Vicopisano is part the Country Council of Pisa, and it's away about 18 Km of Pisa's town. Situated between Monte Pisano's hills and two important confluents water coursers: The Arno river, which allowed the connection with Pisa and the sea; The Auser river which done the Lucca's town communication in 13th century to many merchants of the age.
The Brunelleschi's Fortress or La Rocca del Brunelleschi was built by Filippo Brunelleschi (who was the same person that designed the Florence's Duomo), in the period of the early diffusion of medieval guns. There are remarkable walls height and rich in defensive apparatus to avoid the enemy attacks.
At the top of the tower (45 meters high) there are peculiar holes called "* Caditoie *" where the soldiers threw stones that rolled over the sloping wall to the base tower.
Vicopisano there are 9 medieval towers that still are present in historical center dated back from 11th to the 15th century for the a strategic and military defense of the castle. There're palaces and house-towers built in 12th and 13th centuries that do of Vicopisano a travel back to the Middle Age to the visitors.
There is also a massive wall called "Muraglione" long 70m, and join the formwork stands with the " Torri del Soccorso" (Salvations Tower) at the Vicopisano's main entrance to keep the control and preventing of its residents who rebelled against the Florence's domain.
The "Tower-Houses" were massive and conpact belonging to the first period (11th and first half 12th century) with balconies and few openings for offensive and defensives purposes. They were built with bricks and stones and had larger dimensions featured by pillars.
To be continued...
Comune di Vicopisano