Witnesses in Steemit - For Dummies

in steemit •  last year


As I learned more and more about Steemit I have heard about the term "Witness" more often and wanted to get a basic understanding about who it is and what they are doing in Steemit.

That is why I did a research and gathered a simple explanation of Witness on Steemit for all of you.

What is a Witness?

Basically Witnesses are people who are interested in Steemit's future.

Their main task is to:

  • Run a software on their servers 24/7 that produces Steem blocks, which store every upvote, comment, post, and transaction
  • Provide an updated exchange rate of STEEM to U.S. Dollar
  • Set a minimum STEEM POWER registration deposit for a new account
  • Set the interest rate of STEEM DOLLAR (APR%)
  • Set other variables needed in the future

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They are also encouraged to run a seed-node so that Steemit blockchain can be synchronised (downloaded) by others. The more seed nodes there are the safer the Steemit network because it also acts as a kind of backup.

Where can I see these Witnesses?

The list of top 100 Witnesses can be seen here: https://steemd.com/witnesses

Lets look at the variables in the table and what they actually mean

Rank - order of Witnesses by total amount of vote power (MVESTS) received by Steemians
Witness - name with a link to the account on Steemit
Approval - Amount of MVESTS voted for this Witness
% - Percent of vote power compared to the total
Miss - Amount of blocks that Witness should have produced but did not for some reason
Last block - The last block number which was produced by Witness
URL - Link to any webpage explaining why they should be voted for Witness
Reg fee - Minimum deposit set by the Witness for new account registration. This deposit stays on the account of the newly created user.
** Feed** - This is the exchange rate of STEEM to U.S. Dollar set by the Witness
Bias - This number is used to peg the STEEM to U.S. Dollar with a different denomination
APR - Annual interest rate for SDB (STEEM DOLLAR) or in other words percent return on SDB.
Block Size - Maximum block size set by Witness in bytes. This variable is used to stop spam attacks.
Version - Version of Steemd that was used to produce the last block

Witnesses are sorted by people's votes on Steemit. Everyone in the Steemit community is encouraged to monitor these Witnesses to upvote the most loyal, responsive, up-to-date, and reasonable in their variables set.

Can I change my vote on a Witness?

YES, Please!! You are encouraged to monitor Witnesses and downvote them if they become not responsive, or if they do not update they software, or stop updating the latest STEEM PRICE. We can change our votes as much as we want, but we can vote for no more than 30 Witnesses.

We as a community need to promote the most responsible Witness, who will maintain Steemit's health and prosperity.

How do I know who to vote for?

6 Key points I personally look at when choosing Witnesses:

  1. Feed is close to the market price of STEEM
  2. Version number is up to date
  3. Witness is not grayed out and crossed out
  4. Witness is active in the community (lots of recent posts and followers)
  5. URL shows good motives to be a Witness
  6. URL shows proper equipment for Running a node

Ok, so where do I vote?

You should visit this link ( https://steemit.com/~witnesses ) after you have monitored and chosen which Witnesses to vote for. You have up to 30 votes that you can give to these Witnesses.
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How are Witnesses rewarded?

By providing these services to the community, Witnesses each get a fair chance to produce a block which powers them up By 1 STEEM POWER. Every round, top 20 Witnesses and 1 randomly selected Witness in the list are given a chance to produce a block from the list. If a Witness is not able to produce a block in their time slot, this Witness is skipped to the next one.

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A sample block that Witnesses produce can be seen here: https://steemd.com/b/7034896
Change a number at the end of this link and see another block. Blocks are produced at approximately the speed of 1 block per 3 seconds.

The fact that Witnesses are getting paid in STEEM POWER makes them more incentivized to keep Steemit in best possible shape.

Hope that now you have a basic idea about what a Witness is and what they are for.

Thank you for reading! Follow if you like and don't forget to Steem ON!



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This is a very interesting idea. Probably, it is difficult to get there.


I think it is not easy, but it is worth a try. While writing about what Witness is, I got the idea to actually try it myself. It sounds fun and it actually helps the community.


I think it's funny. But we need to help the community. Suddenly it can not cope without us? :-)

Thanks, interesting and useful article


Thanks @dzen I am really happy that you found it useful. My motivation to write this article was @lukestokes, when he wrote about why it is important to vote for witness. That is partially why I am supporting him and writing this article so more people know what Witness actually is. @dimarss was the second person who inspired me to write a simple explanation about what it is.

Congratulations! This post has been upvoted from the communal account, @minnowsupport, by curator-whale from the Minnow Support Project. It's a witness project run by aggroed, ausbitbank, teamsteem, theprophet0, and someguy123. The goal is to help Steemit grow by supporting Minnows and creating a social network. Please find us in the Peace, Abundance, and Liberty Network (PALnet) Discord Channel. It's a completely public and open space to all members of the Steemit community who voluntarily choose to be there.

If you like what we're doing please upvote this comment so we can continue to build the community account that's supporting all members.

Круто, доступно! Но тема раскрыта не до конца...
Что нужно чтоб стать свидетелем?
Насколько это сложно или дорого?
Куда бежать в первую очередь, если решил заработать подтверждением блоков?


Согласен это просто вводная часть, чтобы люди понимали что это такое. Для того чтобы стать делегатом (свидетелем) есть хороший пост от @someguy123 https://steemit.com/steem/@someguy123/your-guide-to-setting-up-a-witness-server-steem-in-a-box-hf19 Очень простая и подробная инструкция как устанавливать на сервер. Там все легко и понятно написано. Ничего не нужно кроме хорошего сервера и желания сделать Steemit лучше и надежней :))

Thanks for the simple breakdown. I was wondering about this.


hey @pushing.truth, great to be of some help to you!!

thank you . I went thru and upvoted everyone for ship's and giggles and followed you . Now , whats the best link to witness you @yuriks2000 ?


Hehe, thank you very much @rustynut! I appreciate you effort. Not ready to be a witness yet. But I will let you know when I am :)

Your information here is so, SO GOOD, that I have no words to give it an adjective. AWESOME?? More than that. But on the other hand, I got to realize that it is not easy to have a social site, like this one, functioning perfectly. Thank you for bringing this information to us. UPVOTED AND RE-STEEMITED!!!


Thank you very much @avance2010 for such warm words. I am very happy that you appreciate my work :)) Steem ON!

I'd like to upvote this but I don't have the option to do so, have disabled it perhaps?


It is just too old to be upvoted. I mean 1 week has already passed, so there will not be any payout, but I think it should still allow you to upvote it if you would like :)