The magic word for working with children is motivation. The basis of this is the child's need for something. Therefore, the answer to the question "What is motivation?" It may be the following: motivation is the process of motivating a person to work towards another goal. Successful learning without motivation is impossible.
There are a number of forms and methods, whose use contributes to the motivation for learning and cognitive activity. First, it's about the class form. In this sense, much depends on the skill of the teacher, his ability to organize the educational process and his creativity.
The teacher can not find the answers to the questions "What can I do to make the child want to learn?" Or "How to plan activities in the classroom?" Not in a textbook or a methodical manual. He himself must build the scheme that suits his subject, precisely to that student, in this stage of the study of the subject, taking into account the learning conditions. However, there are already several forms of non-standard behavior lessons:
✱ Trip of the lesson,
✱Role play of the lesson,
✱The lesson is a game,
✱The lesson is a fairy tale,
This way of conducting the lesson refers to the problematic method of instruction, which is the most powerful way to increase interest in the subject. At the beginning of the lesson, students are asked the problem or topic of the lesson formulated in the form of a question, and during the lesson, students must find a solution to the problem or answer the question.
Students in the classroom make observations, compare certain facts, make assumptions, formulate conclusions, and so on. In such lessons, children are interested in the final result. The lesson-studies fit well, for example, in the subject of biology lessons in the 6th grade, where the properties of air, water and soil can be taken for research purposes. When you are familiar with the properties, you are supposed to conduct experiments, observe objects, and draw conclusions. In addition, the study can be done in biology classes and in other classes.
These classes help awaken the need for knowledge of what is learned at this time on the subject. A special place in this lesson is practical and laboratory work, since it allows students to draw their own conclusions about this or that phenomenon, the conditions of its occurrence. And on the basis of the data obtained during practical work, students come to their own conclusions about the level of theoretical generalizations.
Trip of the lesson:
The lessons of this way of work complete the motivation of the child for the learning and the cognitive activities, since they foresee to overcome several stages of work during all the trip; therefore, the student is encouraged, attracting him in his way of knowing the country. And you can travel everywhere, it only depends on the teacher's imagination: a trip through the seas and rivers to explore the sea and the fish of the river; a trip to the kingdom of bacteria to study its variety and breeding; the water trip falls in a circle to study the water cycle, etc.
The excursions can be real, when there is an opportunity to visit the site, and virtual, when there is no such possibility.
The boys are very interested, especially if the subject refers to their personal experience, where they can somehow show themselves.
The teacher can encourage students to tell about the experiences of a field trip with their family.
Role play of the lesson:
These lessons simulate a wide variety of real-life situations for different purposes: study and correct new material, expand knowledge about the subject, training, etc. The lessons of RPGs are enjoyable for students, as they can try many roles in themselves, solve these and other questions, such as doctors, salespeople, scientists and people from many other professions.
These lessons give us the feeling of being adults who make serious decisions. These lessons are carried out in a multifaceted way, since the subject of the application is very broad and the objective is to prepare children for an independent life in society.
The lesson is a game:
This category of lessons includes contests, brain rings and many other game lessons written on television shows. The main type of activity of a preschool child is a game. The main type of activity of the infant school is the study. But in children with broken intellect, childhood lasts a long time and, in most cases, the game remains the cooperative activity of teaching. The students love to play. How not to take advantage of this opportunity to increase motivation? And how to lose this or that lesson depends on the teacher himself. But children will be very active participants and interested in the game of the lesson.
The lesson is a fairy tale:
This form of the lesson captures the students as a whole.
In the lesson of fitting into the plot of a fairy tale, children perform fantastic heroic tasks, rescue them from their captivity, overcome various obstacles; the goal is always achieved and implemented.
In the integrated lessons, it is possible to show the importance of the knowledge and skills acquired. Students apply the knowledge and skills gained in a lesson, in a completely different area. So, for example, we become familiar with the properties of water in biology and apply the knowledge acquired in classes of social and daily orientation.
The most important thing to think about is a single thread that could combine two or more elements to obtain and retain certain knowledge and skills. To create a successful motivation, it is important to show the child the importance of the knowledge received, that is, the possibility of its application in this or that sphere. This allows you to do integrated lessons.
If you ask the student: "In which lesson are you most interested in studying, in a habitual lesson or unconventional,?", Then, of course, you will answer that it is more interesting where they play, travel, compete. In fact, in non-traditional lessons children work with great pleasure, show activity and curiosity.
Students gladly begin to perform tasks and perform them better than in normal lessons. If you ask me "In what lesson is your activity more active, ordinary or non-traditional?", Then I will respond that, in a non-conventional lesson, student activity is often not only high, but very high. These lessons are very productive.
The quality of knowledge in such lessons increases, cognitive interest develops, memory, children memorize more material and, of course, increases interest in the subject. They are motivated to learn and cognitive activity even among weak students, as they feel more secure. But the main thing is not to exaggerate, but the non-traditional will become traditional and the interest will disappear again.
Therefore, it is necessary to alternate the ways of teaching students and remember that not the form determines the content, but the content determines the form.
Posted from my blog with SteemPress : http://deisip67.vornix.blog/2018/09/11/teacher-room-successful-learning-without-motivation-is-impossible/