10 Amazing Facts about our my Country Philippines #SteemitPh

in #travel3 years ago

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The Philippines dubbed as Pearl of the Orient consists of more than 7,100 beautiful islands sculpted by Mother Nature through time. It has been battered by bad weathers, shook by strong earthquakes, and reformed by volcanic eruptions.

Although it has faced and been captured by stronger countries in the past, it has remained to be resilient. Our country never ceases to amaze me, and there is a lot more about the Philippines that most people don’t know. Here are 10 facts about the Philippines that might blow your mind:

  1. Two of the largest naval battles in history were fought in the Philippine seas.

Battleship Yamato
The Imperial Japanese Battleship Yamato during sea trials in October 1941.

The Battle of the Philippine Sea (June 19–20, 1944) and the Battle of Leyte Gulf (October 23–26, 1944) both hold a mind-blowing record for being the largest naval battle in history for some criteria.

The Battle of Philippine Sea is considered as the largest aircraft carrier battle in history. The standoff between the US Navy and the Japanese Empire Navy involved 15 US fleet and light carriers, 9 Japanese carriers, 170 other warships and about 1,700 aircraft. The US fifth Fleet’s Task Force 58 that took action during the battle is also considered by historians as the largest single naval formation ever to give a battle.

And how could we forget the Battle of Leyte Gulf? This naval battle, which consisted of the Battle of Cape Engano, the Battle off Samar, the Battle of Sibuyan Sea and the Battle of Surigao Strait, is considered the largest in terms of tonnage of ships engaged and in terms of terms of tonnage of ships sunk. Some historians also considered it as the largest naval battle ever fought.

Carrier USS Intrepid
US Navy’s aircraft carrier USS Intrepid operating in the Philippine sea in November 1944 during Word War 2. Photo by the US Navy.

The Battle of Leyte Gulf was a clash of naval prowess between the US 3rd and 7th Fleets (assisted by the Australian Royal Navy) and the Japanese Imperial Navy during the World War II. The combined forces of the United States 3rd and 7th Fleets and some Australian warships included 8 large aircraft carriers, 8 light carriers, 12 battleships,18 escort carriers, 24 cruisers, 141 destroyers and destroyer escorts, several other ships, and some 1,500 aircraft. The Allied Forces came out victorious against the Japanese forces, which comprised of 4 aircraft carriers, 9 battleships, 19 cruisers, 34 destroyers and hundreds of aircraft.

Also read: 8 Facts about the Battle of Leyte Gulf that Will Blow Your Mind

  1. There’s an islet in the Philippines within a lake on an island within a lake on an island.

Taal Volcano
Aerial photo of Taal Volcano. Photo by Mike Gonzalez via Wikimedia Commons.

Did you get it? Let’s rephrase that. In the Philippines, there’s an islet (Vulcan Point) within a lake (Main Crater of Taal Volcano) on an island (Volcano Island) within a lake (Taal Lake) on an island (Luzon).

The Vulcan Point is an islet inside the crater lake (known as the Main Crater Lake) of Taal Volcano, the smallest active volcano in the world. The Vulcan Point is also considered as the world’s largest island within a lake on an island in a lake on an island. The islet was formed when the deposits of the huge eruption that occurred in 1911 extensively changed the floor of the Main Crater.

Taal volcano crater
The Main Crater and the Vulcan Point at Taal Volcano. Photo by FAQ.ph

Tourists from the Philippines and other parts of the world visit the Volcano Island and trek the Taal Volcano to see the stunning view of the Main Crater and the Vulcan Point inside it.

  1. Of the 10 largest shopping malls in the world, 3 are in the Philippines.

SM Megamall
The Mega Fashion Hall of SM Megamall, the largest mall in the Philippines and third largest in the world in terms of gross leasable area. Image by RioHondo via Wikipedia.

Filipinos love going to mall, whether to shop, dine, watch movies or just have fun roaming around. That is why it’s not surprising that 3 of the 10 largest malls in the world are found in the Philippines.

Based on the gross leasable area, SM Megamall is the 3rd largest mall in the world, while SM City North EDSA and SM Mall of Asia are the 4th and 10th largest, respectively. The expansion made on SM Megamall in 2014 has transformed the mall as the largest mall in the Philippines, surpassing SM City North EDSA.

SM Megamall occupies a land area of approximately 10 hectares and has an estimated total retail floor area of 506,435 m2 (5,451,220 sq ft), while SM City North EDSA and SM Mall of Asia have estimated total retail floor area of 482,878 m2 (5,197,660 sq ft) and 406,962 m2 (4,380,500 sq ft), respectively. That makes the 3 malls occupy a whooping total retail area of 1,396,275 square meters or 15,029,380 square feet!

Also read: What is the total land area occupied by all SM Supermalls in the Philippines?

Philippine flags
The Philippine flag during the period of peace (left) and during a state of war (right).

  1. The National Flag of the Philippines can be inverted to officially declare a state of war.
    The Philippine National Flag is the only flag which may be reversed when the country is in the state of war. The Flag’s design is a horizontal bicolor of blue and red, with a white equilateral triangle at the hoist, containing three golden-yellow stars and a sun with eight primary rays at the center.

During a state of war, the Philippine Flag is inverted, showing the red stripe at the top. The Flag was hoisted this way during the Filipino Revolutionary War (1898-1901) and in the World War II (1941–1945).

  1. The three largest known pearls in the world were found in the Philippines.

Giant clam or Tridacna gigas
Giant clam or Tridacna gigas. Photo by Jan Derk.

The Pearl of Lao Tzu (also known as Pearl of Allah) is the largest known pearl in the world. It was found in Brookes Point, Palawan by a Filipino diver in 1934. The pearl, which measures 9.45 inches in diameter and weighs 6.4 kilograms (14 lbs), is a “clam pearl” or “Tridacna pearl” from a giant clam Tridacna gigas. The pearl was appraised by Gemologist Michael Steenrod in Colorado Springs at $60,000,000 in 1982 and $93,000,000 in 2007.

The “Palawan Princess”, considered as the world’s second largest pearl was also discovered off the coast of Palawan island. The pearl weighs 2.27 kilograms (5 lbs) and was put on auction by Bonhams and Butterfields of Los Angeles on December 6, 2009. Although the five pound pearl have an estimated worth of $300,000 to $400,000, it was not sold.

Though the Pearl of Lao Tzu is currently the officially recognized largest pearl ever discovered, the Pearl of the King, owned by Richard King, chairman of the Crown Regency Hotel, is said to be bigger measuring at 18 inches in diameter and weighing 9 kilograms. The Pearl of the King was also discovered off the Philippine waters and is now exhibited at the Crown Regency Hotels and Resorts in Boracay.

  1. The top 3 most densely populated cities in the world are in Metro Manila.

Manila crowd
Crowd in Manila. Photo by Patrick Roque via Wikimedia Commons.

According to this list made by Wikipedia, Manila ranked first in the list of Cities by population density with only 2,498 hectares of land area occupied by over 1.65 million populace. It has a density of 42,857 people per square kilometer or 43 people per square meter.

Pateros comes in second place with a total population of 64,147 and a population density of 30,546 people per square kilometer while the city of Caloocan comes in third place with a total population of 1,489,040 and population density of 27,916 people per square kilometer.

So if you hate the heavy traffic in Metro Manila, don’t just blame it to the roads or vehicles. The overpopulation in Manila and other cities in NCR has a lot to do with those traffic jams.

Also read: 10 Alarming Facts about Traffic in Metro Manila that You Should Know

  1. During Manny Pacquiao boxing fights, the crime rate in the Philippines almost drops to zero.

Manny Pacquiao
Pacquiao, Bloody but happy. Photo by Global Reactions via Flickr.

The whole country would virtually stand still during Manny Paquiao’s boxing fights. During his latest 12 round-fight against the undefeated American boxer Floyd Mayweather, Jr., the Philippine National Police (PNP) recorded no crime at all in Metro Manila, though there were a few recorded in other parts of the country. This was not the first time, same was declared during his fights against other great boxers such as Chris Algeiri in 2014 and the Mexican boxer Juan Manuel Marquez both in 2008 and 2011. There had also been a remarkable drop of crime rates during other major fights of the Filipino boxing champion.

  1. Super Typhoon Haiyan has the strongest wind ever recorded at landfall.

Super Typhoon Haiyan
Typhoon Haiyan at peak intensity and approaching the Philippines on November 7, 2013. Image by NASA.

Who would forget the havoc endured by the central part of the Philippines from typhoon Yolanda (Haiyan) which meteorologist considered as one of the strongest tropical cyclones ever to hit Southeast Asia? It is the deadliest typhoon in the Philippines ever recorded in modern history, killing at least 6,100 people according to the Philippine government, although some locals believed that the actual death tool could be as high as 15,000. Yolanda is also the strongest storm recorded at landfall, and the strongest typhoon ever recorded in terms of one-minute sustained wind speed of 315 km/h (195 mph). Up until now, at least a thousand remains missing.

Due to the catastrophic damage on infrastructure, agriculture and high death toll, PAGASA declared that the name Yolanda will be erased from the typhoon naming lists. It was replaced with the name Yasmin for the 2017 season. During the 2014 annual session of the ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee they likewise announced that the name Haiyan would be taken out from the naming lists and use the name Bailu instead.

  1. Camiguin has the most number of volcanoes per square kilometer than any other island on Earth.

Camiguin_across_Bohol_Sea
Camiguin as seen across the Bohol Sea. Photo by P199 via Wikimedia Commons.

Despite of the fact that it is one of the smallest islands in the Philippines in area and population, having a length of only 23 kilometers and width of a little more than 14 kilometers, it has 7 volcanoes which were mostly responsible for the island’s formation. Camiguin province is also the only place in the Philippines which has more volcanoes (7) than towns (5).

Earthquakes and volcanic eruptions shaped this beautiful little island and made it one of the most visited islands in the Philippines by tourists from all over the world.

  1. The eruption of Mount Pinatubo created one of the largest mushroom clouds in history.

Pinatubo eruption
Mount Pinatubo at daybreak on June 15, 1991, a few minutes after the start of the climactic eruption. Photo by Smithsonian Institution.

Mount Pinatubo’s eruption in June 15, 1991 sent up a cloudy plume that reached some 25 miles (40 kilometers) high into the air. The effects of the Mount Pinatubo’s destructive eruption were felt throughout the whole world after it emitted around 10 million tons of magma and 20 million tons of toxic sulfur dioxide. Due to the vast amount of ashes infused into the atmosphere, the global temperature dropped by 1 degree Fahrenheit over the following months and year.

It killed at least 847 people, injured 184, and left more than 1 million people homeless.

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