Carnivorous Plant

in #steemstem2 years ago (edited)
Source Image : Wikimedia

Carnivorous Plant

The plants that received little or the major part of their nutrient (but not power) With the trap and eat animals or favored protozoan. Usually the food from carnivorous plant is insects and artropod (Insects, the spider, shrimp, and others).

Self adjustment of carnivorous plant

Carnivorous plants adapted to grow in a place where there is much light and the land is less with nutrient, Especially nitrogen, as bogs berasid and rocks. Charles Darwin wrote a book entitled Insectivorous Referencelist, first about carnivorous plants, on 1875.

This plant called carnivorous for the ability to catch the animal. There are more 12 genus in 5 family. This includes 625 species which attract and trap its prey, produce an enzyme that can be digested to use nutrition.

Examples of carnivorous plant

Source Image : Ideegreen
1. Venus Fly Trap (Dionaea muscicapula) is the most famous carnivorous plant, the main food is an insect and arakhnida. These plants have 4-7 short leaf that grow from the trunk of the bottom of the land. The inside surface of the lobe, this plant contains red pigment and ends produce mucus.

Lobe on these plants move close quickly, When the hair special sensorik stimulated. This plant can distinguish between living stimulus and stimulus that does not live. Lobe of the plants to close in time around 0.1/seconds. Lobe is limited by the ridge like thorns rigid or cilia which close together to prevent large prey fled. After the prey is not able to escape the edge of the lobe grasps, Reseal the trap and pulping the prey.

Source Image : Growsundews
2. Sundews (Drosera) largest carnivorous plants have at least 194 species. This plant can be found in every continent except Antarctica. Sundews can be in the form of the Rose of prostrate or upright for some species. This plant height ranges from 1 cm until 1m and can live until 50 years.

Sundews have snatches up the glands move with sweet sticky fluid. When the insect passes through the plants so the plants will move snatches up toward the insect. After trapped, so small on sundews sesil glands will digest insects and absorb the nutrients that are produced and then can be used to help the growth.

Source Image : florawww.eeb.uconn.edu
3. Portuguese Sundew (Drosophyllaceae lusitanicum) Is a carnivorous plant that comes from Portugal, Spain and Morocco. These plants grow in a dry place, this plant has a unique aroma that is used as the feed to catch insects or its prey. Then the insect will be trapped in the mucus in remove the glands on the leaves.

Source Image : Wikimedia
4. California Pitcher Plant (Darlingtonia) Or Lily cobra is a carnivorous plant that is a single member of the genus darlingtonia, This plant is native to Northern California and Oregon (USA).

The leaves of the Lily Cobra round and formed the empty cavity with open the anyang located under the balloons, Unlike other large a pitcher plants, Lilly Cobra does not use a trap heel, but the trap lobster pot. This plant emits an insect to the leaf modifications like the jug with the nectar on the openings facing down.

Once the prey is located in the body of this plant then there are thousands of fine feathers that grow rains so that the prey is not able to turn or move out to escape.

Source Image : Wikimedia
5. Nepenthes Rajah Or Plants cups of monkeys is a carnivorous plant that has about 130 species that widespread,this plant can be found in China, Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, Madagascar, Seychelles, Australia,and India. These plants have a trap that contains a fluid that is produced by the plant is, fluid thinner and sweet used to drown and digest insects.

The bottom of the cup contains the glands that absorb and distribute the nutrients. Most of these plants are small and tend to become insect trap only, but some of the larger species such as Nepenthes Nepenthes Rafflesiana and laid has captured the small mammals such as rats. This carnivorous plant large enough to trap rats - although not do so with the very often.

Source Image : Wikimedia
6. North American Pitcher Plant (Sarracenia) Or a Pitcher plants are carnivorous plants that live in the east coast Texas, Canada with most of the species found only in the southeast part of the country. This plant has leaves that have evolved into forms such as the funnel with a covering that is working to prevent rain water entering and deplete the digestive fluid. This plant catch prey using colors, odor and nectar secretion that belonged to the form of the mouth on plants are similar as the lips of the jug. Smooth surface on the area cause insects to fall in and the insect will die and digested by protease enzin and other enzymes that owned Sarracenia.

Source Image : Wikimedia
7. Western Australian Pitcher Plant (Cephalotus) Carnivorous plant is that many living in Western Australia. These plants have forms such as cruse small size and short with the mouth wide leaves. These plants usually live together.

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Reference :

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venus_flytrap

https://id.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drosera

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drosophyllum

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Darlingtonia_californica

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nepenthes_rajah

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pitcher_plant

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carnivorous_plants_of_Australia

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I remember when I was little carnivorous plants were scary for me, that was probably because I use to play a game with some of those plants and they were dangerous.

But now I see them again and I think they don't look like something I would like to have in my backyard :P

Nice article @andimywapblog12!

I am very happy has been the create a this post. because making you remember with little time you. And you say that you fear with plants it. :D

Haha you really fear with this plant? Why do you fear? It only plants! :P :D

I actually also afraid of the plants it when I was little. :(

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