Brain structure

in life •  last year 

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Definition of Terms
Cerebrum
The cerebrum, as well known as the telencephalon, is the biggest and most highly developed part of the human brain. It is composed about two-thirds of the brain.

Corpus collosum
Corpus callosum is a broad band of nerve fibers that connects the two cerebral hemispheres, allowing communication between the right and left sides of the brain.

Ventricles
Ventricles is a small cavity or chamber within a body or organ like One of the two lower chambers of the heart

Thalamus
Thalamus is a large ovoid mass of gray matter lying between the cerebral hemispheres on either side of the third ventricle and relays sensory impulses to the cerebral cortex.It aslo act as the pain perception center.

Midbrain
Midbrain is the part of the brainstem found below the cerebral cortex which joins the thalamus and hypothalamus and above the hindbrain. It is concerned with the control the movement of the eye.

Cerebellum
Cerebellum is the structured part of the brain, lying at the back of the skull in vertebrates and responsible for the regulation and coordination of voluntary muscular activity.

Brain stem
Brain stem is the central trunk of the mammalian brain, consisting of the medulla oblongata, pons, and midbrain, and continuing downward to form the spinal cord.

Hypothalamus
The hypothalamus is a portion of the brain that embodies a number of small nuclei with a range of functions. One of the most significant functions of the hypothalamus is to bond the nervous system to the endocrine system through the pituitary gland (hypophysis)

Pituitary gland
The pituitary gland is a pea-sized gland situated in the center of the skull, inferior to the hypothalamus of the brain and posterior to the viaduct of the nose. It is a crucial link between the nervous and endocrine systems and discharges a lot of hormones which have an effect on growth, sexual development, metabolism and human reproduction.

Medulla
Medulla is the inner core of certain organ or tissue, like if it is distinguishable from the outer region or cortex.

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