EurekAlert! - Technology, Engineering and Computer Science

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UTA multidisciplinary program to search for solutions for former criminal offenders

(University of Texas at Arlington) A University of Texas at Arlington multidisciplinary research team has been awarded a grant from the National Institute for Transportation and Communities that will link those transportation essentials to needed services like employment centers, educational opportunities and medical access.
Source: https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-07/uota-ump072018.php

Keck Foundation grants CSU $1 million to make and measure nanoscale spin waves

(Colorado State University) Generating spin waves with uncommonly short wavelengths, and developing a first-of-its-kind, tabletop soft X-ray microscope to see and study these waves, are the ambitious goals of a new Colorado State University project, funded by the W.M. Keck Foundation.
Source: https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-07/csu-kfg072018.php

Kessler Foundation and UAB to study exercise training for cognitive deficits in MS

(Kessler Foundation) 'We know from our own pilot data that exercise training has considerable promise for improving cognition in this population,' explained Dr. Wylie. 'We hypothesize that treadmill exercise training will result in significant improvements in MS-related cognitive impairment. This research may foster the development of exercise training guidelines that can be used by clinicians to improve cognition and brain health in individuals with MS.'
Source: https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-07/kf-kfa072018.php

SPIE journal announces public access to largest multi-lesion medical imaging dataset

(SPIE--International Society for Optics and Photonics) A paper published today in the Journal of Medical Imaging - "DeepLesion: Automated mining of large-scale lesion annotations and universal lesion detection with deep learning," -- announced the open availability of the largest CT lesion-image database accessible to the public. Such data are the foundations for the training sets of machine-learning algorithms; until now, large-scale annotated radiological image datasets, essential for the development of deep learning approaches, have not been publicly available.
Source: https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-07/ssfo-sja072018.php

Eagle-eyed machine learning algorithm outdoes human experts

(University of Wisconsin-Madison) Researchers from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and Oak Ridge National Laboratory have trained computers to quickly and consistently detect and analyze microscopic radiation damage to materials under consideration for nuclear reactors. And the computers bested humans in this arduous task.
Source: https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-07/uow-eml072018.php

Two NASA satellites confirm Tropical Cyclone Ampil's heaviest rainfall shift

(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) Two NASA satellites observed Tropical Storm Ampil in six and a half hours and found the storm's heaviest rainfall occurring in a band of thunderstorms shifted from north to south of the center. NASA's GPM satellite passed over the storm first and NASA's Aqua satellite made the second pass.
Source: https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-07/nsfc-tns072018.php

Doctors rely on more than just data for medical decision making

(Massachusetts Institute of Technology) A study from MIT computer scientists finds patients with similar medical profiles receive different treatments based on doctors' 'gut feelings.'
Source: https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-07/miot-dro072018.php

Houseplants could one day monitor home health

(University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture) In a perspective published in the July 20 issue of Science, a team of University of Tennessee faculty and a student from two unrelated disciplines -- plant sciences and architectural design -- explore the future of houseplants as aesthetically pleasing and functional sirens of home health. Their idea is to genetically engineer house plants to serve as subtle alarms that something is amiss in our home and office environments.
Source: https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-07/uoti-hco072018.php

Wave energy converters are not geared towards the increase in energy over the last century

(University of the Basque Country ) Wave energy converters are designed to generate the maximum energy possible in their location and take a typical year in the location as a reference. Alongside the Irish Centre for Ocean Energy Research, researchers from various UPV/EHU centres have been exploring how ocean energy in Ireland has evolved during the last century. The results reveal an increase of up to 40%, which directly affects the output of the converters.
Source: https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-07/uotb-wec072018.php

Speed up solving complex problems: Be lazy and only work crucial tasks

(Aalto University) A new improvement to a programming technique called 'lazy grounding' could solve hard-set and complex issues in freight logistics, routing and power grids by drastically reducing computation times.
Source: https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-07/au-sus072018.php

Source: http://www.eurekalert.org/
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