Arenga Fiber For Water Purification in Rural Communities

in #science5 years ago (edited)


Hello Dear steemian, today i will share you something about rural community.
Source :pixabay cc

The different of residence areas sometimes have different springs, for people who living in the countryside or near the hills they usually have turbid springs, the turbid water caused by manganese, iron and other impurities. So, The white clothes often changed the color to white-cream after washing it, but it happen after several times clothes washed.  Usually, the waters in the hill village area was turbid, some imagine it look like watered tea, therefore the villagers often wash their clothes somewhere, where clear water is found. Why they don't wash their clothes in their house ? Because the water in their well was turbid. Then i share this post to give them a way how can they convert their turbid water to be clean water. Before i begin to my explain, lets to know about several materials that we can use for Filtration Method.

Activated Carbon/Charcoal

Source :medgadget

Activated carbon is a material made from charcoal, it used as an absorber because it has a pore about 20 A and surface area about 3000 m2/g, therefore Activated Carbon used as material absorption. Actually, the people in the rural can make their own activated carbon with charcoal, rather it from coconut shells or other similar materials. The process of making Activated Carbon there are 2 ways that is chemistry and physics, which is meant physically here is the activation process, which is meant physically and chemically here is its activation process. Physical activation process requires high temperature, whereas chemical activation doesn't require high temperature, but the charcoal should be heated with alkaline solution, whether it Potassium Hydroxide (KOH) or Sodium Hydroxide (NaOH). Then it should be washed to make it cleaned (pure from impurities).

Quarts (Sand)

Source :mulyafilter

I have previously discussed about quarts in gemstones compound, where it can be found and how it reacts with metals, this time I discuss the quartz sand associated with water purification, why silica used for water purification ?, because silica doesn't react with any chemical at room temperature, then its density can filter rough particles. therefore, silica sand is used in the early stage filtration. And quartz with chemical formula SiO2 also an active substance for absorption. I have explained about silica as absorber in post silica gel/xerogel.

Arenga Palm Fibers

Source :tanindo

Aren Palm is a tree that grows in mountains or hills, this tree wasn't planted by people as they plant a mangoes, but this tree grows in the forest by itself (it mean without treatment or fertilization), in addition to its water can be used to produce the sugar, aren fiber can also be used as a broom, some inland communities use these fibers to filter water, this filtration method also categorized as deposition of water.

The Problem

The knowledge of rural community, the water filtration only with sand and fiber, they don't use Activated Carbon. Even strange when they hear about Activated Carbon word. When I sat in a diner, I'm talking, they asked me how to clean the water, because after filtrate with the sand and palm fiber the water also still looks cloudy (turbid). Even once in a year they replace the palm fiber, When palm fibers removed from filter tank, it covered with yellow dirt. So, I suggest to them to add activated carbon as absorber, and increase the thickness of fiber and sand. An illustration I describe, what they should do in the water purification process, Figure 1 is a tank filter, where they only filter with sand and fibers, figure 2 that what I suggested to add activated carbon into filter tank.

Solve The Problem

The water inside the well still contains many impurities, coarse and fine particles. At the filtration stage with sand (quarts or SiO2), some coarse particles will settle (sendiment), except it can precipitate water it also can be as absorber, if any particle passed, it will be deposited on the fiber filtration, The water get slow speed in the settling process, so with addition activated carbon, the escaped particles will be absorbed by activated carbon, if the filtration only use 2 layers, the particle which passes from fiber will directly entry to the reservoir. Therefore, the addition of Activated Carbon is more effective in screening than using sand and fiber only.


Each region (the countryside), the water has a different turbidity, So the people should know how the water purification process with economical way, The content of impurities water such as manganese (Mn), iron (Fe), etc. They can affect the water color (yellow cloudy or watered tea), So it can give effect in washing. Therefore, the utilization of water purification should be increased by addition of Activated Carbon.

Source :

Activated Carbon 1 / Activated Carbon 2

Enau / Arenga

Quarts Water Purification

Arenga/Enau Fiber in Water Purification

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Well hey that is a really interesting idea! It is great to feel apart of this amazing steemit community!

Thanks for reading and visiting my blog, i hope this useful for other rural community

NO [email protected] You seem very friendly I will go ahead and follow you!

nice to meet u too, btw where u from ?

USA State of Idaho. Where all the potato farmers live. HAHAHA! You?

im from aceh, indonesia

Wow that is interesting. Nice to meet you. I do not know many people outside the USA.

but now you have been known

Is it true that tap water comes directly from the wastewater treatment plant?
I do not think so because wastewater is collected in the sewage network to be transported to a sewage treatment plant where they are cleared. Once these depollution operations are carried out, the water is returned to the natural environment, in order to complete its purification in the soils. This is part of the water cycle.

That is depend on manufacture company, as my experience the water come from reservoir that have filtered once in other company, but that water can to use for take bath not to drink, for drinking water they rework for hygiene water and save o drink, then here is many source of water, the villager people use the water from the well, but for people in the city they use water from river that has purified.

Spring water or the water directly came from the deep well can be drink directly without processing it. I live that way for a couple of years when we go for an outreach program somewhere in Zambales mountain side.

Yes it is, it can drink directly, but not always do you sure you wanna drink a turbid water as in number 3 and number 4 in example,

Source :nicofilter

Of course not if I still have a choice.

1)Its only for you because your hardworker parson
♡God gives every bird its food, but He does not throw it into its nest.♡
Best of luck for future

of course, thanks for reading, look like you are a soldier, nice to meet u

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