#16 "20 - JUNE" in World HISTORY

in sport •  last year 

1904 - The International Automobile Federation (FIA) was established.

Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile, FIA (International Automobile Federation) - the highest organization established on June 20, 1904 (then as the Association Internationale des Automobile Clubs Reconnus - AIACR) dealing with automotive sport management. Its headquarters are located at Place de la Concorde 8 in Paris. The Federation brings together 157 national organizations from 118 countries around the world. The president of the FIA ​​is Jean Todt.
In 1950, the first Formula One World Championship was organized.
In 1973, FISA created a series of World Rally Championships, and the Monte Carlo Rally became its first elimination.

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1782 - Congress of the United States approved the pattern of the Great Seal of the United States.

The Great Seal of the United States is used to authenticate documents issued by US authorities. This name is used both to determine the seal (held by the secretary of state of the US) and, more generally, to the image on it. The seal was used for the first time on September 16, 1782. Work on the creation of the Great Seal was supervised by Charles Thomson.
Because the United States does not have a traditional emblem, the image on the obverse of a large seal is often used unofficially in this role (eg on passports). The following description refers to the color version of the seal that is best known.


On the obverse there is an American white-tailed eagle with outstretched wings, each of the wings is decorated with 13 feathers. The left (heraldically) talon holds 13 (like thirteen colonies) arrows, the right olive branch with 13 leaves, symbolizing the ability of the United States to wage war and to maintain peace and security. The head of the eagle is directed towards the branch, which symbolizes the supremacy of the room. Beaked with the motto "E Pluribus Unum" (Latin: "One made of many") composed of 13 letters; Above you can find a nimbus with 13 stars on a blue background.
The shield that the eagle holds on its chest (consists of 13 stripes) differs from the American flag in that there are no stars in the blue field, while the outer stripes are white, not red.



On the reverse of the seal there is an unfinished pyramid of 13 layers of stones, at the base of which is written year 1776 (written in Roman numerals). In the place where the top of the pyramid should be located, the so-called Eye of Providence. In addition, on the reverse there are two Latin sentences - consisting of 13 letters "Annuit Coeptis" ("God" looked kindly at our undertaking ", from Aeneid Virgil) and" Novus Ordo Seclorum "(the" New Order of the Ages "- initially the motto of Freemasonry, taken from Virgil's fourth eclipse). The reverse of the large seal is located, for example, on the back of a one dollar bill.


1973 - Former Argentine President Juan Perón returned to the country after 18 years of exile. At the airport in Buenos Aires, after his arrival, there were riots that resulted in the deaths of several people.



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