SOME PLANT SPECIES IN SOUTH-WESTERN PART OF NIGERIA

in Photography9 months ago

I was walking along a path as i stumbled on some plants. It then came to my mind to observe those plants especially the leaf.

800px-Chromolaena_odorata_by_Ashasathees.jpg

Chromolaena odorata

CLASSIFICATION

Kingdom - Plantae
Subkingdom - Viridiplantae
Superdivision - Embryophyta
Division - Tracheophyta
Subdivision - Spermatophytina
Class - Magnoliopsida
Superorder - Asteranae
Order - Asterales
Family - Asteraceae
Genus - Chromolaena
Species - odorata

Botanical Name: Chromolaena odorata
Location: South-West, Nigeria.
Inflorescence type: Terminal and Axillary
Leaf shape: Ovate
Leaf arrangement: Opposite
Leaf margin: Entire
Economic importance: It can be used as a green manure and it may possess insecticidal properties. It is used for embalming dead bodies in some countries.

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800px-Pink_Rangan_by_Piyal_Kundu.jpg

Ixora coccinea

CLASSIFICATION

Kingdom - Plantae
Subkingdom - Viridiplantae
Superdivision - Embryophyta
Division - Tracheophyta
Subdivision - Spermatophytina
Class - Magnoliopsida
Superorder - Asteranae
Order - Gentianales
Family - Rubiaceae
Genus - Ixora
Species - coccinea

Botanical Name: Ixora coccinea
Location: South-West, Nigeria.
Inflorescence type: Umbel with a pedicel
Venation: Pinnate
Leaf shape: Ovate
Leaf arrangement: Opposite
Leaf margin: Entire
Economic importance:
The seeds of Coffee plant are roasted and powdered for making coffee. The drug 'quinine' obtained from the bark of the plant is used throughout the world in the treatment of malarial fever. Timber which can be used for commercial purposes is obtained from Adina cordifolia (Manjakkadambu) and Morinda tinctoria (Nuna tree). Ixora coccinea are also used for decorating houses.
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Sida_acuta_Blanco2.366~2.png

Sida acuta

CLASSIFICATION

Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom - Viridiplantae
Superdivision - Embryophyta
Division - Tracheophyta
Subdivision - Spermatophytina
Class - Magnoliopsida
Superorder - Rosanae
Order - Malvales
Family - Malvaceae
Genus - Sida
Species - acuta

Botanical Name: Sida acuta
Location: South-West, Nigeria.
Inflorescence type: Axillary and solitary
Venation: Reticulate
Leaf arrangement: Alternate
Leaf margin: Entire
Economic importance: Sida acuta is useful in treating urinary diseases and blood disorders, bile, liver and as treatment for nervous diseases.

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Kongo_Wasserfarn.jpg

Bolbitis heudelotii

CLASSIFICATION

Kingdom - Plantae
Subkingdom - Viridiplantae
Superdivision - Embryophyta
Division - Tracheophyta
Subdivision - Polypodiophytina
Class - Polypodiopsida
Subclass - Polypodiidae
Order - Polypodiales
Family - Dryopteridaceae
Genus - Bolbitis
Species - heudelotii

Botanical Name: Bolbitis heudelotii
Location: South-West, Nigeria.
Inflorescence type: Simple
Venation: Pinnate
Leaf shape: Lyrate
Leaf arrangement: Compound binnate

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References

Taxonomic classification of plants

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