Cold wave reveals potential benefits of urban heat islands(Princeton University, Engineering School) Researchers from Princeton University have found that the urban heat island effect -- cities are hotter in the summer than their surrounding areas -- also helps keep cities warmer during extreme cold. The findings have implications for urban planners in areas such as New York City or Chicago, which experience marked seasonal temperature swings.
Waters Corp. obtains rights to mass spectrometry imaging invented at Purdue University(Purdue University) Waters Corp. (NYSE: WAT), Prosolia Inc. and the Purdue Research Foundation announced that Waters acquired exclusive rights to Desorption Electrospray Ionization (DESI) technology for all mass spectrometry applications from Prosolia and PRF.
Cell-sized robots can sense their environment(Massachusetts Institute of Technology) MIT researchers have created what may be the smallest robots yet that can sense their environment, store data, and even carry out computational tasks. Made of electronic circuits coupled to minute particles, the devices could flow through intestines or pipelines to detect problems.
Environmental changes in the Mekong Delta spell trouble for farmers(University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences) The Mekong Delta is home to 15 million people, many of whom rely on the delta's rich soil and water resources for farming and fishing. But their livelihoods are being threatened by rising sea levels, droughts, dams, and other hydrological shifts. A new article from researchers at the University of Illinois and Iowa State University explains the challenges.
NASA finds tropical storm Wukong's comma shape(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) Tropical Depression 14W formed on July 22 and the next day, NASA's Aqua satellite captured an image of the storm that had strengthened into a tropical storm and taken on a comma shape.
Model fuses social media, remote sensing data with goal of identifying nuclear threats(North Carolina State University) A new computational model allows researchers to draw on normally incompatible data sets, such as satellite imagery and social media posts, to answer questions about what is happening in targeted locations. The researchers developed the model to serve as a tool for identifying violations of nuclear nonproliferation agreements.
If only A.I. had a brain(University of Pittsburgh) A team of researchers from Pitt's Swanson School of Engineering have developed an 'artificial synapse' that does not process information like a digital computer but rather mimics the analog way the human brain completes tasks. Led by Feng Xiong, assistant professor of electrical and computer engineering, the researchers published their results in the recent issue of the journal Advanced Materials (DOI:10.1002/adma.201802353).
Writing the future of rewritable memory(University of Alberta) Scientists at the University of Alberta in Edmonton, Canada have created the most dense, solid-state memory in history that could soon exceed the capabilities of current hard drives by 1,000 times. New technique leads to the densest solid-state memory ever created.
Researchers find connection between viruses and inflammatory bowel disease(University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus) A study led by a researcher at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus reveals a key connection between viruses and inflammatory bowel diseases like ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease.
NUST MISIS scientists present metamaterial for solar cells and nanooptics(National University of Science and Technology MISIS) A research team from the NUST MISIS Laboratory of Superconducting Metamaterials led by Alexey Basharin, Senior Lecturer and Candidate of Technical Sciences, has developed a metamaterial-dielectric that has unique characteristics and is easy to manufacture. This ease of access will allow researchers to use it to create the latest optical devices. The research results were published in Laser&Photonics Reviews.