# Learn Italian - Lesson 1 - Alphabet and Numbers - Steem Skillshare

Hi there,

With this post I would like to start a new series of tutorial here on the steem blockchain, and in particular in the @steem.skillshare community.

Specifically I would like to teach my native language, **ITALIAN**.

I'm perfectly aware that it is not the most popular language out there nor the most useful, but I think that someone could be interested in learning the language of **DANTE**.

So let's get started!

## Lesson 1 - 1 The Italian Alphabet

The beginning, for any foreign language learning, is always the alphabet.

Here the list of the Italian alphabet from A to Z associated with the most famous cities of the Bel Paese, this is very useful for taking the first steps in the language and in our lands.

The Italian alphabet consists of 5 vowels, 16 consonant nti Italian and 5 foreign consonants.

The vowels are: **A - E - I - O - U**

The Italian consonants are: **B - C - D - F - G - H - L - M - N - P - Q - R - S - T - V - Z**

The foreign consonants are: **J - K - W - X - Y**

Here are all the letters of the Italian alphabet in order (associated with some of the most beautiful cities in Italy, useful when you need to spell a word!):

Letter | City |
---|---|

A | Ancona |

B | Bologna |

C | Cagliari |

D | Domodossola |

E | Enna |

F | Firenze |

G | Genova |

H | Hotel |

I | Isernia |

L | Livorno |

M | Milano |

N | Napoli |

O | Otranto |

P | Palermo |

Q | Quarto |

R | Roma |

S | Sassari |

T | Torino |

U | Urbino |

V | Venezia |

Z | Zagarolo |

Foreign letters are used only in words of foreign origin, therefore there are no Italian cities that begin with a foreign consonant! Here are some foreign words that have entered the Italian vocabulary:

Letter | Word |
---|---|

J | Jeans |

K | Ketchup |

W | Wurstel |

X | Xbox |

Y | Yogurt |

## Lesson 1-2 The Numbers

Single-digit numbers

Number | Word |
---|---|

1 | Uno |

2 | Due |

3 | Tre |

4 | Quattro |

5 | Cinque |

6 | Sei |

7 | Sette |

8 | Otto |

9 | Nove |

"Irregular" two-digit numbers

Number | Word |
---|---|

11 | Undici |

12 | Dodici |

13 | Tredici |

14 | Quattordici |

15 | Qindici |

16 | Sedici |

17 | Diciassette |

18 | Diciotto |

19 | Diciannove |

Two-digit numbers with a zero

Number | Word |
---|---|

10 | Dieci |

20 | Venti |

30 | Trenta |

40 | Quaranta |

50 | Cinquanta |

60 | Sessanta |

70 | Settanta |

80 | Ottanta |

90 | Novanta |

For other numbers, "regular" digit exists a kind of rule: just merge the number with the zero and the one-digit number by making a "addition" .

Number | Word | "Addition" |
---|---|---|

25 | VentiCinque | 20+5 |

36 | TrentaSei | 30+6 |

49 | QuarantaNove | 40+9 |

and so on.

the numbers Uno ( 1 ) and Otto ( 8 ) start with a vowel , therefore, when joining them with the numbers with zero (which end with a vowel ), you must remember not to pronounce (or write) the final vowel of thenumber with zero . Here are some examples:

Number | Word | "Addition" |
---|---|---|

21 | VentUno | 20+1 |

38 | TrentOtto | 30+8 |

61 | SessantUno | 60+1 |

Let's move on!

Three-digit numbers with two zeros

Number | Word |
---|---|

100 | Cento |

200 | DueCento |

300 | TreCento |

400 | QuattroCento |

500 | CinqueCento |

600 | SeiCento |

700 | SetteCento |

800 | OttoCento |

900 | NoveCento |

As you can see, except for the first (Cento), all other 3-digit numbers with two zeros are formed by joining the single- digit number + one hundred .

To form the other three-digit numbers it will be sufficient to perform another “addition”. Here are some examples:

Number | Word | "Addition" |
---|---|---|

122 | CentoVentiDue | 100+20+2 |

156 | CentoCinquataSei | 100+50+6 |

235 | DueCentoTrentaCinque | 2+100+30+5 |

Finally, we have four-digit numbers with three zeros ; to form them just join the single- digit number with the word " MILLA ", except for a Mille (1000). Here's the list:

Number | Word |
---|---|

1000 | Mille |

2000 | DueMila |

3000 | TreMila |

4000 | QuattroMila |

5000 | CinqueMila |

6000 | SeiMila |

7000 | SetteMila |

8000 | OttoMila |

9000 | NoveMila |

For all other four-digit numbers, the addition rule always applies:

Number | Word | "Addition" |
---|---|---|

1977 | MilleNovecentoSettantaSette | 1000+900+70+7 |

2123 | DueMilaCentoVentiTre | 2000+100+20+3 |

Big numbers are:

Millions

Number | Word |
---|---|

1000000 | UnMilione |

2000000 | DueMilioni |

Billions

Number | Word |
---|---|

1000000 | UnMiliardo |

2000000 | DueMiliardi |

For the first lesson I think it is enough, thanks for reading!

steem.skillshare (70)modCURATION ACCOUNT 3 years agoYour publications are always very interesting, I'm very happy you started the Italian lessons, I'll follow with great interest

passionfriut (62)Gardener 3 years agoThat was a well explained material