and it has been called "the second best running script in the world", comparable to Wang Xizhi's "Lanting Preface".
Su Shi's "Cold Eclipse Post
The cold eclipse post" is also known as "Huangzhou cold eclipse poem post" or "Huangzhou cold eclipse post". Is Su Shi wrote a poem and book, ink ink paper, 34.2 cm across, 18.9 cm long, 17 lines, 129 words, is now hidden in the National Palace Museum in Taipei. Because of the appreciation and praise, the world will be "cold eclipse post" and the Eastern Jin Wang Xizhi "lanting preface", the Tang Dynasty Yan Zhenqing "sacrifice nephew draft" together as "the world's three major line book", or single "cold eclipse post" for "the world's third line book".
Pingfu post" for the Jin dynasty Lu Ji calligraphy works, tooth-colored linen ink, 9 lines of 84 characters. Pingfu post" written in the western Jin Dynasty, is the earliest era of the famous philatelic, is also the first in the history of the orderly circulation of philatelic ink. With "the ancestor of the legal post" reputation, witnessed the flow of Chinese characters. Now in the National Palace Museum.
Dwelling in the Fuchun Mountains
Dwelling in the Fuchun Mountains is a painting and calligraphy of the Yuan Dynasty, painted by the painter Huang Gongwang for Zheng Simarouba (useless division), taking three to four years to complete, with the Fuchun River in Zhejiang Province as the background. In the late Ming Dynasty, the painting came into the hands of Wu Hongyu, a collector who loved it so much that he ordered it to be burned for burial before his death, but his nephew rescued it from the fire. The longer section, called the "Useless Master Scroll", is now in the National Palace Museum in Taipei, and the front section, called the "Remaining Mountains", is now in the Zhejiang Provincial Museum.
Han Hwang's Five Cattle Picture
Han Hwang's "Five Cattle Picture" is one of the ten most famous paintings in China, and is one of the few authentic works of paper and silk painting from the Tang Dynasty. Five Bulls" is on linen paper, 20.8 cm in length and 139.8 cm in width, without author's mark, and is inscribed by fourteen artists, including Zhao Gu, Zhao Mengfu, Sun Hong, Xiang Yuanbi, Hongli, and Jin Nong. With five cows in different forms, Han Hwang's simple painting style and exquisite artistic skills show the highest level achieved in painting cows in the Tang Dynasty.
Qingming Shanghetu, one of the ten most famous Chinese paintings. It is the only surviving masterpiece of the Northern Song Dynasty painter Zhang Zeduan, a national treasure, and is now in the Palace Museum in Beijing. The painting is 25.2 cm wide and 528 cm long, with color on silk. It is unique in the history of Chinese and world painting. In the five-meter-long scroll, there are 814 figures of various colors, 73 cattle, mules, donkeys and other livestock, more than twenty carts and sedan chairs, and twenty-nine boats of various sizes. It is a miracle that it has been preserved intact after a thousand years of tossing and turning by the hand of Gu Ma-zhong, a famous painter of the Southern Tang Dynasty in the Fifth Dynasty.
Northern Song Dynasty Ru Kiln Celestial Green Water Fairy Pot
This is the only surviving Ru kiln water immortal basin of the Northern Song Dynasty. The Ru kiln has always been ranked as one of the top five famous kilns of the Song Dynasty. For a considerable period of time, the Ru kiln was thought to be in Linyu County, Henan Province, but no site has been found. It is said that Ru porcelain glaze contains agate, the main component of which is silicon oxide, so that it can take on a pure, azure color. The Ru kiln is known as the crown of celadon with its warm azure glaze and unique style. It is extremely rare and valuable, with less than 70 pieces in the world's collections, and 21 pieces in the collection of the National Palace in Taipei.
Beast's Head Agate Cup
The Beast's Head Agate Cup, a Tang Dynasty drinking vessel, was excavated in 1970 in Hejia Village, a southern suburb of Xi'an, and is housed in the Shaanxi History Museum. From the selection of materials, design and craftsmanship, the Tang Beast's Head Agate Cup can be called a fine piece of jade carving art of the Tang Dynasty. It is the only piece of playful jade carving of the Tang Dynasty seen so far, and is one of the most exquisite pieces of jade work of the Tang Dynasty, which is unique in China, and it is an isolated piece at home and abroad, as well as a product of cultural exchange between China and abroad during the Tang Dynasty.
True Pearl Relic Sculpture
True Pearl Relic Treasure Building, on April 12, 1978, three Suzhou elementary school students playing in the Ruiguang Pagoda inadvertently touched a loose brick in the heart of the pagoda and opened it to find a cave. A treasure trove that had been sealed for a thousand years was opened. A priceless treasure, the Northern Song Dynasty True Pearl Relic Treasure Block, came into existence. The beautiful shape and exquisite craftsmanship of the whole pagoda are rare in the world, representing the collection of Suzhou craftsmanship in the whole Northern Song Dynasty.
Western Han Dynasty Straight Train Garment
The Zen garment with a straight train was excavated in 1972 from the Mawangdui Han tomb in Changsha and is now in the Hunan Provincial Museum. The garment is 128 cm long, with 195 cm long sleeves, 29 cm wide cuffs, 48 cm wide waist, and 49 cm wide hem. It is one of the earliest, best preserved, most elaborate and lightest pieces of clothing in existence, and has a very important place in the history of silk weaving, costume and technology in ancient China.
Blue and White Glazed Red Porcelain Barn
Glazed red porcelain barn in blue and white, a porcelain barn of the pavilion style of the Yuan Dynasty, excavated in Jingdezhen, Jiangxi Province in 1974, now in the Jiangxi Provincial Museum. This porcelain barn, with its charming shape, is a precious artifact even though it is a burial vessel. The blue and white glazed red porcelain is very rare, as a pavilion-style porcelain barn, and has a clear chronology, so far only the only example.
Three color camel figurine with music
The three-color camel carrying music figurine is a relic of the Tang dynasty, excavated in 1959 from a Tang tomb in Zhongbao village in the western suburbs of Xi'an, Shaanxi province, measuring 58 cm in height and 41 cm in length. It is now in the Shaanxi History Museum, and is one of the finest of the Tang tri-colors. Although buried underground for more than 1,300 years, the Tang camel figurine was still glorious when it was unearthed, and it is the only one of its kind to be assessed as a national treasure.
Gilded Silver Jug with Dancing Horses and Cups
Gilt silver jug with a dancing horse and a cup, a relic of the Tang dynasty, excavated in 1970 from a cellar in the southern suburb of Hejia Village, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, 14.8 cm high and 2.3 cm in diameter. It is now in the Shaanxi History Museum. The body of the horse, the beam, the lid, and the "concentric knot" band are all gilt, making the silver pot magnificent and bright. It is an ingeniously conceived and finely crafted pot, the likes of which have not been seen in the past or present, and is considered a national treasure.
Qin Stone Drum Script
The Stone Drum Script is a Qin carved stone script, named after its resemblance to a drum. It was found in the early Tang Dynasty, with ten pieces, about two feet in height and three feet in diameter, inscribed with a poem in quatrain in large seal script, totaling seven hundred and eighteen characters. For thousands of years, scholars have been discussing the exact age of the Stone Drum Script, and have put forward various opinions, but there is still no definite conclusion that can be agreed upon by everyone. The Shiguwen is the earliest surviving stone inscription in China. It is also the most revered "round brush script" among calligraphers of the past and present. The original stone is now in the Stone Drum Museum of the National Palace Museum.
Stork and stone axe painted pottery jar
Stork and fish stone axe picture pottery jar, 1978 unearthed in Linru County (now Ruzhou City) Yan Village, Henan Province, the pre-neolithic funerary objects. It is of red pottery sand, 47 cm high, 32.7 cm in diameter, and 19.5 cm in base diameter. On one side of the outer wall of the vessel belly is the famous stork stone axe figure. The picture is 37 cm high and 44 cm wide, accounting for about half of the surface area of the cylinder. The picture is realistic and vivid, with harmonious colors, ancient and beautiful, and extremely rich in mood. It is collected in the National Museum of China. In 2002, the stork and stone axe painted pottery jar was included in the first batch of precious cultural relics banned from exhibition in China. (China Culture News Zhang Mu)