The next big stir around African origins came from an Australian Raymond Dart.
He rather reluctantly found himself in Johannesburg, little more than a very large mining camp in 1923 working for the University of the Witwatersrand at the anatomy department.
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As an Australian he was naturally disliked by the local for Australia's part in the Boer Wars two decades earlier.
There was a world of difference from his previous appointment in London and now near the tip of Africa, but he appears to have been the perfect man for a destiny that would make him famous and notorious. He would be one of a very few that could recognize and identify what would soon cross his path. Little did he know it would lead to scorn and a mental breakdown.
His specialty and love was the brain, but there was little of that to be studied in his new appointment and he was forced to study bones.
It was wile visiting Taung in 1924 that his knowledge of brain anatomy would set him on a new course.
What he was shown was presumed to be a fossilized monkey skull, that had been blasted out while collecting limestone.
The block of rock had been kept as a souvenir in the mine managers office.
But it didn't take long for Dart with his expertise in brain anatomy to recognize that this was no ordinary monkey brain molded in the block of rock.