Japan (Japanese : Japan Nippon or Nihon ; full name is Japan 国 Nippon- Koku or Nihon-Koku , "Japan State") is an island state of East Asia . This country is the Pacific Ocean on the Japan Sea , the East China Sea , China , North Korea , South Korea and Russia to the east, north okhotska Sea from the southern East China Sea and Taiwan to expand. The name of Japan according to KanjiAbout this word It has come to mean "sun source". Japan is often called "the rising sun country".
Japan is a compound volcanic archipelago . This islands comprise 6,852 islands . The biggest four islands in Japan are Honshu , Hokkaido , Kuusu and Sikoku . These four islands comprise 97% of the total area of Japan. Japan's population is 126 million. As the population, it is the 10th largest state in the world . Tokyo's capital city of Tokyo has a population of about 9.1 million. This city is the second largest main city of economic cooperation and development organization . The greater Tokyo region, comprising the state of Tokyo and adjacent statesThe population is more than 35 million. It is the world's largest metropolitan economy .
As a result of archaeological research, it has been found that in the high paleolithic age the population of Japan was in existence. Japan's first written mention is found in the Chinese history books written in the 1st century AD . In Japan's history, the effects of various other regions are seen. The history of this country was first influenced by the Chinese empire . After spending an isolation era, the impact of Western Europe on the history of this country falls From 12th century to 1868, Shogun 's military feudal rulers ruled Japan in the title of Emperor . In the first half of the 17th century, Japan entered the phase of a long separation. In 1853, the United States Navy pressed to open Japan in front of the WestThe end of the isolation era. After nearly two decades of internal conflict and rebellion, the Meiji Empire was reinstated as the head of state in 1868 and the Japanese Empire was declared. In this empire, Emperor received the honor of the symbol of the nation. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries Japan first won the China-Japan War , Russian-Japanese War and World War I. In this growing military era, Japan expanded its empire's scope. The second China-Japan War of 1937 became an extended part of World War II in 1941 . After the nuclear bomb blast in Japan Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945, the second world war ended. Corrected in 1947After taking the constitution , Japan became a unified constitutional monarchy . In this system , along with Emperor , a selected legislative assembly named Kokkai was also formed.
Japan is a member of the United Nations , G7 , G8 and G20 groups. This state is a super power state . According to nominal total indigenous production, Japan is the world's 3rd largest economy and according to the purchasing power parity, the fourth largest economy . Japan is also the world's fifth largest producer and the fifth largest importer of the country. Although officially boycotting the war declaration of Japan , this country has kept a modern military force. The country's military budget is the world's 8th largest military budget . Of course, the Japanese military's work is self-defense and peacekeeping. Japan is a developed country. Here are the high standards of living and human development indicators . The world's average life expectancy is the highest in the world and the third lowest rate of child death rate. The first place in Japan is the indigenous Rubber Index. The position of the state is highest in the world index .