Digital Design: Practice with Enconder by @juanjo09steemCreated with Sketch.

in GEMS6 months ago

Introduction

I have never posted in this community, but its content has seemed very attractive; and I think this post will have more appreciation in this community.

I made this post based on my project yesterday (I designed a code converter) I want to show you this, because many people are unaware of what they use on a daily basis. the intention is that many have an idea of how a computer, a telephone or a calculator is designed and have a notion of what is inside those "electronic roaches" that make everything work.

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Looking for what to design

I am an electronics student. A branch with great application today is digital electronics, unfortunately my university is unemployed (there are no academic activities until further notice), so I decided to be self-taught and perfect my knowledge in this area on my own. for this I opened a very good book.

WhatsApp Image 2021-03-30 at 11.45.39 AM.jpegScreenshot of the book I use, you can download the book for free here and in Spanish here

I downloaded this book several years ago on the elsolucionario.org page.

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I checked the table of contents and went directly to the exercises in Chapter 4 (I only went through those topics where I felt weak)

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When I went to the exercises section I decided to do exercise 4.9, well, I did not know what the Gray code was, so it seemed good to know it with an exercise, however, as the exercise seemed very simple, I decided to modify it and put it a little more Difficult for me, I decided to make the system show on a display the conversion of a gray, decimal and binary code controlled by buttons just like a computer keyboard.

Design process

In order not to omit both technicalities, I upload a sheet with the competent analytical process to set up the exercise (truth table, between design of gates)

WhatsApp Image 2021-03-30 at 12.32.58 PM.jpegscreenshot of my computer

Once the competent calculations were done, I started to mount it on a circuit simulator for android (for me it is one of the best, for now) called DroidTesla (it can be downloaded at googleplay here )

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Screenshot

It took me about 4 hours to assemble the circuit, I used OR and NOT gates in addition to the 7-segments and when I finished it was like this

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I know it looks like a spider web haha but it is actually the logical circuit to achieve the code converter, I will explain it briefly

How does it work?

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We can divide it by section, where what is enclosed in an orange polygon is the control section (the keyboard) where the first one is 0 and the last one is 15. The white polygon encloses the coding stage structured by OR gates where it enters 16 signals and Only 8 signals are output and the blue polygon circuits are logic circuits that prepare the coded signal and show it on the display

when running the circuit, we then observe:

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then it works as follows. We select a button, this is in order from 0 to 15 so that if we press the fifth button it will give us the number 4 and it will show its decimal value, Gray code and Binary code on the respective displays.

WhatsApp Image 2021-03-30 at 12.25.50 PM.jpegexample with the number 4

WhatsApp Image 2021-03-30 at 12.25.47 PM.jpegexample with the number 13

Last words

And this was my technological project yesterday. I hope you found it interesting and can understand a little more how digital systems work.

perhaps some still do not understand what all this is. what you saw in this post is a digital system from scratch, the lot of connections and "gates" is what is inside an IC (integrated circuit).

In real life this would be part of a computer circuit, for example. I plan to continue uploading very diverse posts like this one, about technology and art