The 1883 Krakatoa eruption (for dummies)
THE VOLCANIC ISLANDS OF KRAKATOA
A little bit of context on this fiery mountain
The volcanic islands of Krakatoa was (Yes, "was" SPOILERS AHEAD, It exploded) a nice mixture of archipielago, mountain and active volcanic hellscape, the perfect place to set your own evil lair if lava pits and hellish streams of fire are your thing, this doomsday paradise was located in the Sunda Strait between the islands of Java and Sumatra and had three volcanic cones rising to the sky.
But, what happened?
Krakatoa had a really bad history of spiting fire and lava to its neighbors, it doesn't help that its neighbors are equaly rude beacause Indonesia has over 130 active volcanoes but that's family. Since its birth violence and fire where its friends, studies of the place found that in pre-history times a series of caldera-forming eruptions occurred spawning lava and magma finally forming the mainland of Krakatoa y its distintive cones, they grew and grew over time reaching over 800m on one of its tallest cones.
Later in 416 AD
Our reporters at the scene reported that they weren't in the scene, but thankfully we have the Javanese Book of Kings and they recorded the events of what happened during the event, the book tell us of that
A thundering sound was heard from the mountain Batuwara which was answered by a similar noise from Kapi.
Both Butawara and Kapi were mountain found in the Sundra Strait, this tells us that those moutains had a job as part-time volcanoes, lets continue with the book
A great glowing fire, which reached the sky, came out of the last-named mountain; the whole world was greatly shaken and violent thundering, accompanied by heavy rain and storms took place, but not only did not this heavy rain extinguish the eruption of the fire of the mountain Kapi, but augmented the fire; the noise was fearful, at last the mountain Kapi with a tremendous roar burst into pieces and sank into the deepest of the earth
The water of the sea rose and inundated the land, the country to the east of the mountain Batuwara, to the mountain Rajabasa was inundated by the sea; the inhabitants of the northern part of the Sunda country to the mountain Rajabasa were drowned and swept away the water subsided but the land on which Kapi stood became sea, and Java and Sumatra were divided into two parts.
First of all Rajabasa was another volcano located in th southern part of the island of Sumatra.
Second, if you didn't have enough with the previous scenario, you can add a tsunami that devastated the south of Sumatra and the North of Java.
And third, unfortunaly most scientist agree that there's no geological evidence for an eruption of that magnitude around that time and I think the text are exaggerating a bit, a explotion capable of separating the islands of Java and sumatra whould've made the world to got dark and cold caused by the volcanic ashes alone.
And for the main event
Lets say the year of 1883 was a great year for the Krakatoa Island with a shcedule full with tremors and earthquakes all around the area, the northernmost cone Perboewatan was regularly and eruptions could be heared from Jakarta, is important to say that ash eruptions reached altitudes of 6 km, so yeah, pretty much like a 90' businessman in New York.
Around the month of June earthquakes created unusual high tides and made the water surrounding the island pretty hard to navigate, and a big black cloud was reported to be permanently on top of the volcanic island.
The 25th of August things got much worse, the eruption was constant at this point with explotions every 10 minutes, just like a really dangerous lava clock, the black cloud reached 27 km high and 20km around the island sailors reported heavy rain of ashes, mix that with a little tsunami here and there and you got what you need.
Let this sink in
There were so much ash a debris near the site another temporary island were formed by them, tsunamis were a huge factor on this catastrophe, reaching above 30 meters they hit the surrounding islands destroying everything in their path as tsunamis tend to do.
The global temperature wasn't safe of the volcano's wrath, the average global temperature droped by 1.2°C and the weather patterns were chaotic until th year 1888, becasue the eruption poured so much sulfur dioxide (SO2) into the atmosphere that the levels of sulfuric acid (H2SO4) increased at levels that made the high clouds reflect more sunligth and cooled the entire planet.
Even the art was affected by Krakatoa, in 2004 an astronomer proposed that the way the sky looks in the painting The Scream by Edvard Munch in 1893 was pretty much the same red Norway's sky would be at the time Krakatoa erupted, the event darkened the skyis worldwide, making the sunets redder and twilights purple.
... Chad, you think you're so cool, and loud and vape so much, but you're nothing next to the mighty, explosive, destructive, power the KRAKATOA VOLCANIC ISLAND
Krakatoa has a son its name is Anak Krakatoa, OMG LOOK HOW CUTE IT IS!!!
Thinking about it... OH S#!t
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Bibliographique Source (Yes, only one source, I'm a Historian)