Oskar Schindler's Enamel Factory - Muzeum Historyczne Miasta (Kraków)

in travel •  last year

if you are in krakow, you are absolutely visit Oskar Schindler's Enamel Factory - Muzeum Historyczne Miasta
schindler's list film, one of the best films, was shot here





Oskar Schindler (1908-1974) was born in Svitavy (Zwittau) in Moravia, then the province of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Schindler, ethnically German and Catholic, II. During World War II, about 1200 Jews saved from being sent to Auschwitz. Schindler began working with the German Military External Intelligence Office in 1936. In February 1939 the Nazi Party attended. Schindler, an opportunistic businessman who knows how to enjoy the beauty of life, never looked like a candidate to save people in times of war.



Schindler moved to Krakow after German occupation of Poland. In the Occupied Poland, the Germans took advantage of the "Aryanization" program and bought a Jewish enamel ware in November 1939 and built a factory known as Emalia. Schindler hired Jews, who were forced to work in Emalia only from nearby Krakow ghetto, while operating two other factories. During the liquidation of the ghetto in March 1943, Schindler allowed the Jewish workers to stay in the factory, which was relatively safe at night. Emalia, who lived in the golden age of 1994, employed 1,700 workers. At least 1000 of these workers were Jews who had been taken to the Plaszow concentration camp and forced to work.



Though the prisoners in Emalia were still exposed to the brutal conditions of the Plaszow concentration camp, Schindler was constantly mediating in their behalf through bribery and personal diplomacy. He also added a weapons production department to Emalia to support his claim that the German war effort was necessary. In addition to the fact that nearly 1000 Jews who were forced into labor were registered as their own workers, Schindler allowed 450 Jews living in nearby factories to live in Emalia. Schindler's protection of these workers and some business associations led the German authorities to suspect that he was out of the way and that he had been given unauthorized help to the Jews. The SS and the police authorities arrested him three times but could not find any charges.


In October 1944 Schindler acquired the authority to transport the plant to Bruennlitz (Brnenec) in Moravia. One of his assistants drafted a few versions of a 1200-man Jewish prisoner list to work in the new factory. These lists are known under the common name of "Schindler's List". Despite being classified as a weapons factory, the Bruennlitz facility produced an ammunition for only about eight months, which is only one wagon-packed ammunition. Schindler confirmed the existence of the production to the German authorities, arguing forged production figures.


Schindler and his wife immigrated to Argentina in 1949. Israel Holocaust Memorial Museum Yad Vashem gave the title "Righteous Among the Nations" for his efforts in 1962 to Schindler during the war. Schindler died in Germany in October 1974, almost unpatented and almost unrecognizable. Schindler's story caught more attention with Steven Spielberg's 1993 film Schindler's List. During the Holocaust Schindler helped a total of 800 Jewish men and 300 to 400 Jewish women survive.


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