mutiara islam

in news โ€ขย  9 months agoย 

๐ŸŒธ Muharram has come greeting ๐ŸŒธ
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Abat Sahabat Mutiara Islam, the month of Muharram has come to greet us. Imam Al-Bukhari said "Berilmu Before Saying & Charity", therefore we should know this glorious month so that in the month of Muharram we can do good and righteous deeds.

Abat Friends, the month of Muharram is one of the illegitimate months

Prophet ๏ทบ said,

ุงู„ุณู†ุฉ ุงุซู†ุง ุนุดุฑ ุดู‡ุฑุง ู…ู†ู‡ุง ุฃุฑุจุนุฉ ุญุฑู… ุซู„ุงุซุฉ ู…ุชูˆุงู„ูŠุงุช ุฐูˆ ุงู„ู‚ุนุฏุฉ ูˆุฐูˆ ุงู„ุญุฌุฉ ูˆุงู„ู…ุญุฑู… ูˆุฑุฌุจ ู…ุถุฑ ุงู„ุฐูŠ ุจูŠู† ุฌู…ุงุฏู‰ ูˆุดุนุจุงู†

๐Ÿƒ "A year consists of twelve months. Among them are four illegitimate months, three in a row, namely Dhul-Qa'dah, Dhul-Hijjah and Al-Muharram, and Rajab Mudhar which is located between Jumada and Sya'ban "๐Ÿƒ
๐Ÿ“š (HR.Bukhari & Muslim)

Ertian Understanding of Al-Muharram in language means that time is forbidden. The question arises "what is forbidden for?"
To torment ourselves and sin.

Allah Ta'ala said,

ุฅู† ุนุฏุฉ ุงู„ุดู‡ูˆุฑ ุนู†ุฏ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุงุซู†ุง ุนุดุฑ ุดู‡ุฑุง ููŠ ูƒุชุงุจ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ูŠูˆู… ุฎู„ู‚ ุงู„ุณู…ุงูˆุงุช ูˆุงู„ุฃุฑุถ ู…ู†ู‡ุง ุฃุฑุจุนุฉ ุญุฑู… ุฐู„ูƒ ุงู„ุฏูŠู† ุงู„ู‚ูŠู… ูู„ุง ุชุธู„ู…ูˆุง ููŠู‡ู† ุฃู†ูุณูƒู…

๐Ÿƒ "Indeed the number of months with Allah is twelve months, in the ordinance of Allah when he created the heavens and the earth, among which there are four unclean months. That is a straight religion, so do not persecute yourself in all four months "๐Ÿƒ
๐Ÿ“š (QS At-Tawba: 36)

In the verse above Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala says:

{ููŽู„ุง ุชูŽุธู’ู„ูู…ููˆุง ูููŠู‡ูู†ูŽู‘ ุฃูŽู†ู’ููุณูŽูƒูู…ู’}

"Do not oppress yourself in it", because sinning in these illegitimate months is more dangerous than in other months. Qatadah rahimahullah once said:

ุฅู† ุงู„ุธู„ู… ููŠ ุงู„ุฃุดู‡ุฑ ุงู„ุญุฑู… ุฃุนุธู… ุฎุทูŠุฆุฉ ูˆูˆุฒุฑุง ู…ู† ุงู„ุธู„ู… ููŠู…ุง ุณูˆุงู‡ุง, ูˆุฅู† ูƒุงู† ุงู„ุธู„ู… ุนู„ู‰ ูƒู„ ุญุงู„ ุนุธูŠู…ุง, ูˆู„ูƒู† ุงู„ู„ู‡ ูŠุนุธู… ู…ู† ุฃู…ุฑู‡ ู…ุง ูŠุดุงุก.

๐Ÿƒ "Verily, wrongdoing in the forbidden months is greater than his wrongdoing and sin than doing wrong in those months. Even though he did wrong in every great value, God raised all his affairs according to what He wanted. "
๐Ÿ“š (Tafsir ibn Abi hatim)

Abat Friends, the month of Muharram is also called the month of Allah. And in the month of Muharram it is recommended to increase fasting

The Messenger of Allah ๏ทบ said,

ุฃูุถู„ ุงู„ุตูŠุงู… ุจุนุฏ ุฑู…ุถุงู† ุดู‡ุฑ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุงู„ู…ุญุฑู… ูˆุฃูุถู„ ุงู„ุตู„ุงุฉ ุจุนุฏ ุงู„ูุฑูŠุถุฉ ุตู„ุงุฉ ุงู„ู„ูŠู„

๐Ÿƒ "The most important fast after (fasting) Ramadan is fasting in the month of Allah, that's Muharram. While the main prayer after the obligatory prayer is the night prayer. "๐Ÿƒ
๐Ÿ“š (HR. Muslim)

๐Ÿ‘ค Imam Nawawi rahimahullah explained,
๐Ÿƒ "This hadith is an affirmation that the best month to fast is in the month of Muharram."
๐Ÿ“š (Syarh Shahih Muslim)

Abat Friends, the most recommended fasting in the month of Muharram is fasting 'Ashura. That is fasting on the 10th of Muharram

ูˆูŽุณูุฆูู„ูŽ ุนูŽู†ู’ ุตูŽูˆู’ู…ู ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ู ุนูŽุฑูŽููŽุฉูŽ ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ยซูŠููƒูŽููู‘ุฑู ุงู„ุณูŽู‘ู†ูŽุฉูŽ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุงุถููŠูŽุฉูŽ ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุจูŽุงู‚ููŠูŽุฉูŽยป. ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ูˆูŽุณูุฆูู„ูŽ ุนูŽู†ู’ ุตูŽูˆู’ู…ู ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ู ุนูŽุงุดููˆุฑูŽุงุกูŽ ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ยซูŠููƒูŽููู‘ุฑู ุงู„ุณูŽู‘ู†ูŽุฉูŽ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุงุถููŠูŽุฉูŽ

๐Ÿƒ "the Prophet was asked about the virtue of the fast of Arafat? He replied, "Fasting Arafat will erase sin a year ago and a year to come." He was also asked about the specialties of fasting 'Ashura? He replied, "Fasting" Ashura will erase sin a year ago. "
๐Ÿ“š (HR. Muslim)

Abat Friends, also do the Tasu'a fast (9 Muharram) in order to overcome Jews.
Ibn Abbas Radhiyallahu 'anhuma said that when the Prophet ๏ทบ fasted the day' of Ashura and ordered the Muslims to do it, at that time someone said,

ูŠูŽุง ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ูŽ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุฅูู†ูŽู‘ู‡ู ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ูŒ ุชูุนูŽุธูู‘ู…ูู‡ู ุงู„ู’ูŠูŽู‡ููˆุฏู ูˆูŽุงู„ู†ูŽู‘ุตูŽุงุฑูŽู‰.

๐Ÿƒ "O Messenger of God, today is a day that is glorified by Jews and Christians."
Then he said,

ููŽุฅูุฐูŽุง ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุงู…ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูู‚ู’ุจูู„ู - ุฅูู†ู’ ุดูŽุงุกูŽ ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู - ุตูู…ู’ู†ูŽุง ุงู„ู’ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ูŽ ุงู„ุชูŽู‘ุงุณูุนูŽ

๐Ÿƒ "In the coming year, God willing (if God wills) - we will fast on the ninth day." ๐Ÿƒ
Ibn Abbas said,

ููŽู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽุฃู’ุชู ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุงู…ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูู‚ู’ุจูู„ู ุญูŽุชูŽู‘ู‰ ุชููˆูููู‘ู‰ูŽ ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู -ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู…-.

๐Ÿƒ "Not until next year, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam has already passed away." ๐Ÿƒ
๐Ÿ“š (HR. Muslim)

๐Ÿ‘ค Ibn Rajab said,
๐Ÿƒ "Among the scholars who advocated fasting on the 9th and 10th of Muharram were Imam Asy Syafi'i, Imam Ahmad and Ishaq. As for Imam Abu Hanifah, it is disgraceful if someone only fasts on the tenth day. "๐Ÿƒ
๐Ÿ“š (Latho-Al Al Maโ€™arif)

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