- Hydrogen thermally released from TiH2 on initial heat up (Could be supplied by other means)
- Ultrasonic energy causes compression (pressure/P waves) and radial (Surface/S waves) vibrations. The vibrations travelling around the core tube will cause particles to spin when contacting sides not perpendicular to ultrasonic horn via shear forces. See here for different wave types
- Anharmonic oscillations / Discrete breathers and elliptical deformation due trans-particle P and S wave propagation/reflection on/in Ni and Ti particles caused principally by the combined shocks of the pulsed electrical discharge and ultrasonic application. Ultrasonic shock principally coupled when particles contact the sides of the tube. Possible contribution of residual W.
Getting Hydrogen into the right state
- Hydrogen dissociation caused by Ni and possibly Ti at elevated temperatures
- Hydrogen excited by non-spark discharge into potentially ionised state but preferably into rydberg state
Role of Carbon
- Carbon particles size reduced due to ultrasonics in a hydrogen atmosphere
- Carbon particles accumulate electron charge due to hydrogen ionisation and electrical discharge (Egely)
- Carbon particles create strong electric fields between them due to charge accumulation in field (Egely)
- Charged particles such as H+ Li+ K+ e- EVOs and composite fermions etc. are accelerated in these inter charged carbon fields relative to their charge (Egely)
- Fast moving / spinning charged carbon/other particles moving at Mhz frequency through the electric discharge field may create RF additional to RF caused by pulsed discharge (Greenyer)
Capturing energy from the physical vacuum
- Induction of energy harvesting from the structure of the physical vacuum via above combination of Hydrogen/Potassium etc. in Rydberg state, static electric field and dynamic electromagnetic oscillations. (Sarg / Greenyer)
- Energy harvested from the vacuum is stored in electrons to form heavy electrons of a range of sizes from 511kev to 100s billions of electron masses. (Shoulders)
- Heavy electrons can conduct into metals or form Protide / H- (Piantelli) / e- p e- (Little) / Negatons (Peery) that can then be captured into transition metals during changes of conduction and valence band overlap caused by maximum wave constructive interference during anharmonic oscillations (Piantelli). These exotic fermions result in transmutation (Piantelli). Additionally heavy electrons can take the place of e- in the above, resulting in super energy dense forms of the above composite particles leading to further fusion and transmutation probability (Greenyer).
- Heavy electrons / composite fermions catalyse transmutation yielding energy without significant harmful radiation and tending to stable species (Shoulders) if there are sufficiently large numbers of heavy electrons in the reacting mass.
- Catalysis can happen due to increased field strength due to charge and charge cluster (EVO) accumulation.
- Fusion can be enhanced due to charge clusters masking the mass of positive ions resulting in ions of any size being accelerated in the strong localised fields as if they were massless.
- Fusion can be enhanced by charge clusters bringing nuclei far closer together.
- Expected products would be a wide spread of stable transmutation products derived from electrons and the starting nuclei in the system - 1H 2H Li K C O Al Ti Ni W
- Radiation would only occur where there are insufficient charge clusters, they break down or from part transmuted species at the end of a period of operation