What is atherosclerosis
What is atherosclerosis
Hardness of the arteries is atherosclerosis, where the proportion of low-density lipoprotein in the blood, or more than 160 mg / dL, and thus lead to accumulation in the arteries, causing them to narrow gradually, which prevents the passage of blood easily, affecting the nutrition of the heart muscle, Serious health problems that threaten human life, and we will inform you in this article on the disease of atherosclerosis, its causes, symptoms, and methods of treatment.
Symptoms of atherosclerosis
Severe pain in the chest, due to lack of blood vessels of the heart muscle.
There is a difference in the measurement of blood pressure between the lower leg pressure, and the pressure of the forearm of the upper limb.
Causes of atherosclerosis
High cholesterol and calcium deposits in the blood, as a result of eating high-fat foods that contain animal fats, such as cream, butter and margarine.
Lack of exercise, and going to sleep after eating leading to muscle stress.
High blood pressure increases the risk of atherosclerosis.
Nervous emotions, stress, and intense mental stress.
Excessive obesity is one of the leading causes of atherosclerosis and heart disease.
Places of atherosclerosis
Intestinal tract, causing parts to die.
The limbs are like legs, resulting in gangrene.
The brain is getting a stroke.
The heart has many heart diseases.
How to diagnose atherosclerosis
High density lipoprotein (LDL) and low density (HDPE) are examined, with type I knowledge providing protection against the risk of this disease.
Using a tomography device.
Perform tests to check the performance of the kidneys and liver.
To undergo radiographic nuclear imaging in order to identify coronary artery disease, by injecting the patient with radioactive material, which is spread in the heart muscles.
Measure the rate of cholesterol, and body fat, by taking a blood sample and analyzing it.
Using an electric drawing machine to diagnose any heart defect.
Treatment of atherosclerosis
Treatment of atherosclerosis with medical drugs:
Take special medical drugs to lower high cholesterol. Medications are anticoagulant.
Treatment of medical needles known as beta blockers, which reduce high blood pressure and reduce the speed of heartbeat.
Taking drugs that treat diabetes, which is one of the leading diseases of atherosclerosis.
Treatment of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors.
Treatment of atherosclerosis with surgical interventions:
Obstruction to the lining of the artery.
To undergo thrombolysis in the blood vessels.
Incubation of the catheter, and the installation of stents.
Prevention of atherosclerosis
Treatment of diabetes. stop smoking.
Eat lots of vegetables, fruits.
Loss of excess weight.
Avoid eating high-fat foods, such as butter, eggs, and desserts.
Exercise such as swimming, walking.
Treatment of kidney problems.
Treatment of high blood pressure disease.
By: Magda Kamel