Human Anatomy #1 - Cardiovascular System

in steemiteducation •  23 days ago 

Have you ever thought about how wonderful and amazing your body is?

No?

Well, through our six-part series on the Human Body, you will find out how amazing your body is.

This six parts will consist of the following elements:

Part 1: Cardiovascular System
Part 2: Support System
Part 3: Respiratory System
Part 4: Digestive System
Part 5: Excretory System
Part 6: Nervous System

Each of these six systems has different functions and elements that we will focus on, but for today we will be focusing on the:
cardiovascular system.jpg

The cardiovascular system consist of the
*Heart
*Blood
*Arteries
*Veins

Functions of the cardiovascular system

*Transports oxygen and carbon dioxide
*Distributes nutrients
*Transports waste
*Distributes hormones
*Regulates body temperatures


Image by sunshinedrugs.com
The heart is a specialized muscle, whose function is to circulate the blood through the body. The cardiovascular system has a cardiac cycle which consists of two parts

  1. Systole: This is where the ventricles contract.
  2. Diastole: This is where all the heart chambers relax following the contraction of the atria. Here is a short video clip to show you how the cycle works.


Image by clker.com

Our blood transports nutrients, gasses (oxygen and carbon dioxide), hormones and waste products. It also helps with our immune system.
Have you ever thought what your blood consists off.
Take a look at this picture, that shows you the blood components.


Arteries have smooth muscles in the walls and it takes blood away from the heart.
Veins have valves, no muscles and takes the blood toward the heart.

Answer these following question while reading through all the information above.

  1. What does the cardiovascular system consist of?
  2. What are the functions of the cardiovascular system?
  3. Complete the sketch of the heart by naming the parts
    (Use the words from the wordbox to assist you.)

  4. Complete the sentences:
    a. The arteries carry blood……………………......……………………the heart while veins transport the blood from the body parts back to the ………………........…………………….. b. The heart is a …………………………………………
    and its function is to pump
    …………………………………........…
  5. What does our blood transport?
  6. What does our blood consist of?

Circulatory Song

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