Debunking the No-Kill Myth

in tarc •  4 months ago

In 2013, I got booted off a local Facebook yardsale page because I used the term “kill shelter” in a comment. Admins of that group advised that it was an “offensive” term and that I would have to find a euphemism if I wanted to remain active. Well, I just didn’t feel that “put-to-sleep shelter” did the situation justice, so I left the group and never went back.

It’s amazing how ignorant such large numbers of people remain to the realities of the American sheltering holocaust. It’s a dirty secret in the Land of the Free, truth to be swept under the rug, concealed, and kept from the public eye. This tells me that at some level, the vast majority of our population understands the shameful implications of mass killing as a solution. Yet apparently it’s much easier to hide this truth than it is to stop engaging in the practice.

It’s also startling that so many animal welfare agencies and sheltering assistance groups persistently ignore the fact that not as many no-kill inroads are being made into rural areas of the U.S. as they like to claim. Bragging up statistics about their “wins” is wonderful (see Target Zero’s “measuring results” page HERE.) but if you’ll notice, no mention is made anywhere on their page about the failed efforts. It seems to me that, once a group like Target Zero identifies a problem that persists outside their current M.O., they would take steps to figure out why, and change their strategy accordingly.

Details, please.

In 2015, Cameron Moore and Sara Pizano of Target Zero came to Tazewell County, Virginia, and met with personnel from the local municipal shelter. They held a “town hall” meeting, to which barely twenty people showed up. They then got back on their jet planes and flew away, and nothing else was ever heard from them again. The local municipal shelter continues to kill dogs wholesale, no community awareness initiatives are launched or endorsed by county officials, and very little has changed.

What went wrong? First of all, Dr. Pizano and Ms. Moore came to Tazewell County determined to work with local shelter officials to the exclusion of all front-line rescuers in this community. Neither I nor any other non-profit directors or volunteers were allowed “behind closed doors” in their meetings with salaried county employees, even though I was personally responsible for Target Zero representatives being here in the first place. I’ve seen this same focus on the wrong community resources over and over with these national “big city” groups, rinse-lather-repeat ad infinitum.

Also in 2015, I had several lengthy email exchanges with Lisa Starr and Kathryn Destreza from the ASPCA. Ms. Destreza reached out with an offer of free furthering education for shelter personnel or a scholarship to training of their preference. Again, although I was responsible for establishing this connection, I was swiftly cut out of the loop, and just as swiftly, all discussions about this with county officials stopped. I’ve had lengthy conversations with Matthew Gray, regional HSUS (Humane Society of the United States) about the problems we face in Central Appalachia. To date, he hasn’t set foot in Tazewell County…or if he did, he didn’t contact any of the boots-on-the-ground rescue organizers working tirelessly here to make things better.

In a previous post I talked about grantmakers who will only approve grants for municipal or brick-and-mortar private shelters. In truth, most no-kill or low-kill shelters have gotten really good at playing the numbers game. They can manipulate statistics and spout rhetoric like nobody’s business, and it pays off for them in spades.

Tricks of the trade.

“Limited intake” shelters have the option to cherry-pick only the animals they consider highly adoptable. Many of them can (and do) turn away less desirable breeds like pit bulls and hounds, elderly dogs, sick dogs, and nearly all cats. “Limited intake” is considered the gold standard among no-and-low kill sheltering. It’s taught as strategy. If you never intake them, you don’t have to warehouse them or kill them. Your intake-to-adoption rate soars, and that is very good optics for the no-kill revolution.

Managed intake can also consist of pre-intake counseling for owners looking to surrender their pets. Now this is one innovation that actually works, when done correctly. The Nevada Humane Society has implemented an “animal help desk” that averages around 400 phone calls or emails per week.

While we’re all familiar with the reasons why people bring animals to shelters or abandon them, what many people don’t realize (or believe) is that many of these situations can be resolved in such a way that will keep the animals out of the shelter. After all, shelters are stressful places for animals and should be places of last resort, not a readily available dumping ground.

One other bullet point listed by this Washoe County group for intake reduction and no-kill sheltering is “get the right people on the bus.”

In his book, Good to Great, Jim Collins explains that the most successful businesses and organizations invest significant time in ensuring that they have “the right people on the bus.” Clearly, people are the heart and soul of any organization, so we set out to find a team of managers and staff members who are committed to the organization’s mission and goals, share our lifesaving values, and have a strong work ethic. We also sought out people who had proven skills and a track record of success.

This is a callback to my earlier remark about salaried county employees. What many national “big city” humane groups fail to realize is that in rural areas, especially those that are economically depressed, animal shelter jobs are considered bottom of the barrel. Working conditions are often miserable and the pay is insulting. Almost never is a shelter director hired for their track record in animal care and welfare. Shelter directors typically inherit that position because no one else will take it, and it’s for darn sure the salary isn’t attractive for any industry professionals looking to make a move.

What’s the consequence of this? You get people in charge of living creatures who may not even like animals. You get people with zero scruples about sterilization, many of whom actually let backyard breeders and hunters swap intact dogs in and out of the shelter until they find one that suits their purpose. You get managers who are quite proud of their shelter because it “passed inspection seven years in a row," completely oblivious to the fact that it boasts one of the highest kill rates in the state. You get ACOs who dilute jugs of Fatal Plus so they don’t have to ask for a bigger budget. And you also get reports from people living near the animal shelter of gunshots and unearthly howls of pain from dogs in the wee hours of the morning, because bullets cost less than the sedation drugs and fatal compounds required by state law.

These are the people that national animal welfare organizations want to work with, and who grantmakers want to give money to. In my opinion, it’s a complete dereliction of logic. And it’s an absolute, incontrovertible fact that as long as the M.O. of groups like Target Zero, HSUS, ASPCA, and Best Friends fails to take these factors into account, America will never become a no-kill nation, and thousands of innocent animals will continue to die every year, every month, every day.

Examples of No-Kill Rhetoric


“Once this crushing pet overpopulation problem was brought under control, people began to use No Kill techniques to re-focus shelters on live releases rather than catch-and-kill.” –Susan Houser

“Was brought under control???” Past-tense, as if this has actually happened?

I’m not sure if Ms. Houser is a time traveler from the year 2090, or if she’s just that far out of touch. But from where I sit in this Central Appalachian rescue drowning in unwanted pets, it doesn’t seem to me that a single aspect of this problem has been “brought under control.”



Okay, so let me make sure I understand: this is that “new math,” right?

29-million people are hoping to get a pet. 2.4-million pets are euthanized in shelters in every year. If the average shelter kill rate is twenty percent, that means 12-million animals sit in shelters around the U.S. needing adoption. Think that number is manageable? Okay, here's the rest of the story. The generally accepted number of puppies and kittens born every day is 70,000. (Just Google it. The sources of that information are too voluminous to cite.) That means per year, 25,550,000 new animals are added to that 12-million. Now we're up to 37,550,000. And 37.5-million minus 29-million is a hell of a lot of animals needing homes that apparently don’t exist.



So the entire Commonwealth of Virginia has an 80% save rate? Well, how ‘bout let’s reconcile that with this map showing actual statistics by county:

Now, I haven’t done any of them “new math” equations on this here pittcher yet, but maybe you really could average all those numbers together and come up with a 20% kill rate. Tell that to the 605 pets killed at the Russell County Animal Shelter during the year represented by that map. Also tell it to the thousands upon thousands of animals who suffered horrific abuse at that shelter over the years prior, according to this report by activist and shelter investigator Eileen McAfee. The numbers don’t add up. And neither does the rhetoric.

The high cost of being honest.

Rescue and animal sheltering is a nasty business. Mentally, physically, and emotionally, it can be downright brutal. This takes a toll on animal welfare workers, many of whom succumb to compassion fatigue at some point during their career. How serious is this? Well, let’s see—the national suicide average for American workers is 1.5 per 1 million. In 2009, the American Journal of Preventive Medicine reported that animal rescue workers have a suicide rate of 5.3 in 1 million workers. Seems pretty serious to me.

Combine this with the fact that all too often, front-line volunteers are gaslighted by ambitious animal welfare groups or shelter employees looking to divert attention from their own malfeasance. I’ve been the victim of this myself. There isn’t much you can tell me about the phenomenon that I don’t already know. Yet I’m in too deep to quit. The only solution I can come up with at this point is to do what major animal welfare organizations refuse to consider—an end-run around corrupt or just plain apathetic municipal shelter management and officials who literally could not care less about any of it.

There is an answer.

To rebalance the warped ratio of supply and demand for pets, no laws have to be broken. No communities need to be disrupted. No picket lines or public protests must be staged. No salaried employees at high kill shelters need to worry about losing their jobs.

We simply need to raise worldwide awareness that despite the rhetoric, “no-kill” has stalled out in many regions of the U.S. While celebrity activists and major animal welfare organizations refuse to acknowledge the problem, front-line animal rescue veterans know exactly how to solve it and are eager to do so. All we need is solid financial backing, and this not even a fraction of the amount raked in every month by the ASPCA with their multi-million-dollar “Arms of the Angels” campaign.

So what is the solution? SPAY and NEUTER. Tried and true, an old standby that hasn’t once failed to reduce intakes at municipal shelters. Never, not in all the years that spay/neuter programs have been implemented as a means of pet population control, has this method not worked.

However, the service is not free. Even at low-cost clinics, surgery has a price tag. Who should be responsible to pay? It’s clear the owners won’t step up. If that were the case, they would have done so already. No. We need to raise the money from citizens of the most prosperous nation in the world and take whatever international help is offered to sterilize owned animals in rural, economically depressed communities, no questions asked, no co-pay required, no application to fill out, and no involvement from municipal shelters or government officials at any level. I would rather spend the rest of my animal welfare career shuttling animals back and forth to the nearest spay/neuter clinic than take in one more homeless animal that no one but me is willing to love.

If you’re interested in getting behind this movement, either financially or by agreeing to participate in a massive, worldwide social media push, please let us know in the comments or message me privately on Discord.

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That is absolutely appalling. I had no idea that it was as bad as this, even with some of the reports you've made in the almost-a-year that I've known you.  ☹️

Count me in wanting to help support @tarc's efforts.


Your Discord inbox is definitely gonna get pinged either later today or tomorrow with an invite to the TARC server. :-)

It sounds like this problem is one with a reasonable solution. It really doesn't make sense that the larger groups who have access to the most funding are doing the least to make things better.

I have no words, except that I applaud you for the thankless job you do, and hope that somehow the Powers That Be will hear this cry for help.

As fate would have it, Susan Houser dropped a post today on "Out The Front Door" that well-demonstrates everything I've said in this one. It's all smoke and mirrors--hype at its finest. I'm not saying they're bad people--although it's hard to see much good in any animal welfare advocate who lets themselves be photographed with their arms around the ACOs in the Russell County Abuse Report linked above. VFHS did not require the termination of either ACO and in fact went on a campaign (unsuccessful, btw,) to debunk the report despite overwhelming empirical evidence supporting its claims.

Why do I say it's hype? How is it smoke and mirrors? Because MY RESCUE HAS TRIED TO SEND DOGS to groups represented by people in this photo. With the exception of Makena Yarbrough, none of them would entertain a conversation with me or my volunteers about this because my dogs would be difficult adoptions. Why? Because out here on the front lines, I don't get to cherry pick!!! So they won't take our poor little hounds and pit mixes and dogs terrified of their own shadows, since they might have to keep them for a while, and doing so would torpedo their live release rate numbers.

What galls me more than anything is that while they're so busy blowing smoke up everybody's butts about transport programs, they completely disregard the solution that would put them all out of a job. What's this solution? AGGRESSIVE, FULLY FUNDED SPAY AND NEUTER PROGRAMS FOR COMMUNITY-OWNED ANIMALS. Hello? Duh? Does anyone besides me think that all these highly visible people with all these great fundraising inroads ought to be thinking of permanent solutions to the problem, not more ways to twist tourniquets on the artery? The nickels and dimes thrown at spay/neuter programs that currently exist don't make a dent in the problem.

So I tell you what: give me $100,000 a year for five years, and I will END the need for transporting animals from Central Appalachia. Test me. Please. In fact, don't give me a dime. Not one red cent. Simply commit those funds to paying for the overhead and veterinary expense of a spay/neuter program at my discretion. Don't freaking tell me the owners have to pay $20 of it themselves, or that we can't include rabies vaccines. Raise the money. Put the "real" rescuers in charge of the solution, and you might actually see some effing results.

I very much hope that you can help to evangelize for spaying and neutering and get buy-in and funding. The senseless killing has to stop.

I guess it doesn't matter where you live, there are always problems with this shit. It does seem to affect your area a lot more than many others though.

When I lived in Ontario, I remember vets getting together once a year and having spay/neuter clinics where they would do mass procedures all day for like $30. I think it was the cost of their materials and they donated all of their time to try and combat the problem. That was a long time ago though.


That still happens in many areas even today. Almost always, though, those veterinarians are subsidized to at least cover the cost of their materials. The anesthesia and even the suture material or surgical glue isn't cheap. No subsidies for local vets, though. Just doesn't happen 'round here.

Rin Tin Tin was the first Hollywood dog star and he really signed his movie contracts – all 22 of them – with a paw-print.

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This seems like a very important issue. I firmly believe that the health of a society is best displayed by how well the less fortunate and less powerful members of it are treated, and considering how pets are considered family by many, I think they count as part of our society.