# Electricity Circuit Motorcycles

Type of Electricity Circuit Motorcycles

Electrical systems on motorcycles are made up of different electrical circuits, but they all start and end in the same place, ie a power source (such as a battery). Then, what exactly is the circuit (circuit)?

In order for the electrical system to work, electricity must be able to flow in a complete / complete circuit from the origin of the power source through the components and back to the power source. The electric current has at least one closed path, ie a path that starts from the starting point and returns to that point uninterrupted and does not see how far or near the track takes.

If there is no circuit, electricity will not flow. That is, after the electricity flow from the positive terminal of the battery and then through the electrical system components, so that the circuit can be declared complete, the electricity must return to the battery from the direction of the negative terminal, which is called the mass (ground). To save wires, connectors (connector) and place, the mass can be directly connected to the body or motorcycle frame of iron or to the machine.

Prisoner, Current and Voltage in Motorcycles

In one circuit the electricity on a motorcycle is usually combined with more than one electrical resistance or load. Some electrical resistance may be coupled in a circuit with one of the following three connection methods:

a. Series Series

b. Parallel circuit

c. Combination Series (Series - Parallel)

The value / number of prisoners of all prisoners coupled in the circuit is called total resistance. The way the calculation of resistance, current and voltage of the three types of circuit above is different from one to another.

Series Series On Motorcycle Electricity System

The series connection type is when two or more resistors (R1, R2, and R3 and so on) are coupled in a circuit as shown below, so there is only one path for the flow of current.

Series Circuit On Motorcycle Electricity System, electric motorcycle circuit

Figure 1. Series series

In series circuits, the amount of current flowing is always the same at each point / place of component. While the total resistance is equal to the sum of each resistance R1, R2 and R3.

With the electrical resistance in the circuit, then when there is a flow of electricity that will cause tegangab down after passing through the resistance. The magnitude of the voltage changes in the presence of resistance is called the voltage drop. In the series circuit, the sum of the voltage drop after passing through the resistance will be equal to the source voltage (Vt). As for the electric current, resistance and voltage in series circuit are as follows:

Itotal = I1 = I2 = I3

Rtotal = R1 + R2 + R3

Vtotal = V1 + V2 + V3

The current I power flowing on the series circuit is equal in magnitude R1, R2 and R3, so it can be calculated as:

I = \ frac {V} {R_ {total}} = I = \ frac {V} {R1 + R2 + R3}

When the current I flows on the circuit, the voltage drops V1, V2 and V3 after passing through R1, R2 and R3 are calculated by Ohm's Law.

V1 = R1 x I

V2 = R2 x I

V3 = R3 x I

Parallel Circuit On Motorcycle Electricity System

Types of parallel circuit connections are when two or more resistors (R1, R2, and R3 and so on) are coupled in a circuit as shown below. One of each end of the resistance (resistor) is connected to a high-voltage (positive) part of the circuit and the other end is connected to the lower (negative) part.

Parallel Circuit On Motorcycle Electricity System

Figure 2. Parallel circuit

In parallel circuits, the source voltage (battery) V is the same across all resistors. While the number of current I is equal to the sum of the currents I1, I2 and I3 ie the current flowing through each resistor R1, R2 and R3. As for the electric current, resistance and voltage in series circuit are as follows:

Vtotal = V1 = V2 = V3

Itotal = I1 + I2 + I3

\ frac {1} {R_ {total}} = \ frac {1} {R1} + \ frac {1} {R2} + \ frac {1} {R3}

The current I power flowing in R1, R2 and R3 can be calculated as:

I1 = \ frac {V} {R1} I2 = \ frac {V} {R2} I3 = \ frac {V} {R3}

Combination Series (Series - Parallel) On Electric Motorcycles

The combination of series (parallel) series of connections is a resistance (R1) and two or more resistors (R2 and R3 and so on) are coupled in a circuit as shown below. Series-parallel circuit is a combination of series and parallel circuit in one circuit.

Combination Series (Series - Parallel) On Electric Motorcycles

Figure 3. Combination series (series - parallel)

Example of Application Type Circuit to

As explained in the previous section, almost all electrical circuits on motorcycles contain resistors. The form of resistance in the circuit may be a resistance to a light bulb or coil or a normal resistor. Examples of applications / use of circuit types, either series, parallel or series-parallel combinations on motorcycles can be found in lighting systems (lights and turn sign / sein), electronically regulating voltage regulation systems, and electronic ignition system. Among these examples are the turn signal system using a capacitor type flasher as shown below:

Application of types of circuits on motorcycles

Figure 4. Application of circuit types on a motorcycle

Based on figure 4 above can be seen that the electrical circuit of the sign system has a circuit type:

a. Series series-parallel combination between resistance (R) with coil L1 and L2

b. Parallel circuit between the left front sein lamp with the rear left rear lights

Series series, parallel or series-parallel can be encountered in the motorcycle circuit on the charging and lighting or on the ignition using electronic systems.

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