in #steemstem2 years ago

On 15th of January, 2018, A seminar was Organized by the Management of School on the “topic” DIABETES. The Guest Speaker said that is a kind of diseases that comes out as a result of taking too much of sugar in the blood (High Blood Glucose). He explained that when the insulin is weak and blood glucose serve as energy that is food, then the glucose stay in the blood and do not get to cells for metabolized or functions.
So, at the end of the discussion I started asked question based on the topic “DIABETIS”

  1. What is diabetes?
  2. What are the symptoms and causes of diabetes?
  3. How many different types of diabetes do we have?
  4. Which others problems can people with diabetes enchanter?
  1. What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease that appears when blood glucose that is blood sugar is too much in the blood. The blood glucose is the importance source of energy. Insulin and hormone are formed from pancreas which assist glucose from food to get into cells to metabolites as energy. At time body might not required too much of food or any insulin, which can lead to health problems. Though diabetes has no cure but when it’s treated in time, it can be manage and stay healthy.

2.What are the symptoms and causes of diabetes?
Symptoms of diabetes include
• fatigue
• blurred vision
• increased hunger
• numbness or tingling in the feet or hands
• sores that do not heal
• unexplained weight loss
• increased thirst and urination

Cause of Diabetes

  1. Genetic Mutation: These are changes or mutations in good single gene that is inherited from families, or by its self. Many of gene mutations diabetes did not make insulin functions as expected through the pancreas or other diseases might cause damage to the pancreas and as a result of taking medicine or drugs.

  2. Hormonal Disease: these occur when there is too much of particular hormone as a result insulin resistance and diabetes.

3.How many different types of diabetes do we have?

  1. Type 1 diabetes: These occurs as a result of immune system, that is when the body immune cannot fight against an infection, it will now destroys the insulin and produced beta cells in the pancreas.
  2. Type 2 diabetes:These occurs as a result of several factors which includes genes and lifestyle. It can be as a result of overweight or obese (obesity) or extra weight that leads to insulin resistance. Or heart and blood vessel disease.

4.Which others problems can people with diabetes enchanter?

As long as having diabetes is likely result to have heart disease and a greater chance of a heart attack or a stroke, such as high blood pressure and high cholesterol, high blood glucose from diabetes can damage blood vessel and nerves which control heart and blood vessels. Smoking can also increase the risk of heart disease which can damage the lung and blood vessels, and increase the risk of lower leg infections, ulcers, and amputation.

5.How to Prevent Diabetes?

Prevention of Diabetes

Heart Disease and Stroke
Diabetes can damage blood vessels and lead to heart disease and stroke. A lot can be done to prevent heart disease and stroke by managing blood glucose, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels; and by not smoking.
Kidney Diabetes
Diabetic kidney disease, also called diabetic nephropathy, is kidney disease caused by diabetes. kidney can be protected by monitor diabetes and meeting blood pressure goals.
Eye Disease
Diabetes can destroy eyes and lead to low vision and blindness. The right way to prevent eye disease is to monitor blood glucose, blood pressure, and cholesterol; and to not smoke. Also, have a enlarge eye exam at least once a year.