Hello steemian friends:
Today I would like to share with you the Imperial Palace, one of the two remaining palaces in China, Shenyang Imperial Palace.
Shenyang imperial palace, established by Nuerhachi and Huangtaiji, was the auxiliary palace after the Qing Dynasty entered the Shanhaiguan Pass. As one of the two well-preserved ancient palaces, Shenyang Imperial Palace is famous for its Manchu(满族)characteristics.
The Shenyang Imperial Palace is the founding area of the Qing Dynasty. In 1616, Nuerhachi, the chief of a Nuzhen tribe in Jiazhou in the Ming Dynasty, unified all Nuzhen tribes, and declared himself khan, establishing Great jin authority in Hetu'ala in the territory of today's Xinbin in Liaoning Province. In 1621, Liaoshen region was occupied, and 1n 1625, the capital was moved from Liaoyang to Shenyang, and the Shenyang Imperial Palace was constructed. After Huangtaiji inherited the throne of khan in 1626. the constrution of the palace was continued.
in 1636, Huangtaij formally succeeded to the throne in this palace, and changed the name of the state into the Great Qing. Afte the Qing Dynasty moved its capital to Beijing in 1644, the Shenyang Imperial Palace was preserved and continued to be expanded. From 1671 to 1829, the Qing emperors,including Kangxi, Qianlong Jiaqing and Daoguang, who visited the northeast region to offer sacrifices to their ancestors, all stayed in the palace, and held celebrations and sacrifice ceremonies here.
It is smaller than the Forbidden City, Beijing, China. It takes an area of more than 60,000 square meters, including more than 100 ancient architectures. and is about one-sixth of the Forbidden City.
The Dazheng Hall and Ten Pavilions in the east were constructed by Nuerhachil; the Daqing Gate, the reign period of Huangtaiji, with the auxiliary palace and the Temple of Imperial Ancestors on the two sides, the Wensu Pavillion and the Performing Stage in the west constructed during Qianlong's period.
As the imperial forbidden area, it was inscribed on the list of World Cultural and Natural Heritage.
Ok, so let's look at it.
I got off the car from here and walked to the main entrance.
Move down inside, you can see a pedestrian street in front of the Palace.
The left is the main entrance of the Palace and the right is The Palace Museum.
after buying the ticket, I entered the main Gate of Daqing (进入故宫正门大清门) which was being repaired.
Walking in the yard, I saw The Chongzhen Pavilion being repaired which is the place where the emperor worked in it. what a pity! Walking through it normally, you can see the highest pavilion, The Fenghuang Pavilion. That day I had to turn to other path..
So I saw The Jialiang 嘉量 .
The Jialiang was a standard measurement instrument in ancient China. They were used to symbolize the lasting sovereignty and unity of the country.
This is The Fenghuang Pavilion 凤凰楼:
The Fenghuang Pavilion was built in 4 meters high platform which made of the blue brick . it is a place where emperor and his empress 、 concubines used to reading or having a rest .
There are dozens of steps in the front of it, which leads to the ground. Stepping up the phoenix tower, you can see the whole view of the city.
It was the highest building in shengjing at that time.
The words, 紫气东来，in the horizontal inscribed board which was written by the emperor Qianlong, and has been hanging in it.
In the Shenyang imperial palace, every palace which was built on more than three-meters high platform, surrounded with walls and ring road, was a closed castal.
this conform the nvzhen's( Manchu ancestors) traditional habits living for a long time in the mountains.
Bottom is the inside door, it is a channel going out and coming in the Imperial palace.
With a gallery, yellow glazed tiles and green edge，it looks very beautiful and its artistic beauty is so amazing!
The Qingning Palace 清宁宫
it was the central palace of the Shengjing Imperial Palace.The eastern chamber was the bedchamber of Huangtaiji and his empress,and the western four rooms
were the places where the Shaman sacrificial ceremonies were held and the emperor entertained guests. After the Qing Dynasty moved the capital to Beijing, emperors still held sacrificial ceremonies here according to the old
rites when they visited Shengjing. The architecture was deemed as the model of the Manchu traditional residence.
The East Palace 东所
The East Palace, constructed from the Qianlong period, was also called the East Palace, because it was located to the east of the Chongzhen Hall. It was the temporary palace for empress dowagers when the emperors visited the east, including the Yihe Hall, the Jiezhi Palace, etc.
颐和殿 The Yihe Hall
The Yihe Hall, served as the place where the empress dowager held ceremonies and entertained female family members of the princes and officials.
介祉宫 The Jiezhi Palace
The eastern chamber was the residence of empress dowager during the stay in Shengjing. The emperor led all concubine to greet empress dowager here every day.
crossing the door，you can see the Jingdian Pavilion.
The following is The Jingdian Pavilion 敬典阁:
The Jingdian Pavilion，served as the place where Yudie(the imperial genealogical recaords)were kept. Yudie was the pedigree of the Aisin Gioro family, which was revised every 10 years in Qing Dynasty. Since Emperor Qianlong, one copy had been sent here for collection after each revision.
That's all for today，I hope you like it!
To be continued until next time.
Thank you !