The Four Newest Elements Now Have Names (now +video)

in #science5 years ago (edited)

This is it, the moment all of us periodic table nerds have been dreaming about... they've named the new elements!

From the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry website:

  • Nihonium and symbol Nh, for the element 113,

  • Moscovium and symbol Mc, for the element 115,

  • Tennessine and symbol Ts, for the element 117, and

  • Oganesson and symbol Og, for the element 118.

These names will replace the bulky placeholder names like ununseptium when they're finalized in November.

The IUPAC Inorganic Chemistry Division has reviewed and considered these proposals and recommends these for acceptance. A five-month public review is now set, expiring 8 November 2016, prior to the formal approval by the IUPAC Council.

The guidelines for the naming the elements were recently revised [3] and shared with the discoverers to assist in their proposals. Keeping with tradition, newly discovered elements can be named after:
(a) a mythological concept or character (including an astronomical object),
(b) a mineral or similar substance,
(c) a place, or geographical region,
(d) a property of the element, or
(e) a scientist.
The names of all new elements in general would have an ending that reflects and maintains historical and chemical consistency. This would be in general “-ium” for elements belonging to groups 1-16, “-ine” for elements of group 17 and “-on” for elements of group 18. Finally, the names for new chemical elements in English should allow proper translation into other major languages.