Hello friends of steemit, today I want to talk to you about Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein was a German physicist of Jewish origin, nationalized after Swiss, Austrian and American. He is considered the most well-known and popular scientist of the 20th century.
In 1905, when he was a young unknown physicist, employed in the Patent Office of Berne, he published his theory of special relativity. In it, he incorporated, in a simple theoretical framework based on simple physical postulates, concepts and phenomena studied by Henri Poincaré and Hendrik Lorentz. As a logical consequence of this theory, he deduced the most popular equation of physics at the popular level:
The mass-energy equivalence, E = mc².
That year he published other works that would lay some of the foundations of statistical physics and quantum mechanics.
In 1915, he presented the theory of general relativity, in which he completely reformulated the concept of gravity. One of the consequences was the emergence of the scientific study of the origin and evolution of the Universe by the branch of physics called cosmology. In 1919, when the British observations of a solar eclipse confirmed his predictions about the curvature of light, he was idolized by the press. Einstein became a popular icon of world-famous science, a privilege within reach of very few scientists.
For his explanations on the photoelectric effect and his numerous contributions to theoretical physics, in 1921 he won the Nobel Prize for Physics and not for the Theory of Relativity, because the scientist who was entrusted with the task of evaluating it did not understand it, and feared run the risk that later it would prove erroneous.6 At that time it was still considered somewhat controversial.
Before the rise of Nazism, Einstein left Germany around December 1932 to the United States, where he devoted himself to teaching at the Institute for Advanced Study. He became an American citizen in 1940. During his last years he worked to integrate gravitational and electromagnetic forces into the same theory.
Although he is considered by some to be the "father of the atomic bomb", he advocated world federalism, internationalism, pacifism, Zionism and democratic socialism, with a strong devotion to individual freedom and freedom of expression. He was proclaimed as the "twentieth century character" and the most preeminent scientist by the magazine