So I was on Twitter and I read from user @xiomirb about how Europe has been closing their borders and how that is turning out. I want it to share to you, so you can judge yourselves how does that can apply to America.
"Refugee crisis has fenced (literally in some cases) the idea of an Europe without borders that the Schengen Treaty once promised us. What started with a drip of nomads moving from countries at war has become in an authentic flood of people that, taking advantage of "open border seasons", they have sneaked into us at home overflowing EVERYTHING.
To understand all the fences that are being built in our borders, it is necessary to know where and where from inmigration comes. I'll try to explain it, but i can't promise you anything:
- From Sierra Leona, Morocco, Guinea, Gambia, Ivory Coast and Senegal to Ceuta / Canary Islands / Andalusia (SPAIN)
- From Eritrea, Somalia and Uganda to Sudan (Sudanese immigrants join the group). From there to Libya (Libyan immigrants join the group). From there to Malta (ITALY).
- From Cameroon, the Central African Republic, the Gambia, Nigeria, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Guinea, Cote d'Ivoire, Senegal and Mali to Niger (Nigerian immigrants join the group). From there they can go to Libya (where Libyans join) until they reach Malta (Italy); or to Algeria (Algerians join), from where they set course for Tunisia (Tunisians join) to reach Malta (ITALY) or Melilla (SPAIN).
- There are also Malians who go directly to Melilla (Spain), crossing Algeria.
- From Yemen, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Lebanon and Syria to Libya (Libyans join the group), bound for Malta (Italy).
- This last group now comes for Spain, after Italy managed to control its maritime immigration.
- From Vietnam, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Chechnya, Lebanon, Syria and Iraq arrive in Russia (Russians join the group). There they can go up to Finland, Sweden and Norway.
- Or enter through Ukraine (Ukrainians join the group) and go to Belarus, Poland, Germany.
- Or enter through Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania towards Poland, Germany.
- From Bangladesh, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria and Lebanon arrive in Turkey (where Turkish people join). And from Turkey to Greece, through the islands of the Mediterranean or through the land border.
- The group that was entering through the islands has now also set sail for Spain, because Greece has also regulated its maritime migration.
- Those who opt for land, are divided between Bulgaria and Macedonia. From Bulgaria they pass to Romania, from there some to Ukraine, to Slovakia and then to Poland or the Czech Republic.
- Those who go through Macedonia (where Albanians join the group), cross through Romania, passing to Hungary, where they join the group that entered through Bulgaria, crossing Serbia (some of those who go through Serbia, do not pass to Hungary but to Croatia ). They meet again in Slovenia. From there they go to Austria, Germany, France, Belgium, the Netherlands.
"Plano del Espigón"/"Plan of the Jetty", on the beach of Tarajal, Ceuta
It's building began at the end of 1995 and, since then, it has been reformed several times.
The last one, financed by the European program Frontex, has turned it into the Crème de la crème of the fences consisting of 2 fences of 6 meters high on the Spanish side, and a third of 2m on the Moroccan side, which extend for 8km.
Protected with alternate surveillance posts, paths between the fences for the passage of surveillance vehicles, spikes on top, a network of electronic noise and movement sensors, high intensity lights, surveillance cameras and night vision equipment. But, despite being so cool, during 2016, on two occasions, 232 and 438 sub-Saharan immigrants landed in Ceuta. And in February 2017, another 500. All of them, sub-Saharan.
Currently, it is doubling its height.
Melilla - Morocco
Since its inception in 1998, until now, it has grown to 12m in height. Its general features are the same as the Ceuta, except for 3 things: it measures 12km long instead of 8, between the 2 Spanish fences they have installed a three-dimensional tow of 3m in height, which slows down the movements of people, and provides of a metal mesh that prevents getting your fingers to climb. And, even so, the sub-Saharans are still trying to jump. Only between January and February 2014, 4,000 people tried to skip it, and 600 got it.
Once in Spanish territory, they are accommodated in a TISC (Temporary Immigrant Stay Center), either in Melilla, Ceuta or in the peninsula, providing them with a roof and 3 meals a day, in which their expulsion from the country is processed. If, after 60 days the expulsion procedure has not been completed, they will be released in our country.
Turkey - Greece, Fence of Edirne
In 2013, with 3 million euros of European funds, a 12.5km fence was built in Edirne, to prevent Syrians, Afghans, Iraqis and Palestinians from creeping into Greece without control, on their way to Macedonia.
Bulgaria - Turkey, Lesovo and Kraynovo
As a result, migrants began to move towards Bulgaria, which also shares a border with Serbia, which in turn shares with Hungary. Bulgaria went from receiving hundreds to receiving thousands of refugees.
Once again, the EU helped economically to build 30km of fence between Turkey and Bulgaria.
The thing helped a lot, so the Bulgarians decided to build 82km more. This tripled the exodus by sea to the Greek islands, which went from 5,800 people between May and August to 15,000 between September and December, but hey, Bulgaria was settled. The Hellenic government has had to be chartered boats since then, to move them to the peninsula and to continue their way to northern Europe.
Macedonia - Greece
As I said, as the Balkan route became more inaccessible in the east, the option of a boat to the island of Kos became the only exit for thousands of immigrants. In 2015, 700,000 refugees had passed through Macedonia, most of them illegally. And so ends the story of why between November 2015 and February 2016, Macedonia lifted its fence.
Romania - Hungary - Serbia - Hungary - Croatia
So, Serbia is the next step on the route, whether they come from Macedonia (south) or from Bulgaria (east). But, while Macedonia and Bulgaria try to regulate the refugee traffic as much as possible, Serbia does not care in the least (anyone who remembers the Srebrenica massacre in 1995 has clear that the refugees there only they pass, without the slightest intention of staying). So the consequences were paid by Hungary, as the next point on the road.
This led them to build the already finished fence of 135km long and 4m high. That has cost 700 million euros. And, is to receive 2,000 immigrants in 2012, had 57,000 illegals within its borders in 2015. Only in the night before putting the last section of fence, 7,437 illegals were sneak.
By the way, the fence also extends across the border between Hungary and Romania, although Romania is not part of the Schengen agreement of free circulation in Europe, Hungary came with the duties done and was not going to wait for the consequences of the closure with Serbia, same reason that led them to extend it on the border with Croatia as well.
Slovenia - Croatia
When the Hungarian door was sealed, the migrants moved south, through Croatia, on their way to Slovenia.
And Slovenia hallucinated when 447,000 refugees crossed its borders without any control. And he ended up hallucinating when France closed its border with Italy and Austria closed its borders with Italy and Slovenia; and immigrants who entered through Italy were left with only Slovenia as an option. So they decided to close at least one door, where the EU finally decided to close the Balkans. Nor was the decision worth much. As a country through which immigrants passed, a country that decided to close its borders. I would say that the EU only put in writing what was already happening.
Slovenia - Austria - Italy
Austria was ahead of the others. In fact, it was the first country in the Schengen area to put a barrier between 2 member countries. And, thanks to that, he was able to worry more about Italy, from where he received 95,000 asylum requests in 2016. Border that also ended closing to realize that those who were passing through to Germany, Italy, Sweden did not finish passing, after these countries harden the requirements for the application for asylum.
France - United Kingdom, Calais
Arriving in Britain is the dream of many immigrants, but to succeed is the nightmare of many Britons. Therefore, they had to build a barbed wire fence that controlled access to the Eurotunnel. Strengthening, in 2015, the area of
Coquelles, after there were thirty immigrants who had deducted the access code of the fence there, by the wear of the keys. And they have spent about 10 million euros to build a protection area for trucks heading to the United Kingdom, because migrants took advantage of their waits to sneak into them and cross the border. The last solution was, in the summer of 2016, the construction of walls of 4m high and 1km long on both sides of the E-15 motorway, in its final stretch to the port, to end the assaults on transporters.
The police denounced that an average of 30 times per night, they had to intervene because groups of immigrants blocked the track to stop the vehicles and enter them to cross the border.
The wall, which cost the United Kingdom 2.7 million euros, was completed on December 20, 2016, although the Calais camp had been dismantled 2 months earlier, but ... And how beautiful it has been!
Syria - Turkey - Iraq - Turkey - Iran
Initially, Turkey had set up a fence to control its border with Syria. But the refugees made their way by breaking it or by jumping on it. Which led to the fence becoming a 556km wall. And, expansion to expansion, now extends across the border with Iraq and Iran. This wall has not only prevented the illegal intrusion of migrants, but has also reduced by 7 times the number of people trying to cross the border in the opposite direction to join ISIS.
Russia - Latvia - Belarus / Estonia - Russia / Russia (Kaliningrad) - Lithuania - Belarus
If you close the south, all that is left is the north. Thousands of refugees, finding the Turkish border closed, decided to break through Russia and, the Baltic republics, were not going to be less than their southern neighbors. 153km of fence have isolated Latvia from Russia and Belarus - only the part with Belarus has cost 10.5 million euros. 708 km will be Lithuanian, when it is finished. The estonia, 90km. So the refugees had to try further north.
Norway - Russia
200m x 3.5m steel fence ended the dream of the European gate of the Arctic in the area of Anundsen, for immigrants. Until October 2016, refugees were cycling there - it was forbidden to cross undocumented on foot. 10 months later, only a Russian citizen had done it and, in less than 24 hours, he was sent back, on the same bicycle. Actually, the border between Russia and Norway is 196km, but Russia had already taken care of fencing it, so Norway has only had to fence the transit zone between both countries.
While the countries that have had to put physical barriers on their borders are those that have been dealing with the uncontrolled waves of immigrants en masse, there are other European countries that have also been affected by this, because although they reach them to a lesser extent, they come with intention to stay.By not foreseeing the so-called effect (which both Hungary and Poland warned), they have been forced to end "temporarily" with their borders open and to increase restrictions when granting asylum.
The internal terrorism suffered has been the final straw to make this decision.
This has left thousands of immigrants in border limbs, trapped between 2 countries (sometimes, even between fences). Many of them, without wanting to go back, and waiting for resolutions in their asylum applications, have ended up escaping from the refugee centers and, either staying illegally in one of the neighboring countries among which they were, or looking his own route to the desired country and settle there illegally.
Thus, Sweden, Denmark, Austria, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway and France have established internal controls for anyone intending to cross their borders, whether they are EU citizens or not; ending two decades of free movement without a passport among the European countries of the Schengen Treaty, even temporarily.
As an example, since January 2016, the inhabitants of Denmark and Sweden, previously united by half an hour's journey on the Oresund bridge, are now separated by queues of up to 1 hour to pass the immigration controls, either by bus, car , ferry or train. Even fences were erected on one of the train platforms of the Copenhagen airport; so travelers to Sweden, pass a special control and change trains.
Officially, on April 7, 2017, the modification of the Schengen Borders Code to reinforce the external borders came into force.
Member States are obliged to carry out checks on persons crossing the EU's external borders (air, sea and land), both on entry and exit, including on citizens who enjoy the right to free movement. This allows to verify that these people do not represent a threat. Actually, what changes with respect to the previous norm is that now this control will be applied to people with the right to free movement, and also to the exit from the territories (before it was only when entering).
Then, the native citizen, who has sacrificed so much in pursuit of a united, solvent and strong European, is suffering the consequences of seeing how the words Union and European no longer respond to its definition, with its growing reestablished borders; its economy reduced to a broken sack, in which it does not stop to throw taxes, that go in fences of 700 million euros; and their strength is bent from within, no longer by heartless terrorists, but by governments that dare to point the finger at whoever opposes the establishment. Governments that we, the people, put where they are."
I was surprised with i read this article. And i found out this map of how european countries had closed its borders:
Now i ask you these questions:
- Does that apply to America's Border?
- Will a Border Wall be a smart investment?
- Will this wall prevent illegal inmigration and crime by foreign criminals?
You can read this article in Spanish from its author original source from: https://lascenizasdelavefenix.wordpress.com/2018/02/03/fronteras-en-la-europa-sin-fronteras/
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